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系統識別號 U0026-0402201210335700
論文名稱(中文) 評估坑洞與交通流量之關係
論文名稱(英文) Evaluation of Relationship Between Potholes and Traffic Volume
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 蔡益智
研究生(英文) Yi-Chih Tsai
學號 n67981112
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-蕭志銘
口試委員-廖敏志
中文關鍵字 坑洞  交通流量  重車  緊急養護  一般養護  大型養護 
英文關鍵字 potholes  traffic volume  heavy trucks  emergency conservation  general conservation  large-scale conservation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 公路路面損壞破壞類型多樣,其中以坑洞對車輛行駛安全影響最深遠,國內對道路產生坑洞之機制尚未有完整研究及量化資料。目前有關坑洞產生與交通流量和荷重對之關係仍無深入研究,道路受超載重車之影響形成坑洞之相關研究仍然缺乏。本研究以國道1號南部路段98年10月至99年10月間交通資料初步評估交通荷重、交通量等外部因素與坑洞發生間之關係,研究結果發現坑洞面積分佈與重車數及重車分佈有關、新營段區間坑洞發生分佈北向車道發生坑洞面積分佈遠多於南下車道與北上重車數高於南下車道有關、岡山收費站前後坑洞面積分佈變化有顯著差異收費站南端受重車影響較大坑洞次數較多且嚴重性也較明顯,與重車大多集中於收費站南端有關,並建議施工單位依照現場坑洞狀況使用緊急養護、一般養護或大型養護之維修方式。
英文摘要 The road surface damage of various types of destruction, which the holes in the traffic safety impact is the most far-reaching domestic road to produce holes in the mechanism is not yet complete research and quantitative data. The holes generated with the traffic volume and load on the relationship still no in-depth study, the roads by overloading of heavy vehicles to the formation of potholes related research is still lacking. In this study, the National Highway No. 1, the southern section of the traffic data from October 1998 to October 1999 a preliminary assessment of the relationship between the traffic load, traffic and other external factors with potholes, the results showed that the pothole area of distribution of the number of heavy trucks and heavy vehicles related to the distribution of new entrants interval potholes by the distribution of the northbound lane pothole area of distribution of far more than the south lane and go northward number of heavy trucks higher than the south lane about the pothole area of distribution changes in Gangshan before and after the toll booths have significant differences in the southern end of the toll station heavy vehicles affect more and more obvious seriousness of the number of large potholes, and heavy trucks are mostly concentrated in the southern end of the toll station related, and suggested that the construction unit in accordance with the site pothole situation of emergency conservation, conservation or maintenance of large-scale conservation.
論文目次 摘要Ⅰ
誌謝Ⅳ
目錄Ⅴ
表目錄Ⅷ
圖目錄Ⅸ
第1章 緒論1-1
1-1前言 1-1
1-2研究動機1-2
1-3研究目的1-2
1-4研究範圍1-3
第2章 文獻回顧2-1
2-1柔性鋪面損壞與修補2-1
2-1-1柔性鋪面損壞型態2-1
2-1-2柔性鋪面損壞維修2-3
2-2柔性鋪面坑洞與維修2-4
2-2-1坑洞成因2-4
2-2-2坑洞嚴重程度分級2-5
2-3坑洞維修2-7
2-3-1輪胎滾壓法2-7
2-3-2半永久修補法 2-8
2-3-3噴入法2-10
2-3-4邊緣填封2-11
2-4載重與鋪面2-12
2-4-1軸重當量因子統計推導2-12
2-4-2軸重當量因子理論推導2-14
2-4-3超載對柔性鋪面使用期限的影響2-16
第3章 研究計畫3-1
3-1 研究流程3-1
3-2 研究範圍3-2
3-3 資料收集調查3-3
3-3-1交通量資料調查3-3
3-3-2車輛載重資料調查3-4
3-4現地試驗及量測評估3-4
3-4-1現地透水量試驗3-4
3-4-2車轍量試驗3-6
3-4-3縱、橫向坡度量測3-6
3-4-4 Clegg Hammer衝擊試驗3-7
3-5坑洞尺寸3-9
3-6破壞次數評估3-10
第4章 結果與討論4-1
4-1現地鋪面狀況4-1
4-1-1現地透水量試驗4-2
4-1-2車轍量量測4-3
4-1-3縱、橫向坡度量測4-4
4-1-4 Clegg衝擊試驗4-6
4-2交通量和荷重分析4-9
4-2-1基本資料4-9
4-2-2新營至高雄端區間車輛分佈情形4-14
4-2-3國道1號南部路段收費站地磅載重車輛分佈情形4-15
4-2-4國道1號南部路段坑洞分佈情形4-20
4-3坑洞維修方法4-23
4-3-1緊急養護4-23
4-3-1-1施工方法4-25
4-3-1-2注意事項4-27
4-3-2一般養護4-28
4-3-2-1施工方法4-29
4-3-2-2注意事項4-29
4-3-3大型養護4-30
4-3-3-1施工方法4-32
4-3-3-2注意事項4-32
第5章 結論與建議5-1
5-1結論5-1
5-2建議5-2
參考文獻 參-1
附錄 附-1
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