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系統識別號 U0026-0508201520272800
論文名稱(中文) 應用動作分析之實體介面設計於情侶共廚
論文名稱(英文) Applied motion analysis on TUI design for lovers cooking together
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 孫小涵
研究生(英文) Hsiao-Han Sun
學號 P36024077
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 91頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳豐光
口試委員-賴新喜
口試委員-唐玄輝
中文關鍵字 實體使用者介面  電腦輔助合作下廚  情侶  親密感 
英文關鍵字 TUI  CSCC  lovers  intimacy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來,由於普適運算(Ubiquitous computing)概念的出現,使得科技在智慧居家的應用更能貼近使用者的自然行為,其中又以智慧廚房是在智慧居家領域中廣為探討的方向之一。有別於過去工作性質較重的烹飪,科技的介入對於家事的合作及家庭的和諧有很大的幫助,更讓下廚這件事更具備了增進親密感、溝通、教育、娛樂及創意等意義。因此針對情侶及夫妻等具有伴侶關係之族群去進行智慧廚房的設計必然具有其意義及貢獻。電腦輔助合作工作(CSCW)便是在多人合作的環境中讓科技介入的狀況。研究顯示,CSCW不僅能提升工作效率及效能、降低時間與金錢成本、以及分享經驗與能力。社會學、社會心理學以及兩性關係等領域中,也一再強調合作與親密關係之間的關聯性。其中,良好的合作關係可以增進親密感、信任感、以及滿足感。
為了打破以往介面的限制,本研究認為利用環境中的實體物件作為實體使用者介面(TUI),並利用擴增實境作為系統回饋的方式,可以突破侷限於螢幕顯示的限制。本研究之目的為(一)期望利用圖形符碼取代對物件附加晶片之智慧廚房物件辨識方式,並與辨識技術結合、(二)透過歸納情侶共廚過程中可能的操作流程,達成未來物件辨識系統之創新、(三)藉由動作與流程建構出一套有助於合作的智慧廚房工作模型。
本研究透過觀察情侶一起下廚的動作與合作關係,彙整出烹飪的流程以及烹飪時的動作,使系統能夠理解使用者的行為。接著透過焦點族群與腦力激盪,去找出烹飪過程中有待解決的衝突、以及適當的回饋功能。在評估階段本研究同時執行了量化與質性的研究,(一)透過問卷去量化使用者對系統的接受度以及圖形碼的相容性、(二)利用半結構式訪談驗證問卷之結果。本研究希望透過這些研究方式,可以有效地評估此系統對輔助合作下廚的效果。
英文摘要 When the concept of ubiquitous computing emerged in recent year, it enabled the technologies to close to users’ natural behavior in family life. In many research, smart kitchen was one of aspects that being discussed among smart home. Different from the past, cooking was no longer a work for housewives. With the intervention of technologies, it helped the collaboration of housework and the harmony of family. It also endued cooking with intimacy, communications, educations, entertainments, and creativity. Therefore, it consequentially had the meanings and contribution to design smart kitchen for people with intimate relationship. CSCW was the way that system helped a group of people work together harmoniously. Researches showed that CSCW could not only improve the efficacy and efficiency of work, but reduce the cost of time and money, and help the sharing of ability and experience. In sociology, social psychology and interpersonal relationship, it increased the intimate relationship through collaboration. It was also helpful in enhancing trust and satisfaction.
In order to break the limitation of interfaces, it was believed that using physical objects in environment as TUI, and the mixed reality as ways of feedback could break the restriction. Thus, the purposes of study were (1) utilizing pattern codes as the way of recognition to replace RFID or IC tag; (2) inducing the possible steps and actions in lovers’ co-cooking to create new recognition way of system; (3) constructing a working model of smart kitchen by steps and actions which was helpful to collaboration.
This study summed up the co-cooking process and actions through observation for system to understand users, and then found out the conflicts to be resolved and appropriately feedback by focus group and brainstorming. In evaluation, the study conducted quantity and quality researches: (1) finding out the acceptance of technology and the compatibility of pattern codes by questionnaire; (2) verifying the results of questionnaire by semi-structure interview. Hoping these research methods could evaluate the effect of collaborative system effectively, and found out the improvement.
論文目次 摘要 i
SUMMARY ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS x
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.1.1 The Development of Smart Home in HCI 2
1.1.2 The CSCW and Intimate Relationship 2
1.2 Motivation 3
1.3 Purpose 4
1.4 The Scope of Study 5
1.5 Framework 6
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.1 The Development of TUI and HCI 8
2.1.1 The User Interface 8
2.1.2 The Recognition Technologies of Smart Home System 10
2.1.3 Analysis of Operating Motions 13
2.1.4 Brief Summary 13
2.2 Computer-Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW) 14
2.2.1 Activity Theory (AT) 15
2.2.2 The Workflow Models 16
2.2.3 The Factors of CSCW 16
2.2.4 Brief Summary 18
2.3 Co-cooking and Intimate Relationship of Lovers 19
2.3.1 Theory of Intimacy 19
2.3.2 The Relationship between HCI and Intimacy 20
2.3.3 The Collaborative Cooking 20
2.3.4 Brief Summary 21
2.4 Summary 21
CHAPTER 3 Method 22
3.1 The Outline of Experiments 22
3.1.1 The Process of Experiments 22
3.1.2 The Framework of Experiments 23
3.2 Previous Work: Co-cooking and Behavioral Analysis of Couples 24
3.2.1 Expert Interview 25
3.2.2 Participants 25
3.2.3 Process of Observation 25
3.2.4 Brief Summary 26
3.3 Experiment 1: The Design of Collaborative Smart Kitchen 28
3.3.1 Participants 28
3.3.2 Focus Group 29
3.3.3 Brainstorming 30
3.3.4 Co-design 31
3.3.5 Brief Summary 33
3.4 Experiment 2: The Evaluation of Collaborative Smart Kitchen 33
3.4.1 Participants 34
3.4.2 Process of Experiment 34
3.4.3 System Usability and Pattern Compatibility Questionnaire 35
3.4.4 Semi-structure Interview of Preference 35
3.4.5 Brief Summary 36
3.5 Summary 36
CHAPTER 4 Results 37
4.1 The Results of Collaborative Smart Kitchen Design 37
4.1.1 The Result of Focus Group 37
4.1.2 The Result of Brainstorming 38
4.1.3 The Result of Co-design 42
4.2 The Results of Evaluating System Design 50
4.2.1 The Result of pattern codes compatibility 50
4.2.2 The Result of Usability Questionnaire 53
CHAPTER 5 Discussion 54
5.1 The Design of System 54
5.2 The Evaluation of System 55
CHAPTER 6 Conclusion 58
6.1 The Limitation of Research 58
6.2 The Future work 58
6.3 The Conclusion 59
REFERENCES 60
Appendix A 4 Recipes 70
Appendix B Focus Group 71
Appendix C Brainstorming 75
Appendix D Co-design 81
Appendix E Questionnaire of evaluation experiment 88
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