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系統識別號 U0026-0409201402271000
論文名稱(中文) 近場通訊接觸及遙控平台設計及實作
論文名稱(英文) Design and Implementation of an NFC-based Touch and Control Platform
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電信管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Telecommunications and Management
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 陳威呈
研究生(英文) Wei-Cheng Chen
學號 R96991082
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 102頁
口試委員 口試委員-繆嘉新
口試委員-陳文字
口試委員-藍崑展
指導教授-李威勳
中文關鍵字 近場通訊技術  接觸及遙控  萬用遙控 
英文關鍵字 Near field communication (NFC)  touch and control  universal remote control 
學科別分類
中文摘要 越來越堆的電子設備支援遠端遙控功能,遙控的媒介從傳統的紅外線演化增加了Wi-Fi, 藍芽, Zigbee等新的無線通訊媒介,而智慧型手機整合了幾乎所有成熟的連線技術,另外其本身又具有強大的運算功能,及平易近人的控制介面,以及手機應用程式市集等特性,使得使用智慧型手機有成為萬用遙控器的可行性。
然而,設備種類的繁多,各有不同無線遙控的方式、品牌的不同與機種的不同亦造就了不同的控制編碼及方式使得通過手機進行萬用遙控變得困難,不少研究會透過中繼硬體設備做為控制訊號發射,以簡化其複雜度,但對於新產品設備的管理控制,手機程式都缺乏因應對策。
本論文提出了一個以近場通訊技術為基礎的手機萬用接觸及遙控平台(NTCP),本平台利用現今手機皆具備有的近場通訊技術,通過讀取標籤的方式搭配平台為基礎的概念,透過觸碰標籤啟動連接雲端伺服器取得目標設備定義檔後存放在手機內,手機應用程式透過自行定義的解析器將控制面板及對應控制碼呈現,該應用程式得以對設備清單動態進行管理,通過近場通訊精準取得資料特性、手機程式靈活特性,構建出一個能使使用者輕鬆管理的遙控平台。透過這個平台及定義語言的設計,開發者可以提供設備定義檔供使用者下載,使用者得透過手機程式方便控制設備並且管理控制清單及面板,節省維護成本,進而使平台達到永續經營的概念。
英文摘要 More and more electronic devices support remote control function. The communication media of remote control has evolved from the traditional infra-red to new wireless communication media, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee. On the other hand, smartphone has integrated almost all these kinds of communication technologies and has some features, such as powerful computing power, friendly user interface, and mobile applications market. Those features make smartphone be possible to replace the traditional remote controllers to be a universal remote controller.
However, the varieties of the heterogeneous devices with different methods for remote control, different brand, and different type, the control modes of them make universal control on smartphone difficult. Many researches use an inter-device to be a signal transmitter to simplify the complexity. Nevertheless, those kinds of Apps are lack of countermeasures for new products management and control.
This thesis is to propose an NFC touch and control platform (NTCP) for the smartphone to universally control heterogeneous devices. It utilizes the features of the NFC-enabled smartphones which have the capability of reading tag or smart card via near-field communication. The smartphone could connect to the servers to get the target devices profiles. With the XML-based Language (TCML), the App in smartphone would parser the file via parser we programmed and change them to control panel. The App also has list to manage them dynamically. Through features that are getting data precisely and easy to change in the App, we could establish an easy-used control platform for user. With the NTCP and open TCML, developers or vendors can upload the TCML compatible control profiles for users to download. Through the App, user can control devices easily and manage the panel and device list expediently. Also, it is cost saving and has concept for persistence operation.
論文目次 Abstract I
摘要 III
誌謝 V
Contents VI
List of Figure VIII
List of Table XI
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research background 1
1.2 Motivations 4
1.3 Goals 6
1.4 Challenges 6
1.5 Structure of this thesis 7
Chapter 2 Background knowledge and technologies 9
2.1 NFC 9
2.2 Communication modes 12
2.2.1 Infra-Red control 12
2.2.2 Bluetooth 14
2.2.3 Zigbee 14
2.2.4 Wi-Fi 14
2.2.5 Summary 16
2.3 Android 16
Chapter 3 Related works and current solutions 18
3.1 Smart phone universal control 18
3.2 NFC-based control 19
3.3 Middleware-based universal control 20
3.4 Other universal control related works 22
3.5 Summary 25
Chapter 4 NFC-based Touch and Control Platform (NTCP) 27
4.1 System requirements analysis 28
4.1.1 The touch and control scenarios 28
4.1.2 Use case analysis 29
4.2 Current product mechanisms 31
4.3 NUCP 34
4.4 TCML 40
4.5 NTCP server 48
Chapter 5 Design and implementation of the NTCP 50
5.1 Architecture design 50
5.1.1 System architecture 50
5.1.2 Design parts 51
5.2 Tag content 54
5.3 App in smartphone 56
5.4 NTCP server 73
5.5 Development environment 76
5.5.1 Hardware 76
5.5.2 Software 80
5.6 The scenario for demostration 81
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future works 87
Reference 90
Appendix 92
A-1 Touch and control (before market) 92
A-2 Future plan for the definition database tables: 96
A-3 NFC vs QR code 98
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