進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-0307201215413100
論文名稱(中文) 性別差異與空間焦慮於車用導航系統可用性之影響
論文名稱(英文) The Effects of Gender Differences and Spatial Anxiety on Usability of In-Vehicle Navigation Systems
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 交通管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Transportation & Communication Management Science
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 王彥傑
研究生(英文) Yen-Chieh Wang
學號 r56991204
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-林珮珺
口試委員-張瀞之
口試委員-陳珍珍
口試委員-王仁宏
中文關鍵字 車用導航系統  性別差異  空間焦慮 
英文關鍵字 In-Vehicle Navigation Systems  Gender differences  Spatial Anxiety 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來車用衛星導航系統產品逐漸受到歡迎,然而,若車用導航系統操作介面不適當,易造成使用者操作上的困難,並增加駕駛人的心理負荷,進而影響行車安全。過去研究指出,使用者於操作行動裝置選單時,會因為不了解選單系統編排或設定順序而困惑,空間能力為重要影響因素之一。本研究結合性別與空間焦慮程度,分析不同性別所具備的空間能力以及探討性別與空間能力差異是否影響車用導航系統介面使用性。本研究應用實驗設計,探討性別在操作車用式導航系統上的差異,以客觀量測調查受測者與導航機之間的互動情形。研究結果顯示,性別確實於操作績效上產生顯著差異,男性在操作的績效上優於女性。男性與女性於空間能力上也存在顯著差異,男性有較佳空間能力。本研究於最後提出操作者容易碰到介面使用上之問題,並提出介面改善與未來研究建議。
英文摘要 The In-Vehicle Navigation Systems becomes popular during the recent years;nevertheless,if In-Vehicle Navigation Systems provide inadequate user interface information, users may operate difficulty and also enhance potential driving risks simultaneously because of the increase of the mental workload of the drivers. Sometimes users may confuse when they operate unfamiliar interface of machine, according to the past researchers, spatial ability is the most important factor.We connected the level of spatial ability and sex to analyze the usability of In-Vehicle Navigation Systems in this research. This work adopted an experimental design for collecting data, and to investigate whether gender differences have an impact on the definition of good interface design. Study results show that men are superior to women in the performance of operating the In-Vehicle Navigation Systems. We also found that women tend to have higher level of spatial anxiety than men. This study’s results provide a better advice for the reform of interface display.
論文目次 第一章、 緒論 1
一、 研究背景與動機 1
二、 研究目的 6
三、 研究流程 6
第二章、 文獻回顧 8
一、 車用導航系統 8
二、 空間能力 13
(一) 空間能力與導航 14
(二) 空間能力與性別差異 17
三、 能力測驗相關理論與模式 19
(一) 能力測驗與項目反應理論 19
(二) Rasch模式 22
(三) 部分計分模式 24
(四) 題項難度參數與受測者能力參數的估計 26
(五) 模式與資料適合度 27
第三章、 研究方法 29
一、 實驗內容 29
(一) 實驗設備與實驗環境 29
(二) 實驗受測對象 29
(三) 實驗流程 30
(四) 任務設計 30
(五) 問卷量表設計 31
二、 資料分析方法 33
(一) 單向度與局部獨立性分析 33
(二) Rasch模式參數估計與資料適合度分析 33
(三) 差異試題功能評估 34
第四章、 資料分析 35
一、 受試者樣本特性分析 35
二、 任務分析 36
(一) 任務操作記錄分析 36
(二) 任務過程詢問分析 50
三、 問卷分析與IRT假設驗證 52
(一) 項目分析 53
(二) 因素分析 54
(三) 局部獨立性 55
(四) 信度分析 55
四、 RASCH模式分析結果 56
(一) 基本統計結果 56
(二) 題項難度分析 58
(三) 受試者能力分析 65
(四) 差異試題功能分析 67
五、 空間能力分析 69
(一) 空間能力與性別差異 69
(二) 空間能力與任務分析 70
第五章、 結論與建議 72
一、 任務操作分析之結論 72
(一) 性別於操作績效上部分差異 72
(二) 相異操作機台於績效上差異 74
(三) 受試者特性於操作績效上差異 76
(四) 性別於不同車用導航系統介面之操作績效上無差異 76
二、 空間能力、空間焦慮與操作績效之結論 77
三、 介面改善之建議 79
四、 學術上意義 85
五、 實務上意義 86
六、 未來研究建議 86
英文參考文獻 88
中文參考文獻 95
參考文獻 英文參考文獻
1. Adler, J. L. (2001). Investigating the learning effects of route guidance and traffic advisories on route choice behavior. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 9(1), 1-14.
2. Allen, G. L. (1999a). Spatial abilities, cognitive maps, and wayfinding: Bases for individual differences in spatial cognition and behavior. In R. G. Golledge (Ed.), Wayfinding behavior: Cognitive mapping and other spatial processes. pp.46-80. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
3. Arning, K., and Ziefle, M. (2009). Effects of age, cognitive, and personal factors on PDA menu navigation performance. Behaviour & Information Technology, 28(3), 251-268.
4. Babakus, E., and Yavas, U. (2008). Does customer sex influence the relationship between perceived quality and share of wallet? Journal of Business Research, 61(9), 974-981.
5. Baenninger, M., and Newcombe, N. (1988). The role of experience in spatial test performance: A meta-analysis. Sex Roles, 20(5-6), 327-344.
6. Bond, T. G., and Fox, C. M. (2001). Applying the Rasch Model: Fundamental Measurement in the Human Sciences: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc.
7. Checkley, K. (1997). The first seven … and the eighth intelligence: A conversation with Howard Gardner. Educational Leadership, 55(1), 8-13.
8. Chittaro L., De Macro L. (2004). Driver distraction caused by mobile devices: Studying and reducing safety risks. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Mobile Technologies and Health, Benefits and Risks.
9. Cronbach, L. J., and Snow, R. E. (1977). Aptitudes and Instructional Methods. A Handbook for Research on Interactions. New York: Irvington.
10. Cutmore, T. R. H., Hine, T. J., Maberly, K. J., Langford, N. M., and Hawgood, G. (2000). Cognitive and gender factors influencing navigation in a virtual environment. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 53(2), 223-250.
11. Dabbs, J. M., Chang, E. C., Strong, R. A., and Milun, R. (1998). Spatial ability, navigation strategy, and geographic knowledge among men and women. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19(2), 89-98.
12. Daimon, T., and Kawashima, H. (1996). New Viewpoints for Evaluation of In-vehicle Information Systems: Applying Methods in Cognitive Engineering. JSAE Review, 17(2), 151-157.
13. Deakin, A.K. (1997). Potential of Procedural Knowledge to Enhance Advanced Traveller Information Systems. Transportation Research Record, 1573, 35-43.
14. Duncan,P.W.,Bode,R.K.,Lai,S.M.,Perera,s. (2003). Racsh analysis of a new stroke-specific outcome sacle:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84(7), 950-963.
15. Eals, M., and Silverman, I. (1994). The Hunter-Gatherer Theory of Spatial Sex Differences: Proximate Factors Mediating the Female Advantage in Recall of Object Arrays. Ethology and Sociobiology, 15(2), 95-105.
16. Embretson, S. E., and Reise, S. P. (2000). Item Response Theory for Psychologists: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, London.
17. Gaulin, S.J.C., and FitzGerald, R.W. (1986). Sex differences in spatial ability: an evolutionary hypothesis and test. The American Naturalist, 127(1), 74-88.
18. Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.
19. Gerber, R., and Kwan, T. (1994). A phenomenographical approach to the study of pre-adolescents’ use of maps in a wayfinding exercise in a suburban environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14(4), 265-280.
20. Green P. (2001). Safeguards for On-Board Wireless Communications. Proceedings of Second Annual Plastics in Automotive Safety Conference, Troy, Michigan.
21. Harris, L. J. (1981). Sex-related variations in spatial skill. In L. S. Liben, A. H. Patterson, and N. Newcombe (Eds.), Spatial representation and behavior across the life span. New York: Academic Press.
22. Hambleton, R. K., and Jones, R. W. (1993). Comparison of Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory and Their Applications to Test Development. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 12(3), 38-47.
23. Holding, C. S., and Holding, D. H. (1989). Acquisition of route network knowledge by males and females. The Journal of General Psychology, 116(1), 29-41.
24. Hund, A. M., and Minarik, J. L. (2006). Getting from here to there: Spatial anxiety, wayfinding strategies, direction type, and wayfinding efficiency. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 6(3), 179-201.
25. Ishikawa, T., Fujiwara, H., Imai, O., Okabe, A. (2008). Wayfinding with a gps-based mobile navigation system: A comparison with maps and direct experience. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28(1), 74-82
26. Kelsey, M. (2011).Top 10 Features for the Long. Haul.http://www.cars.com/go/advice/Story.jsp?section=top&story=topLongHaul&subject=more&referer=&aff=national
27. Kozlowski, L. T., and Bryant, K. J. (1977). Sense of direction, spatial orientation, and cognitive maps. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 3(4), 590-598.
28. Lawton, C. A. (1994). Gender differences in way-finding strategies: Relationship to spatial ability and spatial anxiety. Sex Roles, 30(11/12), 765-779.
29. Lawton, C. A., and Morrin, K. A. (1999). Gender differences in pointing accuracy in computer-simulated 3D mazes. Sex Roles, 40(1-2), 73-92.
30. Lawton, C. A., and Kallai, J. (2002). Gender differences in wayfinding strategies and anxiety about wayfinding: A cross-cultural comparison. Sex Roles, 47(9-10), 389-401.
31. Lawton, C. A. (2010). Gender, Spatial Abilities, and Wayfinding. In J. C. Chrisler and D. R. McCreary (Eds.), Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology. 317-341. New York: Springer.
32. Lee, W. C. and Cheng, B. W. (2008). Effects of using a portable navigation system and paper map in real driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(1), 303-308.
33. Liben, L. S., Kastens, K. A., and Stevenson, L. M. (2002). Real-world knowledge through real-world maps: A developmental guide for navigating the educational terrain. Developmental Review, 22(2), 267-322.
34. Lin, P. and Chien, L. (2010). The effects of gender differences on operational performance and satisfaction with car navigation systems. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 68(10) 777-787.
35. Linacre, J. M., and Wright, B. D. (1994). Chi-square fit statistics. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 8(2), p.350.
36. Linacre, J. M. (2011). A User’s Guide to FACETS. Rasch Model Computer Program. ISBN 0-941938-03-4.www.winsteps.com.
37. Linn, Marcia C. and Anne C. Peterson. (1985). Emergence and Characterization of Sex Differences in Spatial Ability: A Meta-Analysis. Child Development, 56(6), 1479-1498.
38. Lord, F. M. (1965). A strong true-score theory, with applications. Psychometrika, 30(3), 239-270.
39. Lumsden, J. (1976). Test Theory. Annual Reviews in Psychology, 27(1), 251-280.
40. Maccoby, E. E. and C. N. Jacklin (1974). The Psychology of Sex Differences. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press.
41. Meyers-Levy, Joan. (1988). The Influence of Sex Roles on Judgment. Journal of Consumer Research, 14(March), 522-530.
42. Moore, G.T. (1979). Knowing about environmental knowing: The current state of theory and research on environmental cognition. Environment and Behavior, 11(1), 33-70.
43. Montello, D. R. , K. L. Lovelace, R. G. Golledge, and C. M. Self. (1999). Sex-related differences and similarities in geographic and evnironmental spatial abilities. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 89(3), 515-534.
44. Ono, H., and Zavodny, M. (2005). Gender differences in information technology usage: a U.S.-Japan comparison. Sociological Perspectives, 48(1), 105-133.
45. Ostini, R., and Nering, M. L. (2006). Polytomous Item Response Theory Models: Sage Publications Inc.
46. Parush, A., and Yuviler-Gavish, T., (2004). Web navigation structures in cellular phones: the depth/breadth trade-off issue. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 60(5-6), 753-770.
47. Rafi, A., Khairul, A.S., Abdul, S., Maizatul, H., and Mazlan, M. (2005). Improving spatial ability using a Web-based Virtual Environment (WbVE). Automation in Construction, 14(6), 707-715.
48. Robert, M., and Héroux, G. (2004). Visuo-spatial play experience: Forerunner of visuo-spatial achievement in preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls? Infant and Child Development, 13(1), 49-78.
49. Rodger, J. A., and Pendharkar, P. C. (2004). A field study of the impact of gender and user's technical experience on the performance of voice-activated medical tracking application. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 60(5-6), 529-544.
50. Reeve, B. B., Masse, L. C. (2007). Psychometric evaluation and calibration of health-related quality of life item banks. Medical Care, 45(5), S22-S31.
51. Saccuzzo, D., Craig, A., Johnson, N., and Larson, G. (1996). Gender differences in dynamic spatial abilities. Personality and Individual Differences, 21(4), 599-607.
52. Saucier, D., Green, S. M., Leason, J., MacFadden, A., Bell, S., and Elias,L. J. (2002). Are sex differences in navigation caused by sexually dimorphic strategies or by differences in the ability to use the strategies? Behavioral Neuroscience, 116(3), 403-410.
53. Schintler, L. (2005). Society, behavior, and public/private transport: Trends and prospects in North America. Social Dimensions of Sustainable Transport: Transatlantic Perspectives.
54. Schmitz, S. (1997). Gender-related strategies in environmental development: Effects of anxiety on wayfinding in and representation of a three-dimensional maze. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17(3), 215-228.
55. Schmitz, S. (1999). Gender differences in the acquisition of environmental knowledge related to wayfinding behavior, spatial anxiety and self-estimated environmental competencies. Sex Roles, 41(1-2), 71-93.
56. Silverman, I., Choi, J., and Peters, M. (2007). The hunter-gatherer theory of sex differences in spatial abilities: Data from 40 countries. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36(2), 261-268.
57. Simon, S. J. (2001). The impact of culture and gender on web sites: an empirical study. The Data Base for Advances in Information Systems, 32(1), 18-37.
58. Sjölinder, M. (1998). Spatial cognition and environmental descriptions. In: Dahlback N (Ed.) Exploring navigation: towards a framework for design and evaluation of navigation in electronic spaces. Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Sweden.
59. Stevens, S. S. (1946). On the theory of scales of measurement. Science, 103, p.679.
60. Terlecki, M., and Newcombe, N. (2005). How important is the digital divide? The relation of computer and videogame usage to gender differences in mental rotation ability. Sex Roles, 53(5-6), 433-441.
61. Tooby, J., and Cosmides, L. (1990). On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: The role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality, 58(1), 17-68.
62. Uang, S. T., and S. L. Hwang. (2002). A study of the presentation of traffic congestion information in in-vehicle navigation maps. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers, 19(1), 49-56.
63. Van der Linden W, Hambleton RK, (Eds). (1997). Handbook of modern item response theory. Springer Verlag: New York.
64. Ward, S. L., Newcombe, N., and Overton, W. F. (1986). Turn left at the church, or three miles north: A study of direction giving and sex differences. Environment and Behavior, 18(2), 192-213.
65. Westerman, S. J. (1995). Individual differences in the use of command line and menu computer interfaces. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 9(2), 183-198.
66. Wierwille, W. W., Antin, J. F., Dingus, T. A., and Hulse, M. C. (1988). Visual Attention Demand of an In-car Navigation System. In A.G. Gale et al. (Eds.) Vision in vehicles II, 307-316. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.
67. Wochinger, K., and Boehm-Davis, D. (1995). The Effects of Age, Spatial Ability, and Navigation Information on Navigational Performance. (Report No. FHWA-RD-95-166). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.
68. Wright, B. D., and Masters, G. N. (1982). Rating Scale Analysis. Chicago: Mesa Press.
69. Yilmaz, H. B. (2009). On the development and measurement of spatial ability. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 1(2), 83-96.
70. Ziefle, M., and Bay, S. (2004). Mental models of a cellular phone menu. Comparing older and younger novice users. In: S. Brewster and M. Dunlop, eds. MobileHCI 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3160. Berlin: Springer, 25-37.
71. Ziefle, M., and Bay, S. (2006). How to overcome disorientation in mobile phone menus: a comparison of two different types of navigation aids. Human Computer Interaction, 21(4), 393-432.


中文參考文獻
1. 科技產業資訊室(2009),導航智慧型手機終將取代可攜式導航裝置。http://iknow.stpi.org.tw/Post/Read.aspx?PostID=1532
2. 國際電子商情(2010),PND市場機會急劇萎縮,應對下滑考驗廠商智慧。http://www.esmchina.com/ART_8800106627_1300_2201_0_4200_fd44e4c2.HTM
3. 創市際市場研究調查顧問-汽車類別調查研究報告(2010)。http://www.insightxplorer.com/index.html
4. 靈通產業研究(2011),全球主要國家汽車電子市場發展綜述。http://www.ltmic.com/Article_38/2011119171037286-1.html
5. 中華民國統計資訊網,http://ebas1.ebas.gov.tw/pxweb/Dialog/statfile9.asp。
6. 王文中(1996),幾個有關Rasch測量模式的爭議,教育與心理研究,19,1-26。
7. 王文中(2004),Rasch測量理論與其在教育和心理之應用,教育與心理研究,27(4),637-694。
8. 交通部(2011),自用小客車駕駛人男女比率,未出版之統計數據。
9. 沈勤譽(2011),PND品牌2011年1Q市占,DIGITIMES。http://www.digitimes.com.tw/tw/dt/n/shwnws.asp?id=0000232005_RS71YICELZRRXF6K935TC&tid=NDMz&dt=t
10. 杜佩縈、陳豫德(2010),回顧2009年全球PND產業發展,工研院IEK-ITIS計畫。
11. 余民寧(1997),教育測驗與評量:成就測驗與教學評量,台北:心理出版社股份有限公司。
12. 吳明隆、涂金堂(2005),SPSS與統計應用分析,台北,五南圖書。
13. 林宏文、江煒琦(2006),汽車電子引爆5兆元商機,今周刊486期。
14. 周文欽、盧欽銘等(1997),心理與教育測驗,台北:心理出版社。
15. 周駿呈(2006),GPS領導廠商營運佈局策略分析-Garmin,工研院IEK-ITIS計畫。
16. 邱皓政(2003),結構方程模式:LISREL的理論技術與應用,台北,雙葉書廊。
17. 邱皓政(2006),量化研究與統計分析,台北,五南圖書。
18. 洪士峰(2000),男女有別,其來有自?,Cheers 雜誌第2期。
19. 徐柏棻、李鋅銅(2006),輕鬆上手衛星導航 徹底擺脫路痴噩夢,聯合新聞網。
20. 陳資緯(2007),正確使用汽車導航將降低12%交通事故率,台灣商務新聞通訊社。
21. 莊丙農(2010),PND將逐漸取代高價的車載式導航器,工商時報。
22. 莊惠雯(2010),引領下一波導航產業 台商投入伽利略衛星系統,新通訊第112期。
23. 國際電子商情(2010),PND市場機會急劇萎縮 應對下滑考驗廠商智慧。http://www.esmchina.com/ART_8800106627_1300_2201_0_4200_fd44e4c2.HTM
24. 曾志軒(譯)(2005),人機介面設計-有效的人機互動策略,台北:東華出版社。(Shneiderman, B., and Plaisant, C., 2004)
25. 童儀展(2007),TomTom花三年時間 成為全球導航之王,數位時代。
26. 葉重新(2004),心理學,台北:心理出版社股份有限公司。
27. 楊士範(2005),帶著衛星上路,CNET Taiwan。 http://taiwan.cnet.com/computer/mobile/features/0,2000068536,20099938,00.htm
28. 楊仁杰(2007),車用導航器中小尺寸面板發展,DIGITIMES Research。
29. 蔡尚樺(2009),2010年全球PND市場展望,DIGITIMES Research。
30. 蔡承啟(2011),矢野:智慧手機搶市 全球PND市場將逐步萎縮,MoneyDJ理財網。
31. 蕭秀玲、莊慧秋、黃漢耀(1991),環境心理學,台北:心理出版社。
32. 鍾玉玨(2010),「她經濟」崛起 企業投其所好,中時電子報。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2014-07-10起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2014-07-10起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw