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系統識別號 U0026-0608201410494500
論文名稱(中文) 鐵/鋅複合材料製程、結構及性質研究
論文名稱(英文) Investigation of processing,structure and prosperities of Fe/Zn composite material
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 材料科學及工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Materials Science and Engineering
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 李岳霖
研究生(英文) Yueh-Lin Li
學號 N56011166
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 136頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳瑾惠
指導教授-朱建平
口試委員-李經維
中文關鍵字 鐵鋅複合材料  熱機處理  腐蝕 
英文關鍵字 Fe/Zn composite material  mechanical property  corrosion 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本實驗探討不同製程處理對於鐵鋅複合材料成型性的影響,主要目的是為了改善鐵鋅之間的鍵結,使其成型性變好。本實驗分成兩部分進行討論,第一部分將鐵絲及鋅片或鐵鋅剉削經由冷/熱壓的方式,再經由冷/熱滾壓的方式,避免鐵鋅之間因加熱原子擴散而有反應層,減少其中的缺陷,改善成型性。第二部分為鐵鋅剉削經冷壓後,改變熱滾壓溫度而成鐵鋅複合材料,進行性質的測試。
純鋅及純鐵加工形成剉削後,將兩剉削依重量比1:1均勻混合後,進行進行冷壓,將試片加熱到520⁰C進行熱滾壓,此條件下不會出現反應層,有好的成型性,且腐蝕電位為-1.265V,與純鋅的腐蝕電位差異不大,腐蝕電流為5.494μA,遠高於純鐵及純鋅的腐蝕電流1.95μA及0.556μA,彎曲強度有最大值,為91.9MPa。
英文摘要 This study investigated the treatment of different processes for formability of iron and zinc composite materials. The main purpose is to improve the bond between iron and zinc which becomes better formability. The experiment is divided into two sections to discuss. The first part is the iron wire & zinc tablets or iron & zinc shaved cut flake through the cold / hot press, and then through the cold / hot rolling, avoiding diffusion layer between iron and zinc after heating by atomic diffusion , which reduce defects and improve the formability. The second part of iron and zinc shaved cut after cold, changing temperature from hot rolled iron and zinc composite materials, the nature of the test.
論文目次 摘要 3
誌謝 7
圖目錄 12
表目錄 16
第一章 前言 17
1-1 元素鐵的介紹 17
1-1-1 鐵的起源 17
1-1-2 地球上的鐵礦 18
1-1-3 鐵的物理性質 18
1-1-4 鐵的化學性質 20
1-2 鐵的製備 21
1-2-1 Blast furnace 21
1-2-2 Thermite process 23
1-3元素鋅的介紹 24
1-3-1鋅的起源 24
1-3-2 鋅的物理性質 25
1-4鋅的製備 26
第二章 文獻回顧 28
2-1 生醫材料的發展 28
2-1-1 金屬生醫材料 29
2-1-2 陶瓷生醫材料 30
2-1-3 高分子生醫材料 31
2-1-4 複合生醫材料 32
2-2 可降解金屬生醫材料的發展 33
2-2-1鎂及其合金 34
2-2-2 純鐵 36
2-2-3 鐵合金 38
2-2-4 鋅及其合金 40
2-4 應力遮蔽效應 41
2-5 研究背景及目的 43
第三章 理論基礎 44
3-1 差排及滑移系統 44
3-2 金屬強化機制 46
3-2-1 晶粒細化強化 46
3-2-2 加工硬化強化 48
3-3 金屬的熱處理 49
3-3-1 退火處理 49
3-4 破斷機制 52
3-4-1 延性破斷(Ductile Fracture) 52
3-4-2 脆性破斷(Brittle Fracture) 54
3-4-3 韌窩(dimple) 55
3-5 腐蝕機制 56
3-5-1 腐蝕傾向 56
3-5-2 極化曲線 58
3-5-3 腐蝕形態 59
第四章 實驗步驟與方法 62
4-1 材料與製備 62
4-2實驗製程 64
4-2-1 冷/熱壓成型 64
4-2-2 冷滾壓 66
4-2-3 熱滾壓 67
4-3性質量測 68
4-3-1 光學顯微鏡(Optical Microscope, OM) 68
4-3-2 掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscope, SEM) 69
4-3-3 動電位極化測試(Poteniodynamic polarization) 71
4-3-4 浸蝕測試(Immersion test) 75
4-3-5三點彎曲測試(Three-point Bending Test) 77
第五章 實驗結果與討論 80
5-1鐵鋅複合材料之不同製程 80
5-1-1鍍鋅鐵絲/無鍍鋅鐵絲捲成同心圓,兩片鋅片夾住,在不同條件下進行熱壓/冷壓 80
5-1-2純鋅及純鐵加工形成剉削後,將兩剉削依重量比1:1均勻混合後,進行熱壓/冷壓 92
5-1-3純鋅及純鐵加工形成剉削後,將兩剉削依重量比1:1均勻混合後,進行冷壓,再冷滾壓/熱滾壓 100
5-1-4純鋅及純鐵加工形成剉削後,將兩剉削依重量比1:1均勻混合後,進行冷壓,在進行不同條件的熱滾壓 105
5-2鐵鋅複合材料之性質與結果討論 118
5-2-1動電位極化曲線 119
5-2-1腐蝕表面形貌及元素分析 122
5-4浸泡測試 129
5-5三點彎曲測試 130
第六章 結論 132
第七章 參考資料 133
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