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系統識別號 U0026-0407201916410100
論文名稱(中文) 簡單回饋影響臉部情緒辨識表現之腦神經機制: 功能性磁振照影初探研究
論文名稱(英文) The Neural Mechanism of the Simple Feedback Effect on the Facial Emotion Recognition Performance: A Preliminary fMRI Study
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 行為醫學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Behavioral Medicine
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 林培維
研究生(英文) Pei-Wei Lin
學號 S86054017
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 107頁
口試委員 指導教授-余睿羚
口試委員-傅中玲
口試委員-胡中凡
中文關鍵字 臉部情緒辨識  簡單回饋  功能性磁振照影 
英文關鍵字 facial emotion recognition  simple feedback  functional magnetic resonance imaging 
學科別分類
中文摘要 目的:臉部情緒識能力對於推論他人當下的情緒狀態、意圖及決定下一步行動上扮演重要腳色(Adam et al, 2006)。過去研究指出透過簡單(告知研究參與者作答是否正確,並給予正確答案)或複雜回饋(告知作答是否正確,並告知該如何判斷該情緒,如:生氣的眉毛皺在一起)能夠提升個體臉部情緒辨識能力(Blanch-Hartigan et al., 2012)。然而,個體臉部情緒辨識能力在接受回饋過程中大腦之改變機制尚待釐清。本研究欲探究透過簡單回饋的方式是否能提升健康年輕成年人之臉部情緒辨識能力,並探討其背後之大腦機轉。
方法:本研究招募30位研究參與者,並採用台灣地區華人情緒與相關心理生理資料庫—專業表演者之臉部情緒圖片(陳建中等人,2013)設計情緒辨識作業,包括情緒辨識練習前階段(前測)、情緒辨識回饋學習階段、情緒辨識練習後階段(後測),同時使用功能性磁振照影探討情緒辨識能力進步之腦部機轉。
結果:簡單回饋方式能使個體之臉部情緒辨識能力進步(F = 12.91, p = .001, η2 = .332),特別是厭惡(F = 4.839, p = 0.036, η2 = 0.143)、生氣(F = 56.417, p < .001, η2 = 0.66)、害怕(F =22.648, p < .001, η2 = 0.602)、驚訝臉部情緒辨識能力(F = 17.427, p < .001, η2 = 0.375)。在腦影像的部分,整體情緒辨識作業在後測較前測在右側扣帶回區、右側運動輔助區、右側體感覺區域、左側腦島區域、右側額下回、右側額上回、左側額葉白質、右側胼胝體、右側緣上回、左側顳中回更加活化,而在右側視覺皮質區、右側殼核、左側梭狀回、左側旁海馬回、左側扣帶回後部區活化減低(FWE p < .05)。此外,厭惡表情辨識後測表現較前測佳,且後測時右側頂葉內側溝活化程度顯著較前測高(p < .0001);生氣表情辨識則是後測的左側腦島皮質區活化程度顯著較前測高(p < .0001);害怕的部分是後測的左側中央前回與左側海馬回區域活化程度顯著較前測低(p < .0001)。然而,驚訝的部分,後測與前測之間的腦區活化程度無顯著改變。
討論:本研究證實透過簡單回饋可以提升臉部情緒辨識能力,特別是厭惡、生氣、害怕、驚訝臉部情緒之辨識能力。其認知歷程是透過每次的練習,參與者收集臉部情緒線索與正確答案之間的關聯性,將自己所擁有的臉部情緒知識基模內容修正與調整,且把所學的知識類化至下次的判斷行動中(Blanch-Hartigan et al., 2012)。
本研究也發現整體情緒辨識後測表現相較於前測表現在右側扣帶回區、右側運動輔助區、右側體感覺區域、左側腦島區域、右側額下回、右側額上回、左側額葉白質、右側胼胝體、右側緣上回、左側顳中回更加活化,而右側視覺皮質區、右側殼核、左側梭狀回、左側旁海馬回、左側扣帶回後部區活化程度顯著減少。上述腦區域活化增加可能反映出參與者「透過不斷的試誤練習,所衍生出更佳的情緒辨識策略,與不斷練習修正臉部情緒基模,產生更正確的刺激-反應關聯性」(Habel et al., 2010),部分腦區活化減少可能反映出不斷的透過練習與重複進行某些認知活動,其較基礎的認知功能(如:視覺分析)會更進步,使情緒辨識能力表現進步(Gobel, Parrish, & Reber, 2011)。
英文摘要 The facial emotion recognition ability is the perception process of integrating the information, the facial cue, and the facial emotion semantic knowledge, to recognize the emotion. This study investigated the facial emotion recognition performance improve by the simple feedback practice and the neural activation variability of the performance improvement. Thirty participants were recruited and performed the facial emotion recognition test, which included the pre-test, the post-test, and the feedback practice stage. The result demonstrated the facial emotion recognition performance was improved after the simple feedback practice, with the right cingulate, the right supplementary motor cortex, the right somatosensory region, the left insula, the right inferior frontal gyrus, the right superior frontal gyrus, the left subgyral, the right corpus callosum, the right supramarginal gyrus, the left middle occipital gyrus more active and the right occipital region, the right putamen, the left fusiform gyrus, the left parahippocampus, the left posterior cingulate less active(FWE p < .05). The emotion recognition performance was improved possible due to the visual analysis more proficient and the specific strategies of the facial emotion recognition which participants made an effort.
論文目次 第壹章 緒論 1
第貳章 文獻回顧 2
第一節 臉部情緒辨識能力 2
第二節 臉部情緒辨識能力之發展與歷程 10
第三節 臉部情緒辨識的腦神經基礎 14
一、腦損傷研究(lesion study) 14
二、腦影像研究 24
第四節 提升情緒辨識能力之方式 32
一、臨床病人研究 32
二、健康人研究 36
第五節 臉部情緒辨識能力提升之腦神經機制 38
第參章 研究目的與假設 42
第肆章 研究方法 43
第一節 研究參與者 43
第二節 研究工具 43
一、功能性磁振照影(Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, fMRI) 43
二、臉部情緒辨識作業 44
第三節 研究流程 47
第四節 統計分析 49
一、行為表現資料 49
二、腦影像處理 49
第伍章 研究結果 51
第一節 行為表現資料(behavioral data) 51
一、 研究參與者人口學資料與行為表現資料 51
二、 簡單回饋對情緒辨識表現的影響 51
第二節 腦照影結果(functional image data) 52
一、 辨識六種基本臉部情緒時腦區活化情形 52
二、 後測與前測的腦區活化改變 54
第陸章 討論 56
第一節 臉部情緒辨識能力進步行為資料 56
第二節 臉部情緒辨識之腦活化情形 59
第三節 臉部情緒辨識之腦活化之前後測差異 62
第四節 研究限制與建議 70
第五節 總結 71
第柒章 參考文獻 73
第一節 中文文獻 73
第二節 英文文獻 73
圖 90
表 104
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