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系統識別號 U0026-0308201014300300
論文名稱(中文) 老舊住宅室內環境品質改善更新技術研究 以獨棟透天住宅為例
論文名稱(英文) A Technical Study on the IEQ Improvement of Existing House - the detached house for example.
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture (on the job class)
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 張芳榮
研究生(英文) Fang-Jung Chang
學號 N7792151
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-江哲銘
口試委員-周伯丞
口試委員-王文安
中文關鍵字 室內環境品質  診斷分析  評估  改善建議 
英文關鍵字 Indoor environmental quality  diagnosis  evaluation  recommendations for improvement 
學科別分類
中文摘要 自1980年代以來,病態建築症候群(SBS)、退伍軍人症(Legionellosis)以及SARS蔓延全球,造成全球恐慌,凸顯室內環境污染問題之嚴重性,世界各國已警覺到21世紀所處之地球環境,將有更多威脅人類生存的挑戰孕育而生,未來可能面臨更多的病毒出現,必須以「建築預防醫學」及「建築治療醫學」觀念面對下一波的生存危機。位處亞熱帶高溫、高濕氣候的台灣,必須承受21世紀新議題的考驗,不斷的再活化、再更新,以持續發揮其基本的功能。
本研究範圍包含二個面向「室內環境品質影響因子」、「改善與性能評估分析」,在「室內環境品質影響因子」面向分為「物理性環境」、「化學性環境」,在物理性環境內考量「獨棟住宅建築特性」,本研究主要是著重在「空氣環境」、「溫熱環境」、「光環境」及「音環境」的診斷,在化學性環境包括了「無機性氣體」(一氧化碳、二氧化碳等) 及「有機性氣體」(甲醛、總揮發性有機化合物等),在「改善與性能評估分析」部分,分析評估方法以「現場分析方法」進行改善後驗證分析,以瞭解實際改善成效。
(一)建立獨棟透天住宅類型建築物室內環境診斷檢測模式
本研究之「室內環境品質檢測模式」;從案例背景及基本資料調查、室內環境品質檢測與診斷、提出改善目標策略、進行環境品質改善等項目。本研究進行本診斷案例空間:室內環境評估影響因子檢測。室內環境品質設計準則之擬定、室內環境評估影響因子檢測、室內環境品質設計準則之擬定、建築物環境影響因子分析與改善成效。
(二)評估台灣住居空間室內環境品質之診斷與量測結果
降低室內污染源,室內裝修材料避免使用纖維質材料,改用低污染建築材料例如毛毯或布質材料。室內人員密度的控制,人是二氧化碳的主要產生源,人員密度太高時會使得室內二氧化碳的增加,所以必須控制一定量的人員在侷限的空間內及增加新鮮外氣置入。
(三)研提具體改善建議,提供同類型建築自行改善之參考
依實測結果評估該室內環境之各項問題點及可能原因,研提室內環境品質診斷及改善建議。改善建議之內容包含室內環境品質現場實測結果(量測項目、量測地點、實測結果),以及室內環境問題點與具體改善建議(問題點、改善對策、性能規格及數量概估)。針對各診斷案例之使用模式,提出不同空間機能與環境因子的具體使用方式與相關資訊,提供使用單位妥善維護室內環境。
(四)完成室內環境品質室內環境品質診斷改善檢測
本研究使用時段由實測值顯示,音環境品質部分:由於整體環境噪音量極低,室內家具及裝修材之吸音效果,使臥室B之迴響時間有明顯之改善,但各空間皆為較長之迴響時間。光還境品質部分:整體光環境使用範圍於使用時間內,實測平均照度值均為高於150Lux之健康基準,室內照度充足,平常使用狀態時日間不需開啟照明。溫熱還境品質部分:平均室溫高於健康舒適基準值32℃~36℃之間,屬較熱的範圍。室內相對濕度皆低於健康基準值75%,實測值屬舒適範圍,室內平均風速約在0.1~0.6m/s的範圍,屬舒適範圍;PMV在部分時段屬偏熱的區段,由整體人體溫熱舒適指標的規範來觀察,本案例診斷結果在溫熱環境的人體熱舒適反應值,室內溫熱環境屬不舒適偏熱的狀態,其部分原因可由歷時變化趨勢看出其室內環境受室外氣候變化影響,因此建議室內應裝設改善溫熱通風設備。空氣品質部分:二氧化碳平均濃度值低於健康基準600ppm,約在380~500ppm之間,甲醛濃度逐時變化在0.01~0.07ppm上下範圍,室內TVOC濃度之量測值中,逐時濃度變化1.5~2.0ppm上下範圍。
英文摘要 Since the 1980s, sick building syndrome (SBS), Legionnaires Disease (Legionellosis) and the global spread of SARS, Contribute to global panic. Highlight the seriousness of indoor environmental pollution problems, Have been alert to the world of the 21st century global environment in which, Will have more challenges that threaten human survival developed which. More viruses are likely to face the emergence of. Must be "construction of Preventive Medicine" and "construction of medical treatment," the concept of the face of the next wave of crisis. Located in sub-tropical heat, high humidity climate of Taiwan, Must withstand the test of the 21st century, new issues, Constantly re-activation, and then update. To continue to play its basic functions.
The scope of the study consists of two for the "Indoor Environmental Quality Factor", "improvement and performance evaluation analysis," In the "Indoor Environmental Quality factor" for the divided into "physical environment", "chemical environment", in the physical environment and consideration of "single-family residential building characteristics", This study is to control the "Air Environment", "warm environment", "Light" and "sound environment" in the diagnosis, In the chemical environment, including the "inorganic gases" (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, etc.) and "organic gases" (formaldehyde, total volatile organic compounds, etc.) In the "improvement and performance evaluation of" section, Analysis and evaluation methods in order to "live analysis" to improve the verification, To see improvement in the results.
1. The establishment of single-family town house type of building indoor environment diagnostic test mode.
In this study, the "Indoor Environmental Quality testing mode"; From the case background and basic information on the investigation, detection and diagnosis of indoor environmental quality, to improve target strategy, environmental quality improvement projects. This study case the diagnosis of space: indoor environmental assessment impact factor test. Design criteria for indoor environmental quality of the development, indoor environmental assessment impact factor testing, indoor environmental quality criteria for the development of the design, building and improvement of environmental impact factors of success.
2. Assessment of indoor environmental quality in Taiwan Residence Space diagnosis and measurement results.
Reduce indoor pollution, indoor decoration materials avoid the use of fiber materials. Use low-pollution materials such as blankets or cloth material. Density of the control room staff, Are carbon dioxide, the main production source, Staff will make the room too high density of carbon dioxide increase. Therefore, we must control a certain amount of personnel in confined spaces and increase the placement of fresh air outside.
3. Research and provide specific recommendations on improvements to provide the same type of building self-improvement reference
According to test results to assess the indoor environment and the possible causes of the problem points, and research provide indoor environmental quality diagnosis and recommendations for improvement. Recommendations for improvement of indoor environmental quality includes field measurement results (measurement items, measurement location, test results), and indoor environmental issues and specific recommendations for improvement points (problem point improvement measures, performance specifications and quantity of primary energy transformation matrix). Case for the use of the diagnostic model proposed by environmental factors at different spatial functions and the specific usage and related information, providing the proper use of units to maintain the indoor environment.
4. Completion of indoor environmental quality diagnosis to improve the detection of indoor environment quality
In this study period by the measured value display, sound quality of the environment components: very low noise level as the overall environment, indoor furniture and decoration materials for sound absorption, making room B of the response time is longer than the improvement, however, a longer space are all response time. Light is also part of environmental quality: a whole range of light environments in the use of time, the measured average intensity values are higher than the health benchmark 150Lux, indoor illumination adequate, normal use of state without opening day lighting. Warm part of an environmental quality: an average temperature higher than the reference value of healthy and comfortable 32 ℃ ~ 36 ℃ between, is more heat range. Indoor relative humidity were 75% lower than the reference value, the measured value is the comfort range, indoor average wind speed is about 0.1 ~ 0.6m / s range, is a comfortable range; PMV period is rather hot in some sections, the whole person temperature thermal comfort indices to observe the norms, the diagnosis of this case in the thermal environment in response to the value of human thermal comfort, Indoor thermal environment is not comfortable state of partial thermal, partly by the last change of the indoor environment by the outdoor shows impacts of climate change, it is proposed to improve the indoor thermal ventilation equipment should be installed. Air Quality parts: the average carbon dioxide concentration is lower than the health benchmark 600ppm, between about 380 ~ 500ppm, when the formaldehyde concentration by changes in the upper and lower range of 0.01 ~ 0.07ppm, indoor TVOC concentrations measured values, the hourly concentration of 1.5 ~ 2.0ppm range up and down.
論文目次 目錄
摘 要 I
Abstract III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 - 1 -
1-1 研究動機與目的 - 1 -
1-1.1 研究動機 - 1 -
1-1.2 研究目的 - 2 -
1-2 文獻回顧 - 2 -
1-3 研究範圍與流程 - 5 -
1-3.1 研究範圍 - 5 -
1-3.2 研究流程 - 6 -
1-4 預期研究目標 - 7 -
第二章 研究方法 - 9 -
2-1 室內環境因子診斷量測方法 - 9 -
2-1.1 音環境因子診斷量測方法 - 10 -
2-1.2 光環境因子診斷量測方法 - 13 -
2-1.3 溫熱環境因子診斷量測方法 - 14 -
2-1.4 空氣環境因子診斷量測方法 - 16 -
2-2 室內環境因子評估分析標準 - 18 -
2-2.1 音環境因子評估分析標準 - 18 -
2-2.2 光環境因子評估分析標準 - 19 -
2-2.2 溫熱環境因子評估分析標準 - 20 -
2-2.2 空氣環境因子評估分析標準 - 22 -
2-3 建築物室內環境品質診斷測定程序 - 23 -
2-4 小結 - 24 -
第三章 室內環境品質診斷實測分析 - 25 -
3-1 研究對象現況分析 - 25 -
3-2 基地環境氣候條件分析 - 28 -
3-3 研究案例基礎資料與診斷計畫 - 31 -
3-4 室內環境品質診斷調查結果與分析 - 35 -
3-4.1 音環境 - 35 -
3-4.2 光環境 - 38 -
3-4.3 溫熱環境 - 40 -
3-4.4 空氣環境 - 42 -
第四章 室內環境品質改善對策 - 45 -
4-1 室內環境品質改善對策 - 45 -
4-2 室內環境品質綠色工法施工圖說 - 47 -
4-3 改善工程施工中與完工後記錄 - 61 -
第五章 改善後室內環境品質診斷評估分析 - 65 -
5-1 改善後環境診斷計畫 - 65 -
5-2 改善後室內環境品質診斷分析 - 67 -
5-2.1音環境改善後診斷分析 - 67 -
5-2.2光環境改善後診斷分析 - 68 -
5-2.3溫熱環境改善後診斷分析 - 70 -
5-2.4空氣環境改善後診斷分析 - 72 -
5-3 小結 - 74 -
第六章 結論與建議 - 75 -
6-1 研究結論 - 75 -
6-2 後續研究建議 - 77 -
參考文獻 - 79 -
參考文獻 中文部分
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外文部分
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