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系統識別號 U0026-0309201419552800
論文名稱(中文) 建築開窗工程碳排係數之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study on Carbon Footprint of Building Window Constructions
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 陳俊榤
研究生(英文) Chun-Chieh Chen
學號 N76014281
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-林憲德
口試委員-歐文生
口試委員-林子平
中文關鍵字 二氧化碳  帷幕牆  窗戶  CO2排放量  塑鋼 
英文關鍵字 carbon dioxide  curtain wall  window  carbon dioxide emission  fiber reinforced plastics 
學科別分類
中文摘要 摘 要

近年來地球環境危機層出不窮,臭氧層破洞、氣候大幅變遷、地球暖化等等環境中的變遷,使得我們不得不正視環境的議題。經由IPCC研究證明地球暖化確切與人類經濟生產活動節節相關,國際間也漸漸地意識到二氧化碳管控的重要性 。而關於二氧化碳的管制與排放都列入各國的公約(如京都議定書),管控、監控二氧化碳等溫室氣體排放量是近年來的一個環境意識的大趨勢。

建築產業在各個產業的二氧化碳排放量名列前茅,占全台排放量的三成。因此針對建築產業的二氧化碳的排放上,近年來在研究與監控部分付出了極大的心力。而在建立建築碳排放量資料庫上,及建設階段的二氧化碳的排放量的研究上都有所建樹。

本研究主要研究的部分著重在門窗部與帷幕牆這兩個部分,將其兩部分就現有的真實案例與產品,做相關的生產碳排放量計算分析,作為研究的數值參考。研究其斷面,實際計算斷面於風力、風壓的關係。設計或設計出門窗部與帷幕牆實際上對應於風壓的結構斷面,並推導出其碳排放量。

本研究即為擴充在建築營建階段的的門窗工程與部分帷幕牆工程的二氧化碳排放量之研究。經由斷面估算與碳排放量計算後,就可得知開窗工程在營建生產過程因材料使用而造成的環境負荷量。經由此計算出在對於地球環境的負荷中,營建工程中開窗工程的二氧化碳排放量。在窗戶方面,塑鋼窗單位碳排放量為11.19 kgCO₂ₑ /m²,鋁窗單位碳排放量為19.84 kgCO₂ₑ /m²,而不鏽鋼單位碳排放量為19.94 kgCO₂ₑ /m²。在帷幕牆方面,塑鋼帷幕牆單位碳排放量為23.07 kgCO₂ₑ /m²,而鋁帷幕牆單位碳排放量為30.23kgCO₂ₑ /m²,在不銹鋼帷幕牆單位碳排放量為39.63 kgCO₂ₑ /m²。因此塑鋼在材料的選擇中是對於地球環境較為友善的材料選擇,在鋁與不鏽鋼上則較為不友善。

關鍵字:二氧化碳、帷幕牆、窗戶、CO2排放量、塑鋼

英文摘要 A Study on Carbon Footprint Database of Building Window Constructions

Chun-Chieh Chen
Xian-De Lin
Department of Architecture National Cheng Kung University


SUMMARY
In recent years, the Earth's environmental crisis such as the hole in the ozone layer, climate changes, and global warming is rising up, and we have to face and take charge of it. IPCC have proved that the global warming is associated with human economic activities. The international community has gradually realized the importance of carbon dioxide emission control. To control and monitor carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions is a major trend in recent years of environmental consciousness.
The carbon dioxide emission of architecture construction industry comes out in front of all industries and it is thirty percent of Taiwan’s carbon dioxide emission. In recent years, administration devotes to studying and controlling the carbon dioxide emission in architecture construction industry. Now, the top priority job is to establish the carbon dioxide emission system database in architecture industry.

This research is to expand the study in carbon dioxide emissions of the architecture building constructions in the windows and the curtain walls constructions process. After the structure sections estimation and calculation in carbon dioxide emissions of production process, we could realize the environmental load that works in the windows and curtain walls constructions in production process caused by the materials used. By analyzing and calculating these data, we could find out that carbon dioxide emission in the windows constructions production decreases the environmental load. In the window constructions, the fiber reinforced plastics windows in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 11.19 kgCO₂ₑ / m², the aluminum windows in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 19.84 kgCO₂ₑ / m², and the stainless steel in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 19.94 kgCO₂ₑ / m². In terms of the curtain wall constructions , the fiber reinforced plastics curtain walls in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 23.07 kgCO₂ₑ / m², the aluminum curtain walls in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 30.23kgCO₂ₑ / m², and stainless steel curtain walls in production process is discharged carbon dioxide for 39.63 kgCO₂ₑ / m². In conclusion, fiber reinforced plastics must be friendly in the choice of materials for the environment. On the other hand, aluminum and stainless steel are unfriendly.

Key words: carbon dioxide ; curtain wall ; window ; carbon dioxide emission ; fiber reinforced plastics


INTRODUCTION

In recent years, the Earth's environmental crisis such as the hole in the ozone layer, climate changes, and global warming is rising up, and we have to face and take charge of it. IPCC have proved that the global warming is associated with human economic activities. The international community has gradually realized the importance of carbon dioxide emission control. To control and monitor carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions is a major trend in recent years of environmental consciousness.
The carbon dioxide emission of architecture construction industry comes out in front of all industries and it is thirty percent of Taiwan’s carbon dioxide emission. In recent years, administration devotes to studying and controlling the carbon dioxide emission in architecture construction industry. Now, the top priority job is to establish the carbon dioxide emission system database in architecture industry.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

To decrease the environmental load because of over-exploitation and industrial production, the research studys on reducing consumption energy and carbon dioxide emission in the windows and curtain walls in the assembly line of material production, materials manufactured. The research focuses on the carbon dioxide emission in the framework in the windows and the curtain walls. In materials, the windows and the curtain walls have many choices. By discussion and observation, we decide to focus on the aluminum, the stainless steel, and the fiber reinforced plastics.

The research is to expand the study in carbon dioxide emissions of the architecture building constructions in the windows and the curtain walls constructions process. After the structure sections estimation and calculation in carbon dioxide emissions of production process, we could realize the environmental load that works in the windows and curtain walls constructions in production process caused by the materials used. By analyzing and calculating these data, we could find out that carbon dioxide emission in the windows constructions production decreases the environmental load.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

In traditional windows, the fiber reinforced plastics are the best choice of materials in carbon dioxide emission analysis, and carbon dioxide emission of the fiber reinforced plastics are the half of the other materials. Aluminum and stainless steel in window construction are almost same in carbon dioxide emission, but stainless steel windows are more higher in carbon dioxide emission the aluminum.


In curtain walls, the fiber reinforced plastics are still the best choice of materials in carbon dioxide emission analysis like windows. On the other hand, the aluminum and the stainless steel make differences in carbon dioxide emission .The stainless steel windows are higher in carbon dioxide emission, and the carbon dioxide emission of the stainless steel windows is 10 kilogram per kilogram more than aluminum. In conclusion, the fiber reinforced plastics are the best choice of material to decrease the carbon dioxide emission, and the stainless steel is the worst choice of it.


CONCLUSION

In the system of architecture carbon dioxide emission evaluation, it is inadequate in the database of carbon dioxide emission in the second- manufactured architectural materials and architectural construction process. So, the research is to expand the carbon dioxide emission in the architectural windows construction and curtain walls construction. After the structure sections estimation and calculation in carbon dioxide emissions of production process, we could realize that the environmental load works in the windows and curtain walls constructions in production process caused by the materials used. In conclusion, the fiber reinforced plastics are most friendly choice of materials for the environment. On the other hand, aluminum and stainless steel are unfriendly.









論文目次 目錄
表目錄 III
圖目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 - 1 -
1-1 前言 - 1 -
1-2 研究動機與目的 - 2 -
1-3 研究範圍與對象 - 3 -
1-4研究流程 - 3 -
1-5 建築CO2排放量解析相關之文獻 - 5 -
1-6帷幕牆、窗戶系統簡述 - 14 -
1-6-1帷幕牆的定義: - 14 -
1-6-2 帷幕牆的種類 - 15 -
1-6-3 帷幕牆構築方式的分析 - 15 -
1-6-4 窗戶種類與構造 - 19 -
第二章 帷幕牆、窗戶耐風壓結構斷面估算 - 21 -
2-1 耐風壓結構性能要求規範 - 21 -
2-1-1帷幕牆耐風壓性能規範 - 21 -
2-1-2鋁窗CNS抗風壓規範: - 22 -
2-1-3鋼窗CNS抗風壓規範: - 23 -
2-1-4塑鋼窗CNS抗風壓規範: - 24 -
2-2 帷幕牆、窗戶耐風壓結構性能 - 24 -
2-3 帷幕牆、窗戶結構簡支梁簡算法 - 25 -
2-4 帷幕牆、窗戶碳排推估算式原理 - 27 -
第三章 窗戶、帷幕牆二氧化碳排放量計算 - 42 -
3-1 窗戶 / 帷幕牆實際廠商產品蒐集分析 - 42 -
3-1-1鋁窗實際產品斷面尺寸 - 42 -
3-1-2不鏽鋼窗實際產品斷面尺寸 - 44 -
3-1-3塑鋼窗實際產品斷面尺寸 - 46 -
3-1-4 帷幕牆實際產品斷面尺寸 - 50 -
3-2 窗戶 / 帷幕牆二氧化碳排放量推估模型建立計算 - 51 -
3-3 窗戶 / 帷幕牆實際二氧化碳排放量計算 - 61 -
3-4 小結 - 69 -
第四章 結論與建議 - 71 -
4-1 結論 - 71 -
4-2 建議 - 72 -
參考文獻 - 73 -
附錄 - 75 -
附錄A 帷幕牆簡支梁法推導過程 - 75 -
附錄B窗戶簡支梁法推導過程 - 79 -
附錄C鋁窗窗扇窗戶簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 82 -
附錄D鋁帷幕牆斷面簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 85 -
附錄E 不鏽鋼窗窗扇窗戶簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 86 -
附錄F不鏽鋼帷幕牆斷面簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 89 -
附錄G 塑鋼窗窗扇鍍鋅鋼補強材簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 90 -
附錄H 塑鋼窗帷幕牆鍍鋅鋼補強材簡支梁法斷面尺寸推導表格 - 93 -
附錄I 二氧化碳排放量帷幕牆/窗戶模型撓度確認表格 - 94 -
參考文獻 參考文獻
中文文獻
[1] 劉漢卿,民83,建築生命週期能源消費與溫室氣體排放量分析
[2] 楊旭照,民85,建築物之耗能與環境衝擊解析
[3] 張又升,民91,建築物生命週期CO2減量評估。
[4] 歐文生,民93,住宅及辦公建築室內裝修CO2減量評估。
[5] 趙又嬋,民93,百貨公司室內裝修生命週期CO2排放量評估。
[6] 曾正雄,民95,公寓住宅設備管線CO2排放量評估。
[7] 王育忠,民96,建築空調設備生命週期CO2排放量評估。
[8] 陳新欣,民96,辦公大樓設備管線CO2排放量評估。
[9] 陳彥深,民98,低CO2排放量建築設計策略與構法之研究。
[10] 林士豪,民99,辦公建築低碳構造單元之研究-以不同結構體為例。
[11] 張惇涵,民101,舊建築再利用二氧化碳減量效益之研究。
[12] 翁以欣,民102,台灣建材碳足跡資料庫盤查方法之研究。
[13] 鄭巧欣,民102,建築物軀體工程碳排構成分析-以南部地區住宅、學校、辦公建築為例。
[14] 陳震宇,民89,帷幕牆安裝鐵件接合機制之探討。
[15] 薛丞堯,民91,國內點支乘玻璃帷幕牆施工精度控制之研究。
[16] 劉慶男,民91,建築物預製金屬帷幕牆施工安裝作業手冊。
[17] 紀志旻,民92,帷幕牆不同構法間介面整合之研究。
[18] 黃仁威,民99,直橫料式金屬帷幕牆外牆更新工法之研究。
[19] 建築生命週期CO2排放量評估之研究—辦公建築使用階段CO2排放量解析,內政部建築研究所協同研究報告,民95。
[20] 金屬帷幕牆設計技術手冊之編定,內政部建築研究所委託研究報告,民92。

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