系統識別號 U0026-0307201215413100
論文名稱(中文) 性別差異與空間焦慮於車用導航系統可用性之影響
論文名稱(英文) The Effects of Gender Differences and Spatial Anxiety on Usability of In-Vehicle Navigation Systems
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 交通管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Transportation & Communication Management Science
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 王彥傑
研究生(英文) Yen-Chieh Wang
學號 r56991204
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-林珮珺
中文關鍵字 車用導航系統  性別差異  空間焦慮 
英文關鍵字 In-Vehicle Navigation Systems  Gender differences  Spatial Anxiety 
中文摘要 近年來車用衛星導航系統產品逐漸受到歡迎,然而,若車用導航系統操作介面不適當,易造成使用者操作上的困難,並增加駕駛人的心理負荷,進而影響行車安全。過去研究指出,使用者於操作行動裝置選單時,會因為不了解選單系統編排或設定順序而困惑,空間能力為重要影響因素之一。本研究結合性別與空間焦慮程度,分析不同性別所具備的空間能力以及探討性別與空間能力差異是否影響車用導航系統介面使用性。本研究應用實驗設計,探討性別在操作車用式導航系統上的差異,以客觀量測調查受測者與導航機之間的互動情形。研究結果顯示,性別確實於操作績效上產生顯著差異,男性在操作的績效上優於女性。男性與女性於空間能力上也存在顯著差異,男性有較佳空間能力。本研究於最後提出操作者容易碰到介面使用上之問題,並提出介面改善與未來研究建議。
英文摘要 The In-Vehicle Navigation Systems becomes popular during the recent years;nevertheless,if In-Vehicle Navigation Systems provide inadequate user interface information, users may operate difficulty and also enhance potential driving risks simultaneously because of the increase of the mental workload of the drivers. Sometimes users may confuse when they operate unfamiliar interface of machine, according to the past researchers, spatial ability is the most important factor.We connected the level of spatial ability and sex to analyze the usability of In-Vehicle Navigation Systems in this research. This work adopted an experimental design for collecting data, and to investigate whether gender differences have an impact on the definition of good interface design. Study results show that men are superior to women in the performance of operating the In-Vehicle Navigation Systems. We also found that women tend to have higher level of spatial anxiety than men. This study’s results provide a better advice for the reform of interface display.
論文目次 第一章、 緒論 1
一、 研究背景與動機 1
二、 研究目的 6
三、 研究流程 6
第二章、 文獻回顧 8
一、 車用導航系統 8
二、 空間能力 13
(一) 空間能力與導航 14
(二) 空間能力與性別差異 17
三、 能力測驗相關理論與模式 19
(一) 能力測驗與項目反應理論 19
(二) Rasch模式 22
(三) 部分計分模式 24
(四) 題項難度參數與受測者能力參數的估計 26
(五) 模式與資料適合度 27
第三章、 研究方法 29
一、 實驗內容 29
(一) 實驗設備與實驗環境 29
(二) 實驗受測對象 29
(三) 實驗流程 30
(四) 任務設計 30
(五) 問卷量表設計 31
二、 資料分析方法 33
(一) 單向度與局部獨立性分析 33
(二) Rasch模式參數估計與資料適合度分析 33
(三) 差異試題功能評估 34
第四章、 資料分析 35
一、 受試者樣本特性分析 35
二、 任務分析 36
(一) 任務操作記錄分析 36
(二) 任務過程詢問分析 50
三、 問卷分析與IRT假設驗證 52
(一) 項目分析 53
(二) 因素分析 54
(三) 局部獨立性 55
(四) 信度分析 55
四、 RASCH模式分析結果 56
(一) 基本統計結果 56
(二) 題項難度分析 58
(三) 受試者能力分析 65
(四) 差異試題功能分析 67
五、 空間能力分析 69
(一) 空間能力與性別差異 69
(二) 空間能力與任務分析 70
第五章、 結論與建議 72
一、 任務操作分析之結論 72
(一) 性別於操作績效上部分差異 72
(二) 相異操作機台於績效上差異 74
(三) 受試者特性於操作績效上差異 76
(四) 性別於不同車用導航系統介面之操作績效上無差異 76
二、 空間能力、空間焦慮與操作績效之結論 77
三、 介面改善之建議 79
四、 學術上意義 85
五、 實務上意義 86
六、 未來研究建議 86
英文參考文獻 88
中文參考文獻 95
參考文獻 英文參考文獻
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