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系統識別號 U0026-0601201703482100
論文名稱(中文) 認知策略性格與防禦性悲觀:中文化量表建構與員工效能探討
論文名稱(英文) Cognitive strategy personality and defensive pessimism: the development of Chinese version measurement and its effects on employee effectiviness
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Psychology
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 馮運
研究生(英文) Yun Feng
學號 U76033011
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 口試委員-任金剛
口試委員-林朱燕
指導教授-周麗芳
中文關鍵字 策略性格  防禦性悲觀  反思  負向預期  學習績效  職場效能 
英文關鍵字 strategy personality  defensive pessimism  reflection  negative expectation  academic performance  employee effectiveness 
學科別分類
中文摘要 防禦性悲觀策略性格的概念發展自樂觀與悲觀性格,由Norem與Cantor於1986年提出,指一類人面對壓力事件時,即使過去取得過成功,仍設置較低的預期水準,並反復思考事情的各種可能後果。本研究在強調謙卑、人際和諧的華人社會背景下,透過兩個實證研究進而: (1)發展防禦性悲觀中文化量表,探討樂觀者、防禦性悲觀者及悲觀者在性格、行為表現上的差異以檢驗量表效度效度;(2)探討三種不同的策略性格的特點、及職場背景下策略性格對員工效能的調節作用。
研究一,以234位大學生為對象,發現:(1)防禦性悲觀者的反思水準最高;負向期待與悲觀者無差異,但高於樂觀者。(2)防禦性悲觀者與樂觀者的學習績效無差異,均高於悲觀者。(3)三種同策略性格與大五等性格量表存在關聯,顯示此防禦性悲觀的測量具有可接受的效度。研究二,以248位矯正機關戒護人員為研究對象,發現防禦性悲觀的策略性格對知覺主管支持與工作滿意、工作滿意與離職意願間的作用均具有顯著的調節效果。說明了防禦性悲觀者在職場效能方面的優勢。最後討論了本研究之理論與實務貢獻、研究限制及未來可能的研究方向。
英文摘要 Besides optimism and pessimism, Norem and Cantor (1986) found another cognitive strategy: defensive pessimism, that individuals set low expectations and high reflections prior to entering a situation in order to prepare for potential failure and to motivate themselves to avoid it. Under Chinese culture which emphasizes modesty and harmony, we conducted two studies to:(1) develop a Chinese version measurement of defensive pessimism, compare its personality and behaviors with that of optimists’ and pessimists’ to verify its validity. (2) explore three kinds personality’s moderation effect in workplace. (3) The three kinds of personality had relation to the Big Five which shows an acceptable validity.
In study 1, with 234 undergraduate participants, we found that:(1) defensive pessimists had the highest reflection and had no difference with optimists’ but were better than pessimists’. In study 2, with 248 Taiwanese as sample, we found that defensive pessimism has moderate effect on perceived organizational support to job satisfaction as well as job satisfaction to rate of job-loading which showed the advantage of defensive pessimism personality. Finally, the contribution, limitation and practical significance of this research were discussed.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧與假設 5
第一節 防禦性悲觀 5
第二節 防禦性悲觀的測量 12
第三節 中文化防禦性悲觀測量的建構 14
第四節 防禦性悲觀策略性格與員工效能 21
第三章 研究一: 防禦性悲觀中文化量表的建構與假設驗證 24
第一節 研究參與者 24
第二節 研究程序 25
第三節 研究工具 26
第四節 資料分析 37
第五節 研究結果 38
第四章 研究二:防禦性悲觀策略性格與員工效能 51
第一節 研究參與者 51
第二節 研究程序 52
第三節 研究工具 53
第四節 資料分析 55
第五節 研究結果 57
第五章 討論與建議 66
第一節 結果討論 66
第二節 研究貢獻 69
第三節 研究限制 70
第四節 未來研究方向 70
中文參考文獻 71
英文參考文獻 72
附錄一:研究一問卷 77
附錄二:研究二問卷 84
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