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系統識別號 U0026-0309201204293100
論文名稱(中文) 築紙──以紙為主題的永續材料設計
論文名稱(英文) Paper tectonics : sustainable design in paper
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 張吾玉
研究生(英文) Wu-Yu Chang
學號 N76991019
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 141頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄭泰昇
口試委員-劉舜仁
口試委員-賴怡成
中文關鍵字   紙構築  永續材料 
英文關鍵字 Paper  paper tectonics  sustainable materials 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在能源與資源在現在面臨耗竭危機的情況下,環境保護已經是任何設計必須考量的要點,發展永續的綠色資源是現在的趨勢,如何在綠色資源中定位使設計成為綠色設計、產品成為綠色產品是一議題。
建築是一碎化的複合體,建築的生命週期是多重材料的生命週期集合體。其中現有材料若能以環保的綠能材料取代,則可塑造綠色建築生命週期。
本文主旨在於探討以「紙」,此種綠色材料作為建築材料的發展性與適用性,目標是能夠使用紙或紙搭配複合材料創造出不同質感與功能的綠色空間,由於紙是一種可回收的材料,並且富有環保、輕便、易施作等等性質,就建築生命週期三步驟「製造(Manufacturing)」、「使用(use)」、「廢棄(Demolition)」來檢討皆為良性的綠色建築材料,並研究紙構築不同組構的方式探討紙的結構性,使其應用層面並非僅限於面材或家具,而能提昇到建築層級,期望紙的使用可以為現今建築材料高耗能的狀況創造新的方向。
本文將由現今綠色資源趨勢進行整體環境的概述,由建構人類社會的「產品」切入「生命週期」的概念,評斷產品材料以及設計是否達到節能環保的「綠色生命週期」,並選用紙作為綠色材料,由尺度、綠色生命週期模式、構造方法三個向度進行分類後進行設計,本文最終目的為將紙使用到建築材料上,故設計將就構造方法進行發想與設計,並實作模型進行檢討與討論。
英文摘要 This paper starts from a general idea of green resources and discusses the concept of life cycle from products. Then it evaluates whether the design and materials achieve green life cycle. The design research selects paper as a green material and analyzes its scale, green life cycle model, and tectonics. The final goal is to use paper as building materials. The design process starts from paper tectonics and implements real scale mock-ups for review and discussion.
Under the crisis of energy and resource consumption, environmental protection is the concept that every design should consider. To develop sustainable green energy sources has become a trend nowadays. One of the significant issues is to make design products green and sustainable. A building as a design product is the combination of several
components. A building’s life cycle is the composite of many materials’ ones.
Replacing existing materials with green ones can create a green life cycle. This research presents the development ability and adaptabi
lity to use paper as a green building material. The purpose is to utilize only paper or paper with other composite materials to create a green space with different atmospheres and functions. Paper is recyclable, eco-friendly, light-weighted, and easy to assemble. From the point of view of building life cycle’s three steps-manufacturing, use, and demolition, paper is a green building material. This research studies paper tectonics and structural properties to using paper not only on surface materials and furniture but also on building components. Because of building materials consume a lot of energy nowadays; this research envisions that the use of paper as a green material can create a new direction for the world.
論文目次 中英文摘要
謝誌
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
1. 緒論 ...................................................1
1.1. 研究背景及動機:綠色資源趨勢............................. 2
1.1.1. 產品 ...............................................3
1.1.2. 生命週期 ............................................4
1.2. 研究目標:以搖籃到搖籃為基礎的綠色生命週期及其應用 ...........5
1.2.1. 搖籃到搖籃 ..........................................6
1.2.2. 綠色生命週期 ........................................8
1.3. 研究議題:使用綠色材料的綠色建築生命週期 ..................13
1.3.1. 綠色建築生命週期 ....................................14
1.3.2. 綠色材料........................................... 16
1.3.3. 紙作為綠色材料 ......................................18
1.3.4. 議題.............................................. 19
1.4. 研究架構............................................. 20
2. 綠色材料評估、綠色建築生命週期與案例回顧分析 .................23
2.1. 綠色材料條件評估...................................... 25
2.2. 紙的綠色材料評估...................................... 29
2.2.1. 第一部分:綠色材料必要條件............................ 30
2.2.2. 第二部分:綠色材料生命週期 ............................32
2.2.3. 小結─以紙作為綠色建築材料 ............................34
2.3. 紙相關設計回顧 ........................................37
2.3.1. 物件 ..............................................38
2.3.2. 家具 ..............................................41
2.3.3. 建築 ..............................................45
2.4. 小結─紙相關設計分類................................... 55
2.4.1. 尺度 ..............................................56
2.4.2. 綠色生命週期模式.....................................57
2.4.3. 構造方法 ...........................................58
3. 築紙 ..................................................61
3.1. 紙材料特性與限制 ......................................63
3.1.1. 紙的性質 ...........................................64
3.1.2. 紙的適用性 .........................................68
3.2. 紙的設計性 ...........................................71
3.2.1. 榫結構 .............................................72
3.2.2. 疊結構 .............................................74
3.2.3. 摺結構 .............................................76
3.2.4. 編結構 .............................................78
3.2.5. 塑結構 .............................................79
3.3. 複合材料的條件與使用原則 ................................81
3.3.1. 補強不足處 .........................................82
3.3.2. 加強特殊性......................................... 83
4. 設計 ..................................................85
4.1. 設計A ...............................................88
4.1.1. 概念 ..............................................89
4.1.2. 組構重點 ...........................................91
4.1.3. 設計檢討 ...........................................92
4.2. 設計B ...............................................94
4.2.1. 概念 ..............................................95
4.2.2. 組構重點........................................... 96
4.2.3. 設計檢討 ...........................................98
4.3. 設計C.............................................. 100
4.3.1. 概念 .............................................101
4.3.2. 組構重點 ..........................................102
4.3.3. 設計檢討 ..........................................103
4.4. 設計D ..............................................104
4.4.1. 概念............................................. 105
4.4.2. 組構重點 ..........................................107
4.4.3. 設計檢討 ..........................................108
4.5. 設計E ..............................................110
4.5.1. 概念 .............................................111
4.5.2. 組構重點 ..........................................112
4.5.3. 設計檢討 ..........................................114
4.6. 設計F ..............................................116
4.6.1. 概念 .............................................117
4.6.2. 組構重點 ..........................................118
4.6.3. 設計檢討 ..........................................119
4.7. 設計G ..............................................120
4.7.1. 概念 .............................................121
4.7.2. 組構重點 ..........................................122
4.7.3. 設計檢討 ..........................................123
5. 討論 .................................................125
5.1. 紙的實用性.......................................... 127
5.2. 紙的技術性 ..........................................128
5.3. 紙的產業趨勢 .........................................130
5.4. 紙的設計 ............................................132
6. Conclusion ...........................................135
參考資料 .................................................137
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