||Social Functions of Gossip on Facebook and Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy and Well-Being: Moderating Effect of Intensity of Use on Facebook
||Department of Psychology
Social functions of gossip
gossip on Facebook
intensity on Facebook
This study applies four functions of the social functions of gossip; including information, entertainment, influence, and friendship, to examine how these functions affect the academic self-efficacy and well-being of students when they gossip on Facebook. In addition, the moderating effect of intensity (number of hours spent daily on Facebook, and henceforth, “intensity”) on Facebook is used to explore the relationships between the social functions of gossip and academic self-efficacy, as well as the social functions of gossip and the well-being of students in universities in Taiwan. The results show that information functions have a positive relationship with academic self-efficacy. Similarly, the influence functions have a positive relationship with well-being. However, the moderating effect (intensity) on Facebook has a negative impact on the relationships between the social functions of gossip and academic self-efficacy, as well as the social functions of gossip and well-being. In more detail, the degree of intensity on Facebook has a specific amount of impact on the relationships between information function and academic self-efficacy: the entertainment function and well-being. This study contributes to the development of the social functions of gossip, and it is likewise very useful for research on psychological factors, attitudes, as well as the behavior of students when they join in gossiping activities on Facebook. In addition, the main purpose of this study is to lead students to participate in Facebook in a positive way. Implications and limitations discussed in this study.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research Objective and Questions 6
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.1 Social Functions of Gossip 8
A. The Definition of the Social Functions of Gossip 8
B. Dimensions of the Social functions of Gossip 10
2.1.1 Information functions 11
2.1.2 Entertainment functions 12
2.1.3 Influence functions 13
2.1.4 Friendship functions 14
C. Gossip on Facebook 16
2.2 Learning effectiveness: Academic self-efficacy 17
A. Academic self-efficacy 17
B. Social functions of Gossip and Academic self-efficacy 18
2.3 Life effectiveness: Well-Being 25
A. Well-being 25
B. Social functions of Gossip and Well-being 26
2.4 Intensity of Facebook Usage 33
A. Intensity of use of Facebook 33
B. Intensity use Facebook and the relationship between the Social functions of Gossip with Academic Self-efficacy and Well-being 33
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 36
3.1 Conceptual Model 36
3.2 Research Participants 37
3.3 Measurement 38
3.3.1 Social Functions of Gossip 38
3.3.2 Academic self-efficacy 42
3.3.3 Well-being 43
3.3.4 Intensity 44
3.3.5 Control variables 45
3.4 Data Analysis Process 50
3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics 50
3.4.2 Factor Analysis 50
3.4.3 Correlation Analysis 51
3.4.4 Regression Analysis 51
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS 52
4.1 Correlation 52
4.1.1 Control Variables with Each Other and Control Variables with Other Variables 55
4.1.2 Predictor Variables and Dependent Variables 55
4.1.3 Dependent Variables 56
4.2 Mean, Standard Deviation, and Pearson Correlation 56
4.3 Hierarchical Regression 57
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 65
5.1 Research Conclusions and Discussion 65
5.2 Research Contributions 68
5.3 Research Limitations and Future Directions 68
Appendix 1: English Questionnaire 79
Appendix 2: Vietnamese Questionnaire 85
BẢNG CÂU HỎI NGHIÊN CỨU LUẬN VĂN THẠC SĨ 85
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