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系統識別號 U0026-0508201513335000
論文名稱(中文) 汽車外觀視覺特徵與車內裝置擺放位置之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study of Exterior Visual Features and Interior Device Placements of the Vehicle
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 朱瓊珮
研究生(英文) Chiung-Pei Chu
學號 p38951165
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-馬敏元
共同指導教授-張育銘
口試委員-賴新喜
口試委員-陳國祥
口試委員-李傳房
口試委員-鄧怡莘
口試委員-何俊亨
中文關鍵字 感性工學  汽車造型意象  車用導航系統  眼跡追蹤系統 
英文關鍵字 Kansei engineering  car styling imagery  in-car GPS system  eye-tracking system 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著價值觀與文化的演進,每個時代,均有不同的代表性汽車造型,這些具有代表性的汽車造型皆蘊含某種意象、風格、與當時的主流價值觀。本研究將針對汽車外觀造型與內裝導航操作位置進行兩大研究方向探討,第一部份是以汽車外型正視圖為主要分析目標,探討消費者,對於去除廠牌標誌後之汽車正視圖,所關注的主要重點區塊。並以感性工學分析方法,將汽車外觀之造型意象,歸納為重要的感性語彙,以作為分析之重要依據。因此,本研究採用桌上型眼跡追蹤技術,追蹤消費者實際所關注的汽車造型元素與區塊,結合感性工學,歸納消費者的視覺意象與感性語彙,經統計分析後,建立對應之迴歸方程式與消費者關注的重點區塊。
第二部份則是以汽車內裝的車用GPS 導航系統進行研究,藉由提供駕駛者即時性的位置、方向與道路指引資訊,對於駕駛者提供了極大的協助,因此已經成為車上眾多設備中的熱門產品。在駕駛過程中同步使用導航設備將會帶來潛在的分心問題,為了探討駕駛分心及導航操作的情況,本研究不同於傳統問卷調查方式,採用行動式眼跡追蹤設備來記錄實際駕駛分心狀況與眼睛視覺落點位置,透過多個可能擺放的導航位置以及導航任務操作,從中探討不同擺放位置對任務操作時間與分心時間的顯著差異,透過研究結果可得知不同導航擺放位置將會大幅度影響駕駛人的操作時間與駕駛分心的情況進而影響駕駛安全。
透過本研究對於汽車內外裝二部份的探討,將其研究結果提供汽車造型設計師,設計所需之參考,同時提供駕駛者使用車用導航系統或其他可攜式電子設備,一個有效降低駕駛分心提高駕駛安全的適當擺放位置。
英文摘要 As human values and cultures have evolved, each era has created its own unique, representative vehicle body styles that embody certain imagery, trends, and the mainstream values of the time. In this study, vehicle appearance and shape, as well as in-car Global Positioning System (GPS) operation position, are selected as the topics for investigation. In the first section, a vehicle’s front view is used as the main target for analysis in order to investigate the main regions that draw consumer attention to the vehicle’s front after removing the manufacturer’s logo. In addition, the Kansei engineering analysis approach is used to summarize the imagery of the vehicle’s appearance and shape into an important perceptual vocabulary to be used as important criteria for analysis. Therefore, in this study, desktop eye-tracking technology is employed to track the elements and regions in vehicle appearance and shape that draw consumer attention, and the Kansei engineering approach is used to summarize the visual imagery and perceptual vocabulary of such consumers. After statistical analysis, the corresponding regression equation and major regions that draw consumer attention are established.
In-car GPS systems are investigated in the second section. With the ability to considerably assist drivers by providing real-time location, direction, and road guidance information, GPS devices have become one of the most popular electronic devices for vehicles. Concurrent use of GPS systems while driving can be a potential distraction problem. In order to investigate the relationship between distracted driving and GPS operation, this study uses a mobile eye-tracking device to record actual distracted driving status and the position of the eye gaze point; multiple possible positions for placing GPS systems and navigation operations are integrated to explore the significant differences in GPS operation time and distracted time attributed to different GPS positions. The study results reveal that different GPS positions can considerably affect operation time and distracted driving status, which in turn influences driving safety.
The study results from the discussion on the external style and internal device of the vehicle in the aforementioned sections provide reference information required by vehicle stylists for vehicle designs, and suggestions for suitable positions for in-car GPS systems or other portable electronic devices to effectively reduce distraction and enhance driving safety.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
Acknowledgements IV
Table of Contents V
List of Tables VIII
List of Figures IX

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Objectives 4
1.3 Research Limitations 5
1.4 Research Design and Structure 6

Chapter 2 Literature Review 7
2.1 Kansei Engineering Concept 7
2.2 Product Image and Shape 8
2.3 Eye Tracking System and Visual Feature Measurement 9
2.4 Global Positioning System (GPS) Concept 11
2.5 Concepts of Distracted Driving 14
2.6 Vehicle Driving Process and Workload 19

Chapter 3 Study of Visual Features for Vehicle Appearance 22
3.1 Investigation of Vehicle Appearance and Shape Features 22
3.1.1 Processing of evaluated line-drawn pictures 23
3.1.2 Processing of evaluated Kansei words 24
3.1.3 Product shape feature extraction 24
3.1.4 Reasoning product shape features 28
3.2 Analysis and Results 29
3.2.1 Feature analysis for car appearance and shape 29
3.2.2 The influence of subject’s background in feeling the car features 29
3.2.3 Exploring the visual features on cars’ front appearances 31
3.2.4 Comparing eye tracking devices and cognitive feelings on visual features 33

Chapter 4 Analysis of Display Size and Mounting Positions of In-car GPS Systems 41
4.1 Investigation of In-car Navigation System Position 41
4.2 Analysis of Different Positions of In-car GPS System 43
4.2.1 Predicted results for subjective evaluation questionnaires for three sizes 43
4.2.2 Post-experiment results 49

Chapter 5 The Practical Study of Driving Distraction with Five Mounting Positions of the GPS System 56
5.1 The Experiment of Mounting Positions of In-car GPS System 56
5.1.1 Experimental design 56
5.1.2 Experimental equipments 58
5.1.3 Test subjects 60
5.1.4 Experimental procedure 60
5.2 The Analysis of the Experimental Results 61
5.2.1 Comparison of task operating time for five mounting positions 62
5.2.2 Comparison of tasks operating time by gender 63
5.2.3 Comparison of task operating time by age 64
5.2.4 Comparison of drivers’ distraction time for different mounting positions 65
5.2.5 Comparison of drivers’ distraction time for five mounting positions 66
5.2.6 Comparison of driver’s distraction time by gender 67
5.2.7 Comparison of driver’s distraction time by age group 68
5.2.8 Comprehensive comparison of total distraction time 69

Chapter 6 Discussion 73
6.1 Vehicle Appearance and Shape Features 73
6.2 Driving Distraction and Mounting Positions of the GPS System 76

Chapter 7 Conclusions 80
7.1 Conclusions 80
7.2 Suggestions for Future Work 82

REFERENCES 85
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