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系統識別號 U0026-0308201715270700
論文名稱(中文) 多孔隙瀝青混凝土及石膠泥瀝青混凝土之績效評估
論文名稱(英文) Performance Evaluation of Porous Asphalt Concrete(PAC) and Stone Mastic Asphalt(SMA)
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 趙家賢
研究生(英文) Chia-Hsien Chao
學號 N67041027
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 185頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-夏明勝
口試委員-廖敏志
中文關鍵字 多孔隙瀝青混凝土  石膠泥瀝青混凝土  鋪面績效 
英文關鍵字 Porous Asphalt Concrete  Stone Mastic Asphalt  performance evaluation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來臺灣深受極端氣候影響,降雨強度與頻率存有增加趨勢,道路上的雨水常宣洩不及而積水,有時造成鋪面受水侵害而發生粒料剝脫和坑洞等破壞,影響行車安全性。在柔性鋪面材料中,由開放級配(Open-Graded)所構成之多孔隙瀝青混凝土(Porous Asphalt Concrete , PAC)具有高孔隙率及透水性,可將雨水排除,減少水霧現象;另外,由跳躍級配(Gap-Graded)所構成之石膠泥瀝青混凝土(Stone Mastic Asphalt , SMA)具有良好互鎖作用。本研究探討PAC及SMA鋪面於高速公路上之績效表現,鋪面績效指標可分功能性(Functionality)、耐久性(Durability)及安全性(Safety)三方面來探討,其中功能性由透水量試驗及噪音量試驗來評估;耐久性由車轍試驗、平坦度試驗和Clegg衝擊性試驗來評估;安全性由抗滑值量測來評估。結果顯示PAC具有良好透水性、具減噪效果、能抵抗車轍變形、抗荷重能力佳、且能有效降低雨天行車之交通事故發生;SMA具有抗車轍變形及抗荷重能力等特性,鋪面結構強度優良能提供良好的路基承載力,適合鋪築於行駛快速之重型車輛路段。
英文摘要 Taiwan has been affected by extreme weather in recent years. Rainfall intensity and frequency have an increasing trend. Stormwater always causes ponding water on asphalt pavement in Taiwan. Because of water damage, the pavement distresses such as raveling and pothole are always easily observed, not only reduce roadway safety, but also make poor perception within passengers. PAC is an open-graded asphalt mixture with little or no fine aggregate, and it is often used as an alternative to conventional pavements due to its higher porosity and permeability. PAC is developed in Europe and brings benefits in terms of drainage capacity during rainy weather, traffic noise reduction, skid resistance improvement, hydroplaning mitigation, splash and spray reduction, visibility of marking materials, improvement of the resistance to permanent deformation due to the stone-to-stone skeleton and minimization of glare effects. SMA is an asphalt mixture with gap aggregate gradations. SMA brings benefits in terms of rutting resistance improvement, improvement of the resistance to permanent deformation due to the stone-to-stone skeleton, skid resistance improvement, and durability increase. SMA is used commonly on highways with heavy-load vehicles and traffic frequency. The objective of this work is to evaluate the performance of PAC and SMA. The performance evaluation of pavement can be classified into three main categories: (1) functionality, (2) durability, and (3) safety. The functionality is assessed by water permeability test and noise test; Durability is assessed by rutting resistance test, flatness test and clegg impact test; Safety is assessed by skid resistance test. It is concluded that PAC has good permeability, noise reduction, rutting resistance, skid resistance and deformation resistance. These favorable conditions result in a general reduction of wet weather-related accidents. SMA provides better rutting and deformation resistance to heavy-load vehicles and helps extend the service life of pavements. The pavement structure of SMA is good at resisting heavy load capacities and maintaining pavement flatness.
論文目次 目 錄
摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 XII
目錄 XIII
圖目錄 XVIII
表目錄 XXI
第一章 緒論 1-1
1.1前言 1-1
1.2研究動機 1-2
1.3研究目的 1-3
1.4研究範圍 1-3
第二章 文獻回顧 2-1
2.1多孔隙瀝青混凝土 2-1
2.1.1多孔隙瀝青混凝土材料組成 2-2
2.1.2多孔隙瀝青混凝土的優缺點 2-8
2.1.3多孔隙瀝青混凝土的性能評估 2-11
2.2石膠泥瀝青混凝土 2-15
2.2.1石膠泥瀝青混凝土的特性 2-15
2.2.2石膠泥瀝青混凝土材料組成 2-15
第三章 研究方法 3-1
3.1 研究流程 3-1
3.2 研究路段 3-3
3.2.1 大甲段PAC路面 3-3
3.2.2 南投段PAC路面 3-6
3.2.3 寶山至豐原路段PAC路面 3-12
3.2.4南投段SMA路面 3-16
3.2.5國道6號PAC路面 3-20
3.2.6國道8號鋪面養護 3-24
3.3 績效評估 3-27
3.3.1 功能性評估-透水量試驗 3-28
3.3.2功能性評估-噪音量試驗 3-29
3.3.3耐久性評估-車轍量試驗 3-30
3.3.4耐久性評估-Clegg衝擊試驗 3-31
3.3.5耐久性評估-平坦度試驗 3-32
3.3.6安全性評估-抗滑度試驗 3-34
3.3.7鑽心試體-回彈模數試驗 3-36
3.3.8鑽心試體-間接張力試驗 3-37
3.3.9肇事嚴重度當量指標 3-38
第四章 結果與討論 4-1
4.1績效評估路段 4-1
4.2 材料與配比設計 4-4
4.2.1大甲段PAC基本物性 4-4
4.2.2南投段PAC基本物性 4-7
4.2.3寶山至豐原路段PAC基本物性 4-12
4.2.4南投段SMA基本物性 4-15
4.3國道3號大甲段PAC路段 4-18
4.3.1鋪築前後現地情況 4-18
4.3.2功能性-透水量試驗 4-22
4.3.3功能性-噪音量試驗 4-24
4.3.4耐久性-車轍試驗 4-25
4.3.5耐久性-平坦度試驗 4-27
4.3.6安全性-抗滑值量測 4-29
4.4國道3號南投段PAC路段 4-31
4.4.1鋪築前後現地情況 4-31
4.4.2功能性-透水量試驗 4-37
4.4.3功能性-噪音量試驗 4-41
4.4.4耐久性-車轍試驗 4-44
4.4.5耐久性-平坦度試驗 4-47
4.4.6安全性-抗滑值量測 4-50
4.5國道1號寶山至豐原路段PAC路段 4-53
4.5.1鋪築前後現地情況 4-53
4.5.2功能性-透水量試驗 4-57
4.5.3功能性-噪音量試驗 4-59
4.5.4耐久性-車轍試驗 4-61
4.5.5耐久性-平坦度試驗 4-63
4.5.6安全性-抗滑值量測 4-65
4.6國道3號南投段SMA路段 4-67
4.6.1鋪築前後現地情況 4-67
4.6.2耐久性-車轍試驗 4-70
4.6.3耐久性-Clegg衝擊值 4-72
4.6.4耐久性-平坦度試驗 4-74
4.6.5安全性-抗滑值量測 4-76
4.6.6耐久性-回彈模數(Mr) 4-78
4.6.7耐久性-間接張力強度 4-80
4.7多孔隙瀝青混凝土之雨天行車影響分析 4-82
4.7.1國道3號大甲段PAC路面 4-83
4.7.2國道3號南投段PAC路面 4-84
第五章 結論與建議 5-1
5.1 結論 5-1
5.2 建議 5-2
參考文獻 參-1
口試委員問題與意見 附-1
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