進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-0608201410470500
論文名稱(中文) 從居民角度探究社區能力及旅遊衝擊對社區旅遊發展之影響
論文名稱(英文) The Influences of Community Capacity and Tourism Impact on Community Tourism Development from The Perspective of Residents
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 彭礎瑤
研究生(英文) Chu-Yao Peng
學號 N76011267
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 95頁
口試委員 召集委員-黃章展
口試委員-衛萬明
口試委員-許毅璿
指導教授-張珩
中文關鍵字 社區旅遊  社區能力  旅遊衝擊  居民滿意度  居民發展旅遊態度 
英文關鍵字 Community Tourism  Community Capacity  Tourism Impact  Residents’ Satisaction  Residents’ Attitude 
學科別分類
中文摘要 社區旅遊強調以社區居民為主導,而社區亦為旅遊的場域,其在基礎整備上需要人員與設施,且整頓自然與文化環境資源。此種社區營造方式,對於社區的發展應為正面,且為社區規劃與社區發展之重要依據。但同時居民生活品質也可能受到影響,進而降低居民之滿意度與社區經營和活動的參與意願。「人」為進行社區旅遊之重要基礎,了解人與社區旅遊的關係,將有助於社區旅遊及相關政策的推動。

社區作為永續發展的基本實踐單位,不但符合世界趨勢,對於相關政策之推動亦是最直接有效的策略。本研究以台南市安平地區及孔廟地區等旅遊發展較興盛之七個社區進行問卷調查,總計回收324份有效問卷。本研究從社區旅遊觀點出發,運用結構方程模式(SEM)進行假設模式之驗證,藉以了解「人」與「社區旅遊發展」間之相互關係,以利社區旅遊持續發展。

經研究結果顯示社區能力、旅遊衝擊及滿意度皆對居民發展旅遊態度有顯著影響。為使社區旅遊能夠持續發展,讓居民有較正面的社區旅遊支持度,提升社區整體能力是至關重要的,其會直接或間接的影響居民的旅遊衝擊感知、居民滿意度以及旅遊支持態度。換言之,其影響過程最終將會影響居民對於社區旅遊發展的態度及行為。為了提升居民的支持、認同和參與意願,除了提升社區的能力外,永續發展以及社區旅遊的意義內涵應該優先並清楚的傳達給居民,提升居民對於此兩者的了解程度,並且加強居民的社區意識,即可能提升居民對於社區旅遊的態度,進而促使社區旅遊的持續發展,讓社區旅遊場域的建立得以更順利且永續進行。
英文摘要 Community tourism emphasizes community-oriented, and the community is also a field of tourism, which on the basis of the need for preparedness personnel and facilities, and to rectify the natural and cultural resources. Such community-building approach for the development of the community should be positive, and is an important basis for community planning and development. But the quality of life of residents may also be affected, thereby reducing operating and satisfaction with community participation in activities of the wishes of the residents. "Person" for the purpose of community-based tourism is important to understand the relationship between people and community tourism will help to promote community tourism and related policies.

This research takes Tainan as sampling area. Data were collected by one on one from the questionnaire in 7 community. The validity of the community capacity, tourism impact, satisfaction and tourism attitude were assessed using item analysis and factor analysis. To identity the effect were assessed using Strustural Equations Modeling(SEM), one-way ANOVA, and t-test.

By the study result, community capacity, tourism impact and satisfaction significantly affect the attitude toward tourism development of the residents. For the sustainable development of community tourism, so that residents have a more positive community tourism support and enhance the overall capacity of the community is essential, which will directly or indirectly affect the tourism impact, resident satisfaction and tourism supportive attitude.
論文目次 目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第貳章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 社區旅遊定義及特性 7
一、社區旅遊相關定義 7
二、生態旅遊相關定義 8
三、文化旅遊相關定義 9
四、小結 10
第二節 社區能力 11
一、社區的定義 11
二、社區能力的定義與特性 12
三、社區能力之面向 14
四、社區意識、社區依附與社區能力的關係 16
五、小結 18
第三節 旅遊衝擊 19
一、旅遊衝擊的定義與特性 19
二、旅遊衝擊的面向 20
三、旅遊衝擊的影響 20
四、小結 21
第三節 居民滿意度 22
一、滿意度的定義與特性 22
二、滿意度的影響關係 22
三、小結 23
第四節 居民發展旅遊態度 24
一、態度的定義與特性 24
二、居民旅遊態度之特性與關係 25
三、社會交換理論與居民發展旅遊態度 26
四、影響居民旅遊態度的面向 27
五、小結 27
第參章 研究設計 29
第一節 研究架構與假設 29
一、研究架構 29
二、研究主題與研究假設 30
第二節 問卷設計 32
一、社區能力 32
二、旅遊衝擊 32
三、居民滿意度 34
四、居民發展旅遊態度 34
第三節 研究範圍與母體 35
一、研究範圍 35
二、研究母體 35
三、抽樣設計 36
第四節 分析方法 37
一、項目分析與信度分析 37
二、因素分析 37
三、SEM(Structural Equation Modeling)結構方程模式 38
四、獨立樣本t檢定(t test) 38
五、單因子變異數分析(one-way ANOVA) 38
第肆章 研究結果 39
第一節 描述性統計 39
一、受訪者背景屬性 39
二、社區能力 40
三、旅遊衝擊 41
四、居民滿意度 42
五、居民旅遊發展態度 43
第二節 項目分析 44
第三節 因素分析 46
一、社區能力構念因素分析 46
二、旅遊衝擊知覺構念因素分析 48
三、居民發展旅遊態度構念因素分析 50
第四節 測量模式效度評估 53
一、整體模式樣本數 53
二、整體模式適配度檢視 53
三、測量模式分析評估 55
第四節 結構模式效度估計值 57
一、社區能力變數與測量指標間關係之估計值 57
二、旅遊衝擊變數與測量指標間關係之估計值 58
三、居民發展旅遊態度變數與測量指標間關係之估計值 58
四、居民滿意度變數與測量指標間關係之估計值 58
五、四構念間因果關係的路徑估計 59
第五節 不同背景屬性對社區能力評價之差異 59
一、背景屬性對社區能力評價之差異 59
二、背景屬性對居民旅遊衝擊之差異 63
三、背景屬性對居民滿意度之差異 66
四、背景屬性對居民發展旅遊態度之差異 69
第伍章 結果與討論 73
第一節 社區能力、旅遊衝擊、居民滿意度、居民旅遊態度之相關性 73
第二節 居民背景屬性對社區旅遊看法之影響 75
第陸章 結論與建議 79
第一節 結論 79
第二節 建議 83
參考文獻 85
附錄 93
參考文獻 一、外文文獻

Andereck, K. L., Valentine, K. M., Knopf, R. C., & Vogt, C. A. (2005). Residents’ perceptions of community tourism impacts. Annals of tourism research, 32(4), 1056-1076.
Andereck, K. L., & Vogt, C. A. (2000). The relationship between residents’ attitudes toward tourism and tourism development options. Journal of travel research, 39(1), 27-36.
Andriotis, K., & Vaughan, R. D. (2003). Urban residents’ attitudes toward tourism development: The case of Crete. Journal of travel research, 42(2), 172-185.
Ap, J. (1992). Residents' perceptions on tourism impacts. Annals of tourism research, 19(4), 665-690.
Ap, J., & Crompton, J. L. (1998). Developing and testing a tourism impact scale. Journal of travel research, 37(2), 120-130.
Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the evaluation of structural equation models. Journal of the academy of marketing science, 16(1), 74-94.
Balint, P. J. (2006). Improving community-based conservation near protected areas: the importance of development variables. Environmental Management, 38(1), 137-148.
Blackwell, R. D., Miniard, P. W., & Engel, J. F. (2001). Consumer behavior 9th.
Boo, S., & Busser, J. A. (2006). The hierarchical influence of visitor characteristics on tourism destination images. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 19(4), 55-67.
Bossel, H. (1999). Indicators for sustainable development: theory, method, applications: International Institute for Sustainable Development Winnipeg.
Bramwell, B., & Lane, B. (1993). Sustainable tourism: An evolving global approach. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1(1), 1-5.
Buanes, A., Jentoft, S., Maurstad, A., Søreng, S. U., & Runar Karlsen, G. (2005). Stakeholder participation in Norwegian coastal zone planning. Ocean & Coastal Management, 48(9), 658-669.
Butler, R. W. (1980). The concept of a tourist area cycle of evolution: implications for management of resources. The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien, 24(1), 5-12.
Chaskin, R. J. (2001). Building community capacity a definitional framework and case studies from a comprehensive community initiative. Urban Affairs Review, 36(3), 291-323.
Chavis, D. M., & Wandersman, A. (1990). Sense of community in the urban environment: A catalyst for participation and community development. American journal of community psychology, 18(1), 55-81.
Cheng, A. S., Kruger, L. E., & Daniels, S. E. (2003). " Place" as an integrating concept in natural resource politics: Propositions for a social science research agenda. Society &Natural Resources, 16(2), 87-104.
Claval, P., & Thompson, I. (1998). An introduction to regional geography: Blackwell Oxford.
Davis, D., Allen, J., & Cosenza, R. M. (1988). Segmenting local residents by their attitudes, interests, and opinions toward tourism. Journal of travel research, 27(2), 2-8.
Diamantis, D. (1997). The development of ecotourism and the necessity of using environmental auditing in its planning agenda. General Technical Report-Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service(NE-232), 19-23.
Doolittle, R. J., & MacDonald, D. (1978). Communication and a sense of community in a metropolitan neighborhood: A factor analytic examination. Communication Quarterly, 26(3), 2-7.
Dyer, P., Gursoy, D., Sharma, B., & Carter, J. (2007). Structural modeling of resident perceptions of tourism and associated development on the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Tourism Management, 28(2), 409-422.
Eagles, P. F., McCool, S. F., & Haynes, C. D. (2002). Sustainable tourism in protected areas: Guidelines for planning and management: IUCN.
Easterling, D. S. (2005). The residents' perspective in tourism research: a review and synthesis. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 17(4), 45-62.
Fallon, L. D., & Kriwoken, L. K. (2003). Community involvement in tourism infrastructure—the case of the Strahan Visitor Centre, Tasmania. Tourism Management, 24(3), 289-308.
Fornell, C. (1992). A national customer satisfaction barometer: The Swedish experience. Journal of marketing, 56(1).
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of marketing research, 382-388.
Gibbon, M. (1999). Meetings with meaning: health dynamics in rural Nepal. South Bank University.
Glickman, N. J., & Servon, L. J. (1998). More than bricks and sticks: Five components of community development corporation capacity. Housing Policy Debate, 9(3), 497-539.
Goodman, R. M., Speers, M. A., McLeroy, K., Fawcett, S., Kegler, M., Parker, E., . . . Wallerstein, N. (1998). Identifying and defining the dimensions of community capacity to provide a basis for measurement. Health Education & Behavior, 25(3), 258-278.
Green, G. P., & Haines, A. (2008). Asset Building and Community Development.
Gursoy, D., Chi, C. G., & Dyer, P. (2009). AN EXAMINATION OF LOCALS’ATTITUDES. Annals of tourism research, 36(4), 723-726.
Gursoy, D., Jurowski, C., & Uysal, M. (2002). Resident attitudes: A structural modeling approach. Annals of tourism research, 29(1), 79-105.
Gursoy, D., & Rutherford, D. G. (2004). Host attitudes toward tourism: An improved structural model. Annals of tourism research, 31(3), 495-516.
Hair, J. F. (2009). Multivariate data analysis.
Hall, C. M., & Page, S. J. (2003). The geography of tourism and recreation: environment, place and space: Routledge.
Harrill, R. (2004). Residents’ attitudes toward tourism development: A literature review with implications for tourism planning. Journal of Planning Literature, 18(3), 251-266.
Hempel, D. J. (1977). Consumer satisfaction with the home buying process: Conceptualization and measurement. The conceptualization of consumer satisfaction and dissatisfaction, 7.
Hillery, G. A. (1955). Definitions of community: Areas of agreement. Rural sociology, 20, 111-123.
Honey, M. (2008). 1 5 Setting Standards: Certification Programmes for Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism. Ecotourism and Conservation in the Americas, 234.
Hounslow, B. (2002). Community capacity building explained. Stronger Families Learning Exchange Bulletin, 1(1), 20-22.
Huang, Y.-H., & Stewart, W. P. (1996). Rural tourism development: Shifting basis of community solidarity. Journal of travel research, 34(4), 26-31.
Huayhuaca, C. a., Cottrell, S., Raadik, J., & Gradl, S. (2010). Resident perceptions of sustainable tourism development: Frankenwald Nature Park, Germany. International Journal of Tourism Policy, 3(2), 125-141.
Hummon, D. M. (1992). Community attachment: Springer.
Jurowski, C., Uysal, M., & Williams, D. R. (1997). A theoretical analysis of host community resident reactions to tourism. Journal of travel research, 36(2), 3-11.
Keller, S. (1968). The urban neighborhood: A sociological perspective (Vol. 33): Random House New York.
Ko, D.-W., & Stewart, W. P. (2002). A structural equation model of residents’ attitudes for tourism development. Tourism Management, 23(5), 521-530.
Kretzmann, J., & McKnight, J. P. (1996). Assets‐based community development. National Civic Review, 85(4), 23-29.
Lankford, S. V., & Howard, D. R. (1994). Developing a tourism impact attitude scale. Annals of tourism research, 21(1), 121-139.
Laverack, G. (2006). Evaluating community capacity: Visual representation and interpretation. Community development journal, 41(3), 266-276.
Lawson, R., Williams, J., Young, T., & Cossens, J. (1998). A comparison of residents' attitudes towards tourism in 10 New Zealand destinations. Tourism Management, 19(3), 247-256.
Lee, C.-K., Kang, S. K., Long, P., & Reisinger, Y. (2010). Residents' perceptions of casino impacts: A comparative study. Tourism Management, 31(2), 189-201.
Lepp, A. (2007). Residents’ attitudes towards tourism in Bigodi village, Uganda. Tourism Management, 28(3), 876-885.
Liu, J. C., & Var, T. (1986). Resident attitudes toward tourism impacts in Hawaii. Annals of tourism research, 13(2), 193-214.
Mak, W. W., Cheung, R. Y., & Law, L. S. (2009). Sense of community in Hong Kong: Relations with community-level characteristics and residents’ well-being. American journal of community psychology, 44(1-2), 80-92.
Mason, P., & Cheyne, J. (2000). Residents’ attitudes to proposed tourism development. Annals of tourism research, 27(2), 391-411.
Mayer, S. E. (1994). Building community capacity: The potential of community foundations: Rainbow Research, Incorporated.
McCool, S. F., & Martin, S. R. (1994). Community attachment and attitudes toward tourism development. Journal of travel research, 32(3), 29-34.
McMillan, D. W. (1996). Sense of community. Journal of community psychology, 24(4), 315-325.
McMillan, D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of community psychology, 14(1), 6-23.
Mehmetoglu, M., & Ellingsen, K. A. (2005). Do small-scale festivals adopt “market orientation” as a management philosophy? Event Management, 9(3), 119-132.
Moscardo, G. (2008). Building community capacity for tourism development: Cabi.
Mowforth, M., & Munt, I. (1998). Tourism and sustainability: new tourism in the Third World.
Nicholas, L. N., Thapa, B., & Ko, Y. J. (2009). RESIDENTS’PERSPECTIVES OF A WORLD HERITAGE SITE: The Pitons Management Area, St. Lucia. Annals of tourism research, 36(3), 390-412.
Nunkoo, R., & Ramkissoon, H. (2011). Developing a community support model for tourism. Annals of tourism research, 38(3), 964-988.
Nyaupane, G. P., Morais, D. B., & Dowler, L. (2006). The role of community involvement and number/type of visitors on tourism impacts: A controlled comparison of Annapurna, Nepal and Northwest Yunnan, China. Tourism Management, 27(6), 1373-1385.
Okazaki, E. (2008). A community-based tourism model: Its conception and use. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 16(5), 511-529.
Oliver, R. L. (1980). A cognitive model of the antecedents and consequences of satisfaction decisions. Journal of marketing research, 460-469.
Oliver, R. L., & DeSarbo, W. S. (1988). Response determinants in satisfaction judgments. Journal of consumer research, 495-507.
Orams, M. B. (1995). Towards a more desirable form of ecotourism. Tourism Management, 16(1), 3-8.
Oviedo‐Garcia, M., Castellanos‐Verdugo, M., & Martin‐Ruiz, D. (2008). Gaining residents' support for tourism and planning. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(2), 95-109.
Page, S., & Dowling, R. (2002). Ecotourism: Themes in tourism. Harlow: Prentice Hall.
Perdue, R. R., Long, P. T., & Allen, L. (1990). Resident support for tourism development. Annals of tourism research, 17(4), 586-599.
Plas, J. M., & Lewis, S. E. (1996). Environmental factors and sense of community in a planned town. American journal of community psychology, 24(1), 109-143.
Puczkó, L., & Rátz, T. (2000). Tourist and resident perceptions of the physical impacts of tourism at Lake Balaton, Hungary: issues for sustainable tourism management. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8(6), 458-478.
Reid, D. G., Mair, H., & George, W. (2004). Community tourism planning: A self-assessment instrument. Annals of tourism research, 31(3), 623-639.
Relph, E. (1976). Place and placelessness (Vol. 67): Pion London.
Richter, L., Pearce, D., & Butler, R. (1999). The politics of heritage tourism development: emerging issues for the new Millennium. Contemporary issues in tourism development., 108-126.
Rigdon, E. E. (2005). Structural equation modeling: nontraditional alternatives. Encyclopedia of statistics in behavioral science.
Ross, S., & Wall, G. (1999). Ecotourism: towards congruence between theory and practice. Tourism Management, 20(1), 123-132.
Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (2008). Community Organizing and Development, 4/e.
Sarason, S. B. (1974). The psychological sense of community: Prospects for a community psychology: Jossey-Bass.
Sebele, L. S. (2010). Community-based tourism ventures, benefits and challenges: Khama rhino sanctuary trust, central district, Botswana. Tourism Management, 31(1), 136-146.
Sharma, B., & Dyer, P. (2009). Residents' involvement in tourism and their perceptions of tourism impacts. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 16(3), 351-371.
Shrestha, R. K., Stein, T. V., & Clark, J. (2007). Valuing nature-based recreation in public natural areas of the Apalachicola River region, Florida. Journal of environmental management, 85(4), 977-985.
Simpson, M. C. (2008). Community benefit tourism initiatives—A conceptual oxymoron? Tourism Management, 29(1), 1-18.
Slocombe, D. S. (1993). Implementing ecosystem-based management: Development of theory, practice, and research for planning and managing a region. BioScience, 43(9), 612-622.
Smith, N., Littlejohns, L. B., & Thompson, D. (2001). Shaking out the cobwebs: insights into community capacity and its relation to health outcomes. Community development journal, 36(1), 30-41.
Teye, V., Sirakaya, E., & F Sönmez, S. (2002). Residents' attitudes toward tourism development. Annals of tourism research, 29(3), 668-688.
Tosun, C. (2006). Expected nature of community participation in tourism development. Tourism Management, 27(3), 493-504.
Tuan, Y.-F. (1974). Topophilia: A study of environmental perception, attitudes, and values: Columbia University Press.
Um, S., & Crompton, J. L. (1987). Measuring resident's attachment levels in a host community. Journal of travel research, 26(1), 27-29.
Unger, D. G., & Wandersman, A. (1985). The importance of neighbors: The social, cognitive, and affective components of neighboring. American journal of community psychology, 13(2), 139-169.
Vargas-Sánchez, A., de los Ángeles Plaza-Mejía, M., & Porras-Bueno, N. (2009). Understanding residents' attitudes toward the development of industrial tourism in a former mining community. Journal of travel research, 47(3), 373-387.
Velicer, W. F., & Fava, J. L. (1998). Affects of variable and subject sampling on factor pattern recovery. Psychological methods, 3(2), 231.
Verity, F. (2007). Community capacity Building-A review of the literature. Workforce planning, 1.
Weaver, D. B. (2005). Comprehensive and minimalist dimensions of ecotourism. Annals of tourism research, 32(2), 439-455.
Weaver, D. B. (2006). Sustainable tourism: Theory and practice: Routledge.
Weaver, D. B., & Lawton, L. J. (2007). Twenty years on: The state of contemporary ecotourism research. Tourism Management, 28(5), 1168-1179.
Wells, M. P., & Brandon, K. E. (1993). The principles and practice of buffer zones and local participation in biodiversity conservation. Ambio.
Williams, J., & Lawson, R. (2001). Community issues and resident opinions of tourism. Annals of tourism research, 28(2), 269-290.
Woodhouse, A. (2006). Social capital and economic development in regional Australia: A case study. Journal of rural studies, 22(1), 83-94.
Yoon, Y., Gursoy, D., & Chen, J. S. (2001). Validating a tourism development theory with structural equation modeling. Tourism Management, 22(4), 363-372.
Zeppel, H., Hall, C. M., & Weiler, B. (1992). Arts and heritage tourism. Special interest tourism., 47-68.
Zhang, H., & Lei, S. L. (2012). A structural model of residents’ intention to participate in ecotourism: The case of a wetland community. Tourism Management, 33(4), 916-925.

二、中文文獻

吳宗瓊, & 張匡勛. (2003). 觀光發展階段與產業依賴程度對觀光衝擊認知影響之探討: 戶外遊憩研究.
吳忠宏. (2006). 生態旅遊知覺, 態度與行為之因果關係研究-以荒野保護協會會員為例: 造園景觀學報.
吳明隆. (2007). SPSS 統計應用學習實務: 問卷分析與應用統計.
吳明隆, & 張毓仁. (2010). 結構方程模式: 實務應用秘笈.
李茂興、余伯泉譯. (1995). 社會心理學. 台北: 揚智.
林瑞欽, 王漢源, 劉邦富, & 黃松林. (1993). 都市新興社區居民之社區意識的發展研究-以台中市松安社區為例. 台北市: 內政部與台灣省政府社會處.
洪常明. (2004). 澎湖地區居民生態旅遊認知與發展生態旅遊態度之研究. 撰者.
宮崎清. (1995). 展開嶄新風貌的社區總體營造. 文化, 產業研討會暨社區總體營造中日交流展論文集》, 台灣省政府建設廳手工業研究所, 頁, 8-15.
徐震. (1979). 社區一詞的用法及其演進: 社區發展季刊.
徐震. (1995). 論社區意識與社區發展. 社會建設,(90), 頁, 4-12.
張春興. (1991). 現代心理學: 現代人研究自身問題的科學: 臺灣東華.
張春興. (2006). 張氏心理學辭典: 臺灣東華.
張進吉. (2005). 社區居民意識及態度對發展參與式生態旅遊策略影響之研究—以台南縣七股鄉龍山社區為例. 國立屏東科技大學農企業管理系碩士學位論文, 屏東.
郭俊良. (2004). 臺南市歷史性城區文化資產路徑與生活文化觀光建構之研究. 成功大學建築學系學位論文, 1-144.
陳沛悌, 裴蕾, 陳甫鼎, & 李正慧. (2008). 當地居民對觀光產業發展的態度以及影響居民態度之相關因素. 運動休閒餐旅研究, 3(2), 53-72.
陳其南. (1995). 社區總體營造與文化產業發展. 文化, 產業] 研討會暨社區總體營造中日交流展論文集》, 行政院文化建設委員會, 台北市.
陳明川. (2003). 社區居民對生態旅遊衝擊認知與發展態度之研究-以嘉義縣山美村為例.
陳思倫, & 郭柏村. (1995). 觀音山風景區居民對觀光開發影響認知之研究. 觀光研究學報, 1(2), 48-58.
黃源協, 蕭文高, & 劉素珍. (2009). 從 [社區發展] 到 [永續社區]–臺灣社區工作的檢視與省思.
楊明賢. (2002). 觀光學概論(第二版): 揚智出版社

賈式琛. (2005). 社區意識與地方依附感對生態旅遊發展態度影響之研究. 世新大學觀光學系碩士學位論文, 台北.
劉曄穎. (2002). 現居居民對觀光發展影響認知與態度之研究, 國立東華大學觀光暨遊憩管理學研究所碩士論文.
歐聖榮, & 顏宏旭. (1994). 金門地區觀光發展衝擊認知之研究. 戶外遊憩研究, 7(4), 61-89.
蕭文龍. (2009). 多變量分析最佳入門實用書(第二版):SPSS+LISREL.
顏家芝. (2006). 以地方社會結構爲基礎探討居民對生態旅遊影響之認知. 戶外遊憩研究, 19(3), 69-98.
羅明葵. (2003). 社區婦女休閒滿意與社區意識之關係探討. 體育學報(35), 257-265.


論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2016-09-05起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2016-09-05起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw