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系統識別號 U0026-0508201417582800
論文名稱(中文) 電子溫度與密度探測器(TeNeP)的衛星模擬實驗
論文名稱(英文) Satellite Simulation Experiment for Electron Temperature and Density Probe (TeNeP)
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 太空與電漿科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 江國祥
研究生(英文) Guo-Siang Jiang
學號 la6011085
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳秋榮
共同指導教授-小山孝一郎
口試委員-西田靖
中文關鍵字 奈米衛星  電子溫度探測器  阻抗式探針  郎摩爾探針 
英文關鍵字 nano-satellite  electron temperature probe  impedance probe  Langmuir probe 
學科別分類
中文摘要 郎摩爾探針普遍被用來探測電離層特性的儀器,但是郎摩爾探針不適合用在奈米/微米衛星上。所以我們使用電子溫度與密度探測器(TeNeP)來量測電離層中的電子溫度和密度。TeNeP 是利用電子溫度探測器(ETP)和阻抗式探針(IP)的原理所製成。TeNeP 具有體積小、重量輕和低功耗的優點,可以符合奈米/微米衛星對儀器的要求。它可以克服郎摩爾探針(Langmuir Probe)在衛星導體面積不夠大的問題。我們發展出一個TeNeP 的系統,它利用微控制器和信號產生晶片來提供TeNeP 所需要的射頻訊號。並建立一個模擬衛星,來探討不同衛星導體表面面積對TeNeP 量測的影響。實驗結果證明TeNeP 的量測結果並不會受到衛星導體面積不夠大問題的影響。所以我們可以把TeNeP 安裝在奈米/微米衛星上來探測電離層的電子溫度與密度。
英文摘要 Langmuir probe is an instrument to measure the plasma characteristics in the ionosphere. But the Langmuir probe is inadequate to be deployed on nano/micro-satellites. To measure the electron temperature (Te) and electron density (Ne) in the ionosphere, we have developed the Electron Temperature and Density Probe (TeNeP). TeNeP combines the functions of the electron temperature probe (ETP) and the planar impedance probe (IP). TeNeP has advantages of small size, light weight and low power consumption and fulfills the instrument requirements onboard nano/micro-satellites. It also overcomes the problem associated with finite satellite/probe surface area ratio for DC Langmuir probes. We have developed TeNeP system by using a microcontroller and signal generator chip to produce the RF driving signal for the TeNeP circuits. We have also built a simulation satellite to investigate the effect of different satellite conductive surface area on the TeNeP measurements. We have demonstrated that the TeNeP measurements are not affected by different satellite conductive surface areas by conducting experiments in the Space Plasma Operation Chamber at the Plasma and Space Science Center of the National Cheng Kung University. Thus, TeNeP can be deployed on nano/micro-satellites to measure the electron temperature and density in the ionosphere.
論文目次 摘要 ........................................................................................................................... I
Abstract ................................................................................................................... II
誌謝 ......................................................................................................................... III
Content ................................................................................................................... IV
List of Tables .......................................................................................................... VI
List of Figures ........................................................................................................ VII
Chapter1 Introduction ....................................................................................... 1
1.1 Ionosphere ............................................................................................. 1
1.2 Plasma .................................................................................................... 3
1.3 Purpose of this thesis ............................................................................ 3
Chapter2 Langmuir Probe Theory ................................................................... 6
2.1 Principle of Langmuir Probe ............................................................... 6
2.1.1 Electron Current ........................................................................ 7
2.1.2 Ion Current ............................................................................... 10
2.1.3 I-V Curve .................................................................................. 14
2.2 Satellite Simulation with Langmuir Probe........................................ 18
Chapter3 ETP and IP Theory .......................................................................... 23
3.1 Electron Temperature Probe (ETP) .................................................. 23
3.1.1 Principle of Electron Temperature Probe .............................. 23
3.1.2 ETP System Configuration ...................................................... 28
3.1.3 Plasma Sheath Effect ............................................................... 29
3.2 Impedance Probe (IP) ......................................................................... 37
3.2.1 Principle of Impedance Probe ................................................. 37
3.2.2 Electrostatic wave from a short dipole in magnetized plasma
………………………………………………………………………………………………..38
3.2.3 Sheath Effect ............................................................................ 43
Chapter4 TeNeP System .................................................................................. 46
4.1 Electric Circuit Design ....................................................................... 46
4.2 TeNeP Board and Simulation Satellite .............................................. 59
4.3 Experimental Equipment ................................................................... 62
Chapter5 Experimental Results ...................................................................... 66
5.1 Comparison of Te and Ne measurement for Different Satellite Areas
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..67
5.2 Comparison of Te and Ne measurement between TeNeP and LP ... 78
5.3 Electron Density estimated from sheath impedance ........................ 80
Chapter6 Summary and Conclusions ............................................................. 84
References .............................................................................................................. 85
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