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系統識別號 U0026-0409202009463200
論文名稱(中文) 以Spacemate密度指標探討都市商業空間的構成特性
論文名稱(英文) Exploring Composition of Urban Commerce Places Using Spacemate Density Measurements
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 黃雯棋
研究生(英文) Wen-Chi Huang
學號 P26064075
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 102頁
口試委員 口試委員-陳坤宏
口試委員-曾憲嫻
口試委員-張秀慈
口試委員-黃泰霖
指導教授-林漢良
中文關鍵字 Place  商業空間  商業活動  建成環境密度  Spacemate 
英文關鍵字 Place  Commercial place  Commercial activity  Density measurements  Spacemate 
學科別分類
中文摘要 都市可視為一有機的生態系統;社會、經濟及環境等次系統的交互作用會形成都市不同層次的都市空間結構。商業是經濟系統中產品及服務交換及消費的活動,其不僅為現今都市系統動態變化的重要驅動力之一,同時亦是創造都市地景及日常活動多樣性的重要要素。都市規劃的重要性係以實質空間的操作及規劃針對土地使用及活動進行有效的布局以及引導,然而從過往的經驗中,對於規劃將引導的商業形式以及相應的商業活動仍然無法有效地掌握,探討商業空間結構的實質空間構成則有其必要性。
本研究重新探討「place」概念對於一個空間結構單元主體的可描繪力,透過place在於過程、有機運作機制以及實質空間的構成等多層次的意義,作為都市商業空間結構的基礎理解,而後進一步以可連結都市計畫針對量體及使用規範的概念及語言,進行建成環境的空間結構探討。Spacemate為結合多密度指標及類型形態學概念的密度研究方法,其原理在於透過建蔽率、容積率、樓高及開放空間比率等相互有關係之密度指標在二維散布圖上產生的點資料集群,一般相近者在空間型態上相似,因而有助於改善過往密度方法在於量測的不確定性及並於都市型態的描繪上有顯著的解釋能力。且其採用之密度指標可有助於進一步連結都市計畫現況針對量體管制的描述及規範;因此,本研究以Spacemate方法探討商業空間建成環境在密度及實質型態的構成特性。
本研究以臺中市中心商業區(舊市區核心區)、公益路商圈(五期重劃區)及南七期地區商業中心為商業空間研究對象。研究結果說明不同商業空間在不同發展背景、脈絡及商業活動內容的組成,以及以Spacemate方法分析下各商業空間內密度指標及建築類型特性。
英文摘要 The urban planning system in Taiwan has relied on quantitative methods to address the control of land use and the spatial development capacity and density within cities. The losing notion of ‘place’ as defining and clarifying spatial units that embody related and complete activities to support the main function and role of the place, has caused more unanticipatedly spatial and functional disorders following the planning and zoning system within cities.
The research aims to redefine the descriptive ability of place towards the manifestation of functional characteristics and understand the relationship among activities, building typologies, and physical density of the built environment. The study takes commercial places as the main research object since commercial activity has created various and diverse commercial places due to the functional role and service level within cities and the physical spatial demands itself and has profoundly influenced the way of urban living in social, economic, and physical aspects. The method of defining places is based on the conclusion from previous definitions and the related analogies for places. Spacemate, a multivariate diagram developed by Meta Berghauser Pont and Per Haupt, is later used as the main tool to examine the relationship between building typologies and development density indexes, including ground space index, floor space index, open space ratio, and floors, which are also the main control subjects in Taiwan’s zoning system.
The study selects commercial places in Taichung City, Taiwan as the main research object including the Old City Centre, the 5th, and the 7th Urban Land Readjustment Area, as Taichung has grown in clear linear development and kept the commercial places developed in different ages.
The results of the study show different composition patterns of density measures and building typologies of each places, and that corresponds to different types of commercial activities or architectural characteristics as functional supports for the places.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究內容與流程 3
第三節 研究範圍與限制 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 「Place」的概念及相關理論 7
第二節 都市商業空間的構成及特性 15
第三節 原臺中市都市發展歷程及商業空間類型 30
第三章 研究方法及研究設計 35
第一節 研究方法 35
第二節 研究設計與說明 42
第四章 商業空間構成的梳理 50
第一節 中心商業區(舊市區核心區) 50
第二節 公益路商圈(五期) 56
第三節 地區商業中心(七期南側商業區) 61
第五章 商業空間的實質構成特性分析 67
第一節 中心商業區(舊市區核心區) 67
第二節 公益路商圈(五期) 78
第三節 南七期地區商業中心 91
第六章 結論與建議 96
第一節 研究結論與貢獻 96
第二節 後續研究建議 98
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