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系統識別號 U0026-0602201414482700
論文名稱(中文) 台灣西南部前陸地區正斷層之運動學模式
論文名稱(英文) Kinematics of normal faults in foreland area, SW Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 郭湧鈐
研究生(英文) Young-Chien Kuo
學號 l46001044
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 115頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊耿明
口試委員-吳明賢
口試委員-林慶偉
中文關鍵字 正斷層  前陸地區  斷層滑移量  斷層連結  台灣西南部 
英文關鍵字 normal fault  foreland area  fault displacement  fault linkage  Southwest Taiwan 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣位於歐亞板塊與菲律賓海板塊之間的聚合型的板塊邊界,處於造山活動帶。位於台灣西南部的前陸地區,弧陸碰撞前屬於張裂盆地,最近一次的張裂活動在中新世中晚期,斷層持續活動至更新世早期。本研究利用斷層滑移量、亞倫斷層面圖與T-Z plot,探討斷層的形貌與兩條斷層的交互作用,再根據正斷層活動造成不同年代的地層落差變化,建立各正斷層系統自被動式大陸邊緣時期到前陸盆地時期的時空演化及生長發育模式。
本研究結果顯示中中新世不整合面和NN14的地層等時間厚度圖,受到正斷層作用影響,各斷層系統的上盤地層明顯增厚,在地層等厚圖彼此間呈現南北條狀分帶。在空間演化方面,北部斷層系統活動早期滑移量最大值偏向西側,晚期斷層活動滑移量最大值逐漸轉移至斷層東側。南邊斷層系統活動則往西移動。研究區域內兩期的斷層活動,分別為中新世晚期和上新世早期的斷層活動,早期斷層活動為快速的斷層活動,地層落差隨著深度快速變化,後期斷層的滑移量不大,地層落差在垂直方向上的變化也不明顯。
英文摘要 Before arc-continent collision, the foreland area in southwestern Taiwan was a rift basin. The normal faults developed through the period of the most recent orogeny. In this study, normal fault systems were analyzed with seismic interpretation, Allan map, or fault plane analysis, D-L profile and T-Z plot. Normal fault evolutionary history was constructed by the study of normal faults interaction and linkage. There are two stage of normal faulting. In Late Mid-Miocene, normal faulting was active. In the following stage till the end of normal faulting in the beginning of the Pleistocene, slip rate along the normal faults significantly reduced. Also, normal faulting was more active in the western part of the study area in the early stage, and gradually transferred to the east.
論文目次 考試合格證明書
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌謝 Ⅴ
目錄 Ⅵ
表目錄 Ⅸ
圖目錄 Ⅹ
第一章 前言 1
1.1研究目的 1
1.2區域地質 2
 1.2.1構造單元 2
 1.2.2岩性地層 5
第二章 前人研究 10
2.1一般研究 10
 2.1.1正斷層滑移量 10
 2.1.2單一正斷層生長 11
 2.1.3斷塊連接與發育 12
2.1.4 T-Z plot 13
2.2區域研究 15
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1震測解釋 22
3.2 亞倫斷層面圖 24
3.3斷層滑移剖面 25
3.4 T-Z plot計算 27
第四章 震測剖面解釋 32
4.1層序與震測解釋 32
4.2斷層系統 40
第五章 亞倫斷層面圖 43
5.1 B斷層系統 43
5.2椬梧斷層系統 48
5.3 E斷層系統 52
5.4朴子斷層系統 55
5.5 F斷層系統 57
5.6 K斷層系統 60
第六章 斷層滑移量分析 63
6.1 B斷層系統 67
6.2椬梧斷層系統 71
6.3 E斷層系統 74
6.4朴子斷層系統 76
6.5 F斷層系統 79
6.6 K斷層系統 81
第七章 T-Z plot 85
7.1 B斷層系統 85
7.2椬梧斷層系統 .87
7.3 E斷層系統 89
7.4朴子斷層系統 91
7.5 F斷層系統 93
7.6 K斷層系統 95
第八章 討論 98
8-1斷層活動初期發育模式 98
8-2震測剖面限制因素 103
8-3正斷層活動的演化模型 104
第九章 結論 110
參考文獻 111
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