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系統識別號 U0026-0607201213134500
論文名稱(中文) 脫鉤指標評估太陽能遊艇發展現況
論文名稱(英文) Decoupling Indicators to Assess the Development Status of Solar Yacht
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 蔡庚叡
研究生(英文) Geng-Ruei Tsai
學號 na6964028
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 51頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃煌煇
口試委員-陳陽益
口試委員-陳冠良
口試委員-楊瑞源
中文關鍵字 太陽能  遊艇  能源密集度  CO2密集度  脫鉤指標 
英文關鍵字 solar energy  yacht  energy intensity  CO2 intensity  decoupling indicator 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究目的在於使用OECD 和 Tapio 脫鉤指標,估計當太陽能遊艇能量同柴油遊艇時,能源密集度、 CO2 密集度、 CO2 排放係數和價差。
能源密集度和 CO2 密集度部份,因為國際碳交易的建立,太陽能遊艇的能源消費隨能量增加而降低,加上 CO2 排放量遠小於柴油遊艇,因此脫鉤因子趨近於1,皆呈現絕對脫鉤和強脫鉤,顯見太陽能遊艇在能源消費上具有絕對優勢; CO2 排放係數部分,在 OECD 脫鉤指標為絕對脫鉤, Tapio 脫鉤指標則呈現擴張連結,於第三象限的中間,可見太陽能遊艇 CO2 排放量仍具有進步空間。
價差部分,求出同能量時 SC46 太陽能遊艇、電動遊艇的價位高於柴油遊艇,但是換算三種不同能源之船型每年花費,可得出柴油遊艇約二年等同電動遊艇,約四年等同太陽能遊艇,並再四年後等同可以購買新的柴油遊艇價位,可見太陽能遊艇不僅在空氣汙染、石油汙染、噪音汙染、能源消費具有絕對優勢,未來在價位上也具有較低的可能性。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to evaluate the energy intensity, CO2 intensity, CO2 emission coefficient and price when the energy of a solar yacht was equal to that of a diesel yacht. In this process, OECD and Tapio decoupling indicator analyses were used.
Regarding the energy intensity and CO2 intensity, decoupling factors were about 1, which revealed an indicator of decoupling and a strong decoupling pattern. This was because the carbon trading established caused the energy consumption of the solar yacht to be lower when energy growing and CO2 emissions were significantly lower than those of the diesel yacht. Regarding the CO2 emission coefficients, the results were decoupling and expansive coupling, which were in the third quadrant. This means that the CO2 emissions of the solar yacht still have range for improvement.
Regarding the price, the solar and electric yacht were more expensive than the diesel yacht when their energies were the same. The yearly cost of the diesel yacht, however, equated to those of the electric yacht and the solar yacht in the second and fourth years, respectively. Furthermore, the cost of the diesel yacht meant that a new one could be purchased after four years.
We can see the solar yacht not only has the advantage in air pollution, diesel pollution, noise pollution and energy consumption, but is also possibly lower in price in the future.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第 1 章 序論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 文章組織 3
第 2 章 文獻回顧.... 4
2.1 脫鉤指標(Decoupling) 4
2.2 OECD 脫鉤指標 5
2.3 Tapio 脫鉤指標 10
第 3 章 太陽能遊艇與柴油遊艇能量、 CO2 排放量換算比較 13
3.1 柴油遊艇 13
3.2 太陽能遊艇 17
3.3 同能量所需電力、耗電量、 CO2 排放量 23
3.4 脫鉤指標評估能源密集度、 CO2 密集度、 CO2 排放係數 27
第 4 章 價格 39
4.1 柴油遊艇 39
4.2 電動遊艇 40
4.3 太陽能遊艇 43
4.4 三種價格比較 45
4.5 效益比較 47
第 5 章 結論 48
5.1 結論 48
5.2 未來工作 49
參考文獻 50
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