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系統識別號 U0026-0607201217482300
論文名稱(中文) 以模糊目標規劃為基礎之專案管理決策模式
論文名稱(英文) Decision Making Models for Project Management using FGP
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 胡睿婷
研究生(英文) Ruei-Ting Hu
學號 R36991103
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 79頁
口試委員 指導教授-王泰裕
口試委員-陳梁軒
口試委員-王逸琳
口試委員-林君維
中文關鍵字 專案管理決策  目標規劃  模糊理論 
英文關鍵字 Project Management Decisions  Goal Programming  Fuzzy Theory 
學科別分類
中文摘要   近年來,國際化的趨勢造就全球化市場快速發展以及資金密集的現象,亦使得專案管理的複雜程度與日俱增,而專案管理者如何有效進行決策,儼然已經成為專案是否成功的重要因素。若專案管理者單憑個人主觀進行決策模式,容易顯得雜亂無章,結果可能導致工作時程混亂、預算超支等,因此企業必須透過有效的專案管理決策模式來進行決策。此模式主要藉由時間及成本的權衡,增加部份資源,使企業能夠得到最佳的總目標達成度,同時在經濟上獲取最大利潤。
實務上,決策者所面臨的環境常具有不確定性因素,故決策者難以客觀的指定目標渴望水準值。因此,本研究主要目的在於根據營建產業實務情況擬定目標具有不同相對重要性與優先順序的情境,利用模糊目標規劃的方法建立一數學模式,在所有作業項目的成本、時間,以及限制條件皆為已知的確定值的情況下,考量目標達成的模糊性,設定其歸屬函數,並且設定不同的目標相對重要性及優先順序。利用本研究建立之模糊目標規劃模式,可以求得各目標達成度、各項參數以及目標值的最佳解。
透過本研究的實例驗證可以看出,該個案公司欲壓縮專案完工工期,會使得整體目標達成度下降,表示以成本換取時間的機會成本甚高,該策略不具有經濟效益。經由敏感度分析可以得知各項參數皆會對目標值產生影響,以管理者的角度觀之,即須有效排程規劃,以茲獲取最佳專案網路圖和作業邏輯關係,並且在執行專案的過程中改善作業流程、提升執行效率。本研究模式可以提供決策者在企業實務上執行一組最佳的可行方案。
英文摘要 In recent years, the trend of internalization not only leads to the high-speed market globalization and capital-intensive situation but also increases the complexity of the project management. If a project manager formulates strategies subjectively, the project schedule and the budget will be disordered and out of control. Consequently, business should make the policy through the effective decision making model. This study is mainly based on the trade-off of the time and cost to increase the resources. For this reason, business can both achieve the best degree of the goals and gain the most profit economically.
In fact, given the uncertain environment, decision-makers hardly allocate the aspiration levels of the objectives which they want to achieve. Thus, this study proposes a fuzzy goal programming approach with constructive scenarios which take the relative importance and the priority of business objectives into account. According to the parameters of crisp cost, time and constraints, one can set up the membership function of the total project cost, the total completion time and the total crashing cost. As a result, the corresponding optimal decision parameters and the degree of the goals can be obtained.
A case of construction project is used to demonstrate the validity of this model. The experimental results show that the crashing strategy is worst for the case. At last, the parameters will affect the optimal solution through the sensitivity analysis. As far as managers are concerned, they should obtain the best project schedule network and then improve the implement process. This study provides business with a series of optimal strategies.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍與限制 2
第四節 研究流程 3
第五節 論文大綱 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 專案管理 6
第二節 模糊集合理論 12
第三節 目標規劃 16
第四節 小結 20
第三章 模糊目標規劃之專案管理決策模式 22
第一節 問題描述 22
第二節 優先型目標規劃模式 34
第三節 模式求解 41
第四節 小結 43
第四章 實例驗證 45
第一節 個案公司環境簡介 45
第二節 個案公司資料說明與驗證 46
第三節 敏感度分析 59
第四節 小結 64
第五章 結論與建議 66
第一節 結論 66
第二節 未來研究方向與建議 67
參考文獻 69
附錄 73
參考文獻 中文部分
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英文部分
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