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系統識別號 U0026-0308201514270200
論文名稱(中文) 提升睡眠品質與睡眠熱舒適性之棉被創新設計與評估
論文名稱(英文) Design of An Innovative Blanket for Improving Sleep Thermal Comfort and Sleep Quality
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 陳思蕙
研究生(英文) Su-Huey Tan
學號 P36024085
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 79頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳豐光
口試委員-陳建旭
口試委員-李傳房
中文關鍵字 睡眠品質  熱舒適性  棉被設計  睡眠姿勢  溫度調節 
英文關鍵字 sleep quality  thermal comfort  blanket design  sleep posture  thermoregulation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 眾多影響睡眠的因素中,溫度的變化為影響睡眠的要素之一。研究中顯示,人們時常會因為感受到太冷或太熱而從睡眠中甦醒,影響了人的睡眠,而人的皮膚溫度受環境溫度影響。在低溫環境下,人的皮膚溫度下降而造成熱舒適性不佳,提升入睡時間與睡眠甦醒的機率。為了提升睡眠中的熱舒適性,從床墊、棉被、枕頭等發展出越來越多不同類型、不同功能的產品以提升睡眠品質。而棉被的設計可以提升人在低溫環境中整體的熱舒適性,但局部熱舒適性仍然成為影響睡眠的關鍵。因此,本研究目的在於探討體溫調節、睡眠姿勢與棉被之間的互動關係及身體各部位的皮膚溫度變化對於睡眠的影響,考慮人的睡眠行為和生理機能變化的睡眠形態與習慣,提出棉被創新設計以提升睡眠品質與睡眠熱舒適性。
本研究從了解睡眠行為與皮膚溫度變化開始,將睡眠姿勢作為棉被區域劃分的依據。將觀察結果進行第一次焦點團體法並整理出設計準則,以設計準則再進行第二次焦點團體法。本研究所提出之棉被設計,以減少身體近端與遠端間皮膚溫度差異及較少棉被的移動性為主要設計原則,將不同材質搭配身體與棉被相對位置,考慮各部位的生理變化與設計結合,製作出模型,並進行實驗評估。實驗評估結果顯示本研究所提出之創新棉被設計有助於提升睡眠熱舒適性與睡眠品質。透過不同材質搭配身體各部分之特性,提升局部熱舒適性有助於提升整體熱舒適性,進而提升睡眠品質。
英文摘要 With human development and advance of science and technology, bedding design has been attached much more importance. The thermal discomfort caused by the environmental temperature always disrupts human sleep. Considering the sleep thermal comfort, blanket design has the potential to alter the bedding microclimate to provide a comfortable sleeping environment. Hence, the purpose of this study was to propose an innovative blanket design to improve sleep thermal comfort and sleep quality through understanding the impact of thermoregulation, sleeping postures between humans and blanket and the changes of body temperature in each body segments on sleep.
An innovative blanket has been proposed in this study. To begin with, the design criterion were set up by the discussion of the initial stage focus group. By discussion, the general problems caused sleep thermal discomfort were found and the ways people deal with the problems were discussed. Design principles for the blanket design proposed by this study were: (1) Avoid great differences in skin temperatures between the extremities and the torso; (2) Decrease the blanket movement. Preliminary design concepts were obtained by the second stage focus group and two main features were extracted. Based on the two design features and consideration of the thermal characteristics of different body segments, the final design was developed.
An experimental evaluation was conducted to assess the efficacy of the designed blanket. Result showed that the proposed blanket had more capable of improving sleep thermal comfort and sleep quality. The results of this study clearly support the notion that sleep thermal comfort can be improved by the combination of different materials based on the thermal characteristics of each body segment.
論文目次 摘要 i
SUMMARY ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES vii
LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS ix
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.1.1 Sleep and body temperature 1
1.1.2 Bedding system 2
1.2 Motivation 3
1.3 Purpose 4
1.4 Research framework 6
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 Thermoregulation in sleep 7
2.1.1 The Relationship between body temperature and sleep-wake regulation 7
2.1.2 Effects of the skin temperature on sleep 9
2.1.3 Heat transfer of different body segments 10
2.2 Sleep Thermal Comfort 12
2.2.1 Thermal sensation and thermal comfort 13
2.2.2 Thermal comfort in sleep environment 14
2.2.3 Current ways to improve sleep thermal comfort 16
2.3 Sleep-related behavior 16
2.4 Methods of evaluation 18
2.4.1 Sleep quality and skin temperature evaluation 19
2.4.2 Subjective evaluation 20
2.5 Brief summary 22
CHAPTER 3 METHOD 23
3.1 Outline of the experiment 23
3.1.1 Experimental process 23
3.1.2 Framework of the experiment 24
3.2 Study 1 - Development of blanket design 25
3.2.1 Sleep-related behavior observation 25
3.2.2 The stage 1 focus group 31
3.2.3 The stage 2 focus group 32
3.2.4 Expert interviews 33
3.2.5 Final design 33
3.3 Study 2 - Evaluation of blanket design 34
3.3.1 Participants 34
3.3.2 Equipment 34
3.3.3 Experimental procedure 35
3.3.4 Data analysis 37
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS 39
4.1 The Development of blanket design 39
4.1.1 Body segments distribution 39
4.1.2 Design guidelines 40
4.1.3 Preliminary design concept 46
4.1.4 Expert interviews 47
4.1.5 Final design 48
4.2 Evaluation of blanket design 51
4.2.1 Sleep thermal comfort 51
4.2.2 The changes of the skin temprature 53
4.2.3 Sleep quality 55
CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSION 57
5.1 Development of blanket design 57
5.2 Evaluation of blanket design 60
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS 65
REFERENCES 67
Appendix A SUBJEVTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE 77
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