||CEO Leadership, TMT Trust Climate,and Their Effects on Competitive Aggressiveness under Dynamic Environments
||CEO Leadership, TMT Trust Climate,and Their Effects on Competitive Aggressiveness under Dynamic Environments
||Institute of International Management (IIMBA--Master)
CEO transformational leadership
CEO transactional leadership
Top management team
This study contributes to the academics by integrating the upper echelon theory and competitive dynamics perspective to explore the relationships between CEO transformational leadership, CEO transactional leadership, TMT trust climate, and competitive aggressiveness. The mediating roles of TMT trust climate under the competitive dynamics and the moderating roles of environmental dynamism are investigated as well. The research findings based on a sample of 188 firms from Vietnam show that both two CEO leadership styles directly and TMT trust climate have direct and interaction effects on competitive aggressiveness. Furthermore, TMT trust climate is found to mediate the relationship between CEO transformational leadership and competitive aggressiveness under dynamic environment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES IX
LIST OF FIGURES X
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Motivation and Background. 1
1.2 Research Contributions and Objectives. 3
1.2.1 Gap 1. 3
1.2.2 Gap 2. 4
1.2.3 Gap 3. 5
1.2.4 Gap 4. 7
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.1 Theoretical Background. 8
2.1.1 Upper Echelons Theory. 8
2.1.2 Competitive Dynamics Perspective. 13
2.2 Definition of Relevant Research Variables. 15
2.2.1 CEO Transformational Leadership. 15
2.2.2 CEO Transactional Leadership. 17
2.2.3 Competitive Aggressiveness. 19
2.2.4 TMT Trust Climate. 21
2.2.5 Environmental Dynamism. 23
2.3 Development of Research Hypotheses. 24
2.3.1 CEO Transformational Leadership and TMT Trust Climate. 24
2.3.2 CEO Transactional Leadership and TMT Trust Climate. 27
2.3.3 Moderating Effect of Environment Dynamism. 28
2.3.4 TMT Trust Climate and Competitive Aggressiveness. 31
2.3.5 Mediating Effects of TMT Trust Climate. 33
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 35
3.1 Research Framework. 35
3.2 Sample and Data Collection. 35
3.3 Summary of Hypotheses. 37
3.4 Questionnaire Design and Measures. 38
3.4.1 CEO Transformational Leadership. 38
3.4.2 CEO Transactional Leadership. 39
3.4.3 Competitive Aggressiveness. 39
3.4.4 Environmental Dynamism. 40
3.4.5 Trust Climate. 40
3.5 Control Variables. 41
3.5.1 CEO Key Control Variables. 41
3.5.2 TMT Key Control Variables. 41
3.5.3 Firm Level Key Control Variables. 41
3.6 Methods of Analysis. 42
3.6.1 Descriptive Analysis. 42
3.6.2 Correlation Coefficient Analysis. 42
3.6.3 Reliability Test. 43
3.6.4 Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). 44
3.6.5 Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis. 44
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULT 45
4.1 Descriptive Statistic Analysis. 45
4.2 Validity and Reliability Tests. 49
4.2.1 CEO Transformational Leadership. 51
4.2.2 CEO Transactional Leadership. 52
4.2.3 Environmental Dynamism. 53
4.2.4 TMT Trust Climate. 54
4.2.5 Competitive Aggressiveness. 55
4.3 Full Measurement Model. 56
4.4 Mean, Standard Deviation, and Pearson Correlation. 59
4.5 Hierarchical Multiple Regression. 62
4.5.1 CEO Leadership Style, TMT Trust Climate and Moderating Effect of Environmental Dynamism. 62
4.5.2 CEO Leadership Style, TMT Trust Climate, Competitive Aggressiveness and The Mediating Effect of TMT Trust Climate. 65
4.5.3 Control Variables. 68
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 70
5.1 Discussion and Conclusion. 70
5.1.1 Theoretical Implication. 70
5.1.2 Managerial Implications. 77
5.2 Limitation and Suggestion. 79
5.2.1 Research Limitations. 79
5.2.2 Suggestion for Future Research. 81
Appendix 1. 98
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