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系統識別號 U0026-0508201816223900
論文名稱(中文) 有限高圓柱表面流場於臨界雷諾數之特性研究
論文名稱(英文) Investigations of Flow Around a Finite Circular Cylinder at Critical Reynolds Numbers
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 蔡佳樺
研究生(英文) Jia-Hua Tsai
學號 P46054359
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 142頁
口試委員 指導教授-苗君易
口試委員-周榮華
口試委員-呂宗行
口試委員-葉思沂
中文關鍵字 有限高圓柱  臨界雷諾數  阻力危機  風洞試驗 
英文關鍵字 Finite cylinder  Critical Reynolds numbers  Drag crisis  Wind tunnel Test 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究旨在研究臨界雷諾數下之有限高圓柱表面流場特性。透過風洞試驗探討量測有限高圓柱於不同高層之±90°與180°的壓力訊號,以判斷有限高圓柱流場隸屬於次臨界區、穩定單分離泡區、穩定雙分離泡區之分界,也透過Cpb與"Cp±90°差值"之變化相態圖,探討流場於過渡區間之特性。
另外,透過二維力平衡儀量測有限高圓柱與二維圓柱在不同表面粗糙度下於臨界雷諾數中的阻力係數與升力係數,並探討Drag crisis現象。由實驗結果發現有限高圓柱在不同粗糙度下,三維圓柱臨界雷諾數依舊有提早發生,並依舊存在著臨界區轉換現象。並透過阻力對升力變化圖,探討流場於過渡區間之特性。
最後,透過快速傅立葉轉換(FFT)與加總經驗模態分析法(EEMD)進行有限高圓柱各高層之±90°的壓力訊號的時頻分析,也透過相關性分析,對於尾流流場之三維性,有更多證據可以判斷與說明。
英文摘要 This study aims on the characteristics of flow field of a finite circular cylinder surface at critical Reynolds number. Experiments were made in a low-speed wind tunnel to measure the pressure signals of ±90° and 180° on a finite circular cylinder surface. The critical regime can be divided into four regions, which are the transition of subcritical regime to one-bubble regime, stable one-bubble regime, the transition of one-bubble regime to two-bubble regime and stable two-bubble regime. The instantaneous flow characteristics in the critical transition range can be discussed with the distributions of the real-time “Cpb & the difference of Cp±90°” data.
In addition, the drag coefficient and the lift coefficient in the critical Reynolds number of a finite cylinder and a two-dimensional cylinder are measured by a two-dimensional force balance, and drag crisis phenomenon is also discussed. From the experimental results, the critical transition phenomenon is delayed to higher Reynolds number for the finite smooth circular cylinder model, compared to that of the 2D smooth circular cylinder model. However, the situation was opposite for rough surface of 2D circular cylinder model and finite circular cylinder model. The instantaneous flow characteristics in the critical transition range can be discussed with the distributions of the real-time “CD & CL” data.
Finally, we analyzed the pressure signals and force signals by using the method of fast Fourier transform and ensemble empirical mode decomposition. We also used correlation analysis to get more evidences for the three-dimensional wake flow field.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IX
目錄 X
表目錄 XV
圖目錄 XVI
符號索引 XXVIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 文獻回顧 3
1.3.1 二維圓柱流場 3
1.3.2 有限高圓柱流場 6
1.3.3 表面粗糙度之影響 8
第二章 實驗設備與模型 11
2.1 風洞設備 11
2.1.1 內政部建研所環境風洞 11
2.1.2 低速開放式風洞 11
2.2 實驗用模型 12
2.2.1 有限高圓柱模型介紹 12
2.2.2 二維圓柱模型介紹 13
2.2.3 實驗座標定義與實驗模型角度劃分 13
2.2.4 壓力孔設置 13
2.3 皮托管 14
2.4 壓力轉換器 14
2.5 二維力平衡儀與放大器 15
2.6 資料擷取系統 16
2.7 手提式壓力校正器 16
2.8 布料與雷射掃描共軛交光譜顯微鏡 17
2.8.1 布料C05 17
2.8.2 布料C06 17
2.8.3 布料C22 18
第三章 實驗步驟與訊號分析 19
3.1 實驗步驟 19
3.2 實驗參數分析 20
3.2.1 雷諾數 20
3.2.2 無因次化頻率 21
3.2.3 壓力係數 21
3.2.4 阻力係數與升力係數 23
3.2.5 布料表面粗糙度參數 25
3.3 訊號分析 26
3.3.1 統計性訊號分析 26
3.3.2 相關性分析 27
3.3.3 快速傅立葉轉換 28
3.3.4 經驗模態分析法與加總經驗模態分解法 29
第四章 結果與討論 31
4.1 光滑表面有限高圓柱之流場於臨界雷諾數的現象探討 31
4.2 光滑表面有限高圓柱之臨界雷諾數的劃分 31
4.2.1 次臨界區轉單分離泡區之過渡區間(區域1) 33
4.2.2 穩定單分離泡區(區域2) 34
4.2.3 單分離泡區轉雙分離泡區之過渡區間(區域3) 35
4.2.4 穩定雙分離泡區(區域4) 36
4.2.5 本實驗與前研究比較 37
4.3 光滑表面有限高圓柱之阻力係數與升力係數探討 37
4.4 光滑表面有限高圓柱之瞬時訊號分析 39
4.4.1 次臨界區轉單分離泡區之過渡區間(區域1) 39
4.4.2 穩定單分離泡區(區域2) 41
4.4.3 單分離泡區轉雙分離泡區之過渡區間(區域3) 42
4.4.4 穩定雙分離泡區(區域4) 44
4.4.5 相關性分析 46
4.5 有限高圓柱表面粗糙度對流場現象探討 48
4.5.1 布料C05 48
4.5.2 布料C06 50
4.5.3 布料C22 51
4.6 二維圓柱與三維圓柱流場特性現象比較 53
4.6.1 二維圓柱套布料之實驗結果 53
4.6.2 探討二維圓柱與三維圓柱流場特性不同 54
第五章 結論與未來建議 56
5.1 結論 56
5.2 未來建議 57
參考文獻 59
表格 63
圖片 70

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