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系統識別號 U0026-0602201812124400
論文名稱(中文) 單一油滴脫瀝青油的加熱與燃燒特性實驗分析
論文名稱(英文) Experimental studies on Heating and Burning of Single Droplet of Deasphalted Oil
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 106
學期 1
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 林建淳
研究生(英文) krishna ahuja
電子信箱 kahuja67@gmail.com
學號 P46047069
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 108頁
口試委員 指導教授-趙怡欽
共同指導教授-李約亨
口試委員-陳冠邦
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Suspended droplet  Expansion  Micro explosion  Swelling  Bubbling  Char particles  Ignition  Burning  DAO 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 In this research, single drop of heavy fuel oil series is used to investigate the evaporation and combustion characteristics to improve the combustion efficiency of the industrial furnace. This research consists of two experiments such as single suspended droplet experiment and thermogravimetrics analysis. The single suspended droplet experiment is used to investigate the evaporation behaviors of the single droplet in a stationary motion at three different high ambient temperatures and thermogravimetrics analysis is used to investigate the thermal behavior of the three oils under oxidation process.
The suspended droplet experiment of heavy oil series results showed that some admiring phenomena were founded such as, expansion, micro-explosion, ejection, bubbling, char formation. Increasing ambient temperature will be increasing evaporation rate, and a number of micro-explosion per sec, bubbling, swelling phenomena of heavy oil series and reducing the initial heat absorption period, droplet lifetime. The thermogravimetrics analysis result showed that the HFO is heated in three stages Low Temperature Oxidation (LTO), Fuel Decomposition (FD), and High Temperature Oxidation (HTO), DAO is heated in two stages LTO and HTO and Diesel has one step mechanism. We also found the combustion parameter such as ignition temperature, burnout temperature and combustion index. We saw that ignition temperature of DAO and Diesel is nearly same. But diesel have better combustion characteristics index than other two oils this means diesel can ignite easily and burn out. It shows that diesel is refine oil. Even ignition temperature of Diesel and DAO is nearly same but there is difference in burnout temperature. Because DAO have heavy fraction compound which needs high temperature to burn out. As HFO has low volatile matter, so the ignition temperature increases.
論文目次 Table of contents…………………………………………………………I
List of tables…………………………………………………….………IV
List of figures………..…………………………………………………...V Nomenclature…………………………………………………………...IX
1. Introduction ...........................................................................................1
1.1 Background and motivation of the study ............................................1
1.2 Objectives of study..............................................................................6
2. Literature review ...................................................................................8
2.1 Oils …………………………………………………………………..8
2.1.1 Deasphalted oil (DAO) ....................................................................8
2.1.2 Diesel ……………………………………………………………..12
2.1.3 Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) …………………………………………....13
2.2 Asphaltenes …………………………………………………………14
2.3 Review of Thermogravimetrics Analysis (TGA) …………………..15
2.4 Droplet Combustion ………………………………………………..17
3. Experimental Setup and Methodology ……………………………....25
3.1 Fuel Properties ……………………………………………………...25
3.2 Thermogravimetrics Analysis (TGA) ……………………………...27
3.2.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………27
3.2.2 Combustion Characteristics Analysis Method……………………28
3.3 Suspended Droplet Experiment …………………………………….30
4. Result and Discussion ………………………………………………..34
4.1 Thermogravimetrics Analysis ………………………………………34
4.1.1 Oxidation of HFO ………………………………………………...35
4.1.2 Oxidation of Diesel ……………………………………………….38
4.1.3 Oxidation of DAO ………………………………………………..39
4.2 Single Suspended Droplet ………………………………………….44
4.2.1 Thermal Behavior of HFO at 350oC ……………………………..46
4.2.2 Thermal Behavior of HFO at 450oC ……………………………..49
4.2.3 Thermal Behavior of HFO at 550oC ……………………………..52
4.2.4 Thermal Behavior of DAO at 350oC …………………………….55
4.2.5 Thermal Behavior of DAO at 450oC …………………………….58
4.2.6 Thermal Behavior of DAO at 550oC …………………………….61
4.2.7 Thermal Behavior of Diesel at 350oC …………………………...64
4.2.8 Thermal Behavior of Diesel at 450oC …………………………...66
4.2.9 Thermal Behavior of Diesel at 550oC …………………………...68
Conclusion ………………………………………………………….71
Future Scope ……………………………………………………..........73
References …………………………………………………………….74
Appendix ……………………………………………………………...90

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