系統識別號 U0026-0409201719240800
論文名稱(中文) 奈米碳點搭配螢光光譜法偵測水中金屬陽離子之適切性與探討
論文名稱(英文) Appropriateness and Discussion of Fluorescent Detecting Metallic Cations in Water with Carbon Dots
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 化學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 陳彥夫
研究生(英文) Yan-Fu Chen
電子信箱 L38981052@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 L38981052
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 63頁
口試委員 指導教授-桂椿雄
中文關鍵字 奈米碳點(CDs)  螢光感測探針  金屬陽離子 
英文關鍵字 carbon dots (CDs)  fluorescent probe  metallic cations 
中文摘要 隨著當代化學分析方法的多元化發展,奈米材料在現今已被廣泛地應用於分析化學領域。奈米碳點(Carbon Dots, CDs)由於其特殊的光學與化學性質、低成本低毒性,以及良好的水溶性且易於製備,進而引起大量的關注。近年來大量的文獻報導CDs可以作為金屬陽離子的螢光感測探針,而大多數研究中最普遍的類別集中在如何製備CDs與利用其來檢測純水溶液或細胞生理系統中離子的存在。在複雜的水溶液基質中使用的適切性卻往往被忽略。本論文不僅將介紹CDs的製備和特性分析,還將討論使用CDs以螢光法檢測水樣中的金屬陽離子可能會產生的狀況。本研究以一鍋化方法合成修飾胺基與磷酸根的奈米碳點(PiNCDs)作為螢光探針檢測水中樣品的金屬陽離子,結果顯示相較於其他測試陽離子,鋅離子(Ⅱ)會顯著地增強PiNCDs之螢光強度,鐵離子(Ⅲ)和鉻離子(Ⅲ)會減弱其螢光強度。由於不同陽離子間或其他化學物質間的干擾與功能性CDs存在著競爭性相互作用,功能性CDs螢光檢測法可能僅適用於含多種陽離子水溶液的鐵離子半定量分析或是檢測只含單種金屬陽離子的水樣。在將來,這個問題有可能藉由使用多種對特定物種有反應的多功能化CDs進行交叉匹配測試來改善。
英文摘要 With diversified developments in methodology of contemporary chemical analysis, nanomaterials have been widely applied in analytical chemistry in nowadays. Carbon dots (CDs) have attracted enormous attention owing to their exceptional optical and chemical properties, low cost and toxicity, good aqueous solubility and easy preparation. CDs could be employed as fluorescent sensors for metallic cations, which were vastly reported by a lot of literatures in recent years. The most prevalent category of a majority of research are focused on how to prepare CDs and use CDs to detect the presence of ions in pure aqueous solution or cell physiological system. The appropriateness for using in complicated aqueous matrix is often neglected. In this dissertation, not only the preparation and characterization of CDs will be introduced, the situation of fluorescent sensing metallic cations in water samples by using CDs will also be discussed. Aminated and phosphorylated carbon dots (PiNCDs) have been synthesized with one-pot procedures and employed as fluorescent probes for detecting metallic cations in water. Compared with other tested cations, the fluorescence significantly enhanced by Zn2+ and quenched by Fe3+ and Cr3+, respectively. The fluorescent detection with functional CDs might merely be applicable for semi-quantitative analysis of Fe3+ in multi-cations aqueous solution or detecting water samples with single species of metallic cation, due to competitive interactions with functional CDs and interferences between different cations or other chemicals. In future, this problem might be improved and determined with cross-matching tests using several pluralistic functionalized CDs which could response to specific species.
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Preface- Advantages of Using Carbon Nanomaterials for Chemical Analysis 1
1.2 Motivation- Chemical Sensing in Water Samples by Fluorescent Carbon Dots 3
1.3 Research Framework 4
Chapter 2 Preparation and Characterization of Carbon Dots 4
2.1 Conspectus of Carbon dots (CDs) 5
2.2 Preparation of CDs 8
2.2.1 Reagents 8
2.2.2 Instrumentations 8
2.2.3 One-pot Fabrication of Functional CDs 10
2.3 Results and Discussion 12
2.3.1 Characterization of Functional CDs 12
2.3.2 The Influence of Reaction Conditions on QY of PL 22
2.4 Summary 26
Chapter 3 Carbon Dots as Analytical Tools 27
3.1 CDs for Fluorescent Detection of Metallic Cations 27
3.2 Results and Discussion 28
3.2.1 Functionalized CDs for Recognition of Metallic Cations 28
3.2.2 pH Condition for Detection 34
3.2.3 Ionic Strength Effect 35
3.2.4 Interactions of Multi-functionalized CDs (PiNCDs) 37
3.2.5 Quantitative Analysis and Selective Detection of Metallic Cations 40
3.3 Summary 47
Chapter 4 Conclusion 49
4.1 Feasibility for Analysis of Metallic Cations in Water 49
4.2 Future Works 50
References 51
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