系統識別號 U0026-0507201616310900
論文名稱(中文) 都市地表不透水率空間型態與影響因素研究
論文名稱(英文) The spatial patterns and influenced factors of urban impervious surface ratio
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 廖晉賢
研究生(英文) Chin-Hsien Liao
學號 P28981037
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 169頁
口試委員 召集委員-陳亮全
中文關鍵字 與水共存  地表不透水率  空間型態  地理加權迴歸  雨洪管理模式 
英文關鍵字 Living with water  impervious surface ratio  spatial pattern  geographically weighted regression model  storm water management model 
中文摘要 在人類傾力與自然環境共處之際,極端氣候事件仍造成全球重大災害與損失,與水共存空間規劃途徑為空間規劃重要對策之一。如何控制都市地表不透水率為回應與水共存空間規劃途徑的關鍵指標。由於都市化造成地表不透水率增加,直接影響水循環更造成都市水災問題。但目前仍缺乏因地制宜的都市地表不透水率量測方法。這樣結果不僅造成推估水利工程規模產生資源浪費,更無法從源頭控管反映所應負擔零增逕流責任。有鑑於此,本研究建立回應其問題的量測模式,包含針對地表不透水率空間型態、影響變數與空間異質性問題,輔以地表不透水率量測法、地域型空間自相關分析、地理加權迴歸分析、A-C-B模式等方法,建構都市地表不透水率空間型態模式。本研究以台南市玉井區為實證地區,經研究發現,1.過去地表不透水率勘查方式,的確忽略對於空間型態影響;2. 建立以建蔽率、公告地價與基地面積的不透水表面率推估模式;3.提供未來掌握不同區位土地使用地表不透水率結構差異,以及因地制宜分類建議參考。最後運用雨洪管理模式(SWMM)結合基本地文與水文資料,透過不同地表不透水率強度,模擬四種地表不透水率情境包含自然地表情況、都市化情況、滯洪情況與不透水管制情況,進行洪峰流量分析。結果顯示,透過都市不透水控制與設置滯洪池情境有相似的減洪效果。本研究之成果有助於提供未來都市規劃者在考量土地使用規劃時,可依據不同都市地表不透水率空間型態,作為土地使用在考量都市不透水管制之研究基礎。
英文摘要 In a time where humanity increasingly must make an effort to live harmoniously in the natural world, the global toll from extreme natural events has become an important issue of living with water will become a new stratgies of spatial planning. Controling impervious surface ratio has been recognized as a key indicator in assessing living with water. Increased impervious surface area is a consequence of urbanization, with correspondent and significant effects on the hydrologic cycle and urban planning. However, there has been no urban impervious surface measures into an overall evaluation by urban planners. The consequence is not only exceeding the designed drainage systems but also ignoring the responsibility of decreased runoff by land use planning. The framework consists of integrated urban impervious surface models spatial pattern and variables, that, based on the spatial heterogeneity, are integrated as a framework for measuring the relative spatial pattern in urban impervious surface. This study is presented as impervious surface measures, local indicators of spatial association, geographically weighted regression model and A-C-B model. This research builds up an investigation method by sampling from different land use type of Tainan Yujing District. The results show spatial heterogeneity urban spatial development that affects urban impervious surface. The variables of area, land price and building coverage ratio associated with different land use impervious surface location types affect the impervious surface ratio. On the other hand, this studies integrated storm water management model(SWMM) to simulation different percentage of impervious area by several simulation scenarios. This integrated model could be a useful reference to help urban planners analyze, investigate, and adjust the percentage of impervious area by land use planning.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍與範疇 3
第三節 研究內容與流程 6
第二章 文獻回顧與理論方法 9
第一節 都市地表不透水率對水文影響 9
第二節 都市地表不透水率空間型態理論 24
第三節 都市地表不透水率量測方法 36
第三章 研究架構與方法 47
第一節 研究問題設計 47
第二節 量測問題 49
第三節 空間型態分類問題 59
第四節 空間不穩定特性問題 64
第四章 實證研究 72
第一節 都市地表不透水率資料分析 72
第二節 都市地表不透水率空間型態分析 79
第三節 都市地表不透水率影響變數分析 83
第四節 都市地表不透水率空間型態模式績效分析92
第五章 研究成果與政策意涵 113
第一節 都市地表不透水率空間分布概況 113
第二節 都市地表不透水率空間規劃政策意涵 136
第三節 都市地表不透水率空間型態量測檢討與省思 144
第六章 結論與建議 146
第一節 結論 146
第二節 建議 150
參考文獻 151
參考文獻 英文文獻
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