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系統識別號 U0026-0306201920355100
論文名稱(中文) 中歐國家對華政策的流變:捷克共和國、斯洛伐克、匈牙利和波蘭之比較
論文名稱(英文) Flux of China policies in Central Europe: A Comparison on the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 政治學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Political Science
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 菲樂娃
研究生(英文) Natalia Fillova
學號 U18997023
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 267頁
口試委員 指導教授-周志杰
召集委員-陳欣之
口試委員-平思寧
口試委員-陳勁
口試委員-宋鎮照
口試委員-蔡東杰
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 the Czech Republic  Slovakia  Hungary  Poland  China  economic and political relations 
學科別分類
中文摘要 自1989年共產黨政權垮台以來,中歐國家,即所謂的Visegrád Frour(捷克共和國、斯洛伐克、匈牙利、波蘭)與中華人民共和國關係良好。二十世紀九〇年代,由於中歐國家制度的變化以及這些國家對市場經濟的重新定位,只有在這些國家進入歐盟之後才能恢復關係。當一些國家尋求中國的財政援助時,2008年全球經濟和金融危機對該地區的影響標誌著兩國關係的新動力。新的合作形式被設立為16 + 1平台,以加強中歐與中國的關係,吸引中國的投資。另一種類型的合作是在「一帶一路」倡議下,預期與中國的貿易往來將大幅增加。本論文的主要目的是分析這些國家與中國政治關係對其經濟關係的影響,反之亦然。政治關係包括批評中國人權狀況,台灣外交和西藏支持等問題。儘管普遍認為,對中國更加寬容的國家將更多地與中國進行貿易並獲得更多的中國投資,本論文的主要發現表明,與斯洛伐克和匈牙利等支持國相比,對中國更具批判性的國家,如波蘭和捷克共和國,與中國進行更多貿易往來。而中資可能例外,匈牙利是中國在該地區投資的最大接受國,且經濟關係影響著政治,雖然很難證明這一點。結論,政治在一定程度上可能影響中國對中歐國家的投資,但對於貿易關係來說無關緊要。
英文摘要 Central European countries, the so called Visegrad Frour (the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland) have had good relations with the People´s Republic of China since the fall of the communist regime in 1989. After the cooling down of the relations in the 1990s, caused by the change of regime in Central European countries and the reorientation of these countries towards market economy, a revival of relations came only after the entry of these states to the EU. The new impetus of the relations was marked by the impact of the global economic and financial crisis in 2008 on the region when some countries searched for the financial assistance from China. The new form of cooperation was set up as the 16+1 platform with the view to strengthen the Central and Eastern European relations with China in order to attract Chinese investments. The other type of cooperation is foreseen under the Belt and Road Initiative where the huge trade exchange with China is promising.

The main goal of the work is to analyse the impact of political relations of these countries with China on their economic relations and vice versa. The political relations included the issues such as the criticism of human rights situation in China, the Taiwan diplomacy and support of Tibet. Inspite of general belief, that more accommodating countries towards China will trade with China more and receive more Chinese investments, the main finding of the dissertation reveals that more critical states towards China, such as Poland and the Czech Republic have been trading with China more and have been receiving more Chinese investment than the supportive states, such as Slovakia and Hungary. Exception could be made regarding the Chinese investments, where Hungary is the biggest recipient of the Chinese investments in the region. Moreover, the economic relations influence political relations although; it is hard to prove it. The conclusion could me made the politics matter in some degree when it comes to the investments but doesn´t matter than it comes to trade in case of the relations between the Central Europe and China.
論文目次 Abstract (English)…........................................................................................ ii
Abstract (Chinese)..........................................................................................iii
Acknowledgements...................................................................................... iv
Table of Contents……...………………………………………………………….....…v
List of tables and figures………………………………………………………… .vii
Acronyms and Glossary…………………………………………………….…......viii
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction................................................................. 1
1.1. RESEARCH BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION.................... 1
1.2. RESEARCH PURPOSE AND SIGNIFICANCE............................. 7
1.3. LIMIT AND SCOPE OF DISSERTATION..................................... 9
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS................................................................. 9
1.5. RESEARCH DESIGN.......................................................................... 11
1.6. METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................14
1.7. RESEARCH METHODS..................................................................... 19
1.8. STRUCTURE OF DISSERTATION.................................................. 20

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW............................................... 22
2.1.BILATERAL RELATIONS OF CENTRAL EUROPEAN
COUNTRIES WITH THE PRC.................................................................. 22
2.2. POLITICAL INFLUENCE OF ECONOMICS AND INFLUENCE OF
ECONOMICS ON POLITICAL RELATIONS.......................................... 30
2.3. THE THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES USED IN THE DISSERTATION ----------------------------------------------------------------------34

CHAPTER THREE: CZECH AND SLOVAK POLICY TOWARDS CHINA ----------------------------------------------------------------------41
3.1.POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN CHINA
AND CZECHOSLOVAKIA ...............................................................................41
3.2. CZECH AND SLOVAK APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 1993-1998............................................................................................................... 52
3.3. CZECH AND SLOVAK APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 1998-2006............................................................................................................... 62
3.4. CZECH AND SLOVAK APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 2006-2012............................................................................................................... 75
3.5. CZECH AND SLOVAK APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 2013-2017............................................................................................................... 89
3.6. THE COOPERATION WITH CHINA WITHIN THE BELT AND
ROAD INITIATIVE (BRI)..................................................................................102
3.7. CZECH AND SLOVAK RELATIONS WITH TAIWAN......... 105
3.8. THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVAKIA HANDLIGN WITH TIBET
ISSUE............................................................................................................. 109
3.9. CONCLUSION................................................................................... 113

CHAPTER FOUR: HUNGARIAN AND POLISH POLICY TOWARDS CHINA…..............................................................................................................116
4.1. HUNGARIAN AND POLISH APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 1990-2000.........................................................................................................117
4.2. HUNGARIAN AND POLISH APPROACH TOWARDS CHINA 2001-2010 .....................................................................................................123
4.3. HUNGARIAN AND POLISH APPROACH TOWADS CHINA 2011-2017 …...........................................................................................................135
4.4. HUNGARIAN AND POLISH RELATIONS WITH TAIWAN... 151
4.5. HUNGARIAN AND POLISH VIEW ON TIBET ISSUE..... 157
4.6. THE COOPERATION WITH CHINA WITHIN THE BELT AND
ROAD INITIATIVE (BRI)........................................................................... 163
4.7. THE CONCLUSION.................................................................... 167

CHAPTER FIVE: INTERVIEWS:............................................................ 169
5.1. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC ATTITUDE OF VISEGRAD FOUR
COUNTRIES TOWARDS CHINA................................................... 169
5.2. THE RESULTS.............................................................................. 194

CHAPTER SIX: CASE COMPARISON AND PATTERN BUILDING ..........................................................................................................................199

CHAPTER SEVEN: CONCLUSION................................................. 218

BIBLIOGRAPHY................................................................................... 233
APPENDICES....................................................................................... 249
APPENDIX 1: List of Interviewees.............................................. 249
APPENDIX 2: Questionnaire ......................................................... 252
APPENDIX 3: Informed Consent Form 1.................................. 253
APPENDIX 4: Informed Consent Form 2................................... 254
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Belt and Road Initiative a game changer on international cooperation. (2017, September 22). Xinhua Silk Road Information Service. Retrieved fromhttp://en.silkroad.news.cn/2017/0922/56385.shtml

Bíla, M. (2014,October 30).Zeman řekl, že se v Číne chce poučit,jak stabilizovat společnosť. [Zeman said that he wants to learn in China how to stabilize the society.].Radio Praha. Retrieved from http://www.radio.cz/cz/rubrika/zpravy/zeman-rekl-ze-se-v-cine-chce-poucit-jak-stabilizovat-spolecnost
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China- Hungary seminar on pragmatic cooperation held in Bejing.(2017,May 17).Xinhua Silk Road Information Service. Retrieved from http://en.silkroad.news.cn/2017/0519/33370.shtml

China, Poland lift ties to comprehensive strategic partnership.(2016,June 21). Xinhua. Retrieved from http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-06/21/c_135452132.htm

China, Slovakia signed Joint Statement.(2003, January 7).Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved from http://china.org.cn/english/international/52905.htm

Commission welcomes European Parliament´s support for investments screening framework. (2019, February 14). European Commission, Press release. Retrieved from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-1052_en.htm

Česko uznáva celistvost Číny, řelk Zeman. Včetně Tibetu i Tchaj-wanu. [The Czech Republic recognizes the territorial integrity of China, including Taiwan and Tibet, said Zeman.] (2014,October 27).iDNES.cz. Retrieved from https://zpravy.idnes.cz/cesko-uznava-celistvost-ciny-tibet-zeman-f1k-/zahranicni.aspx?c=A141027_120243_zahranicni_bse

Drulák, P. (2014, December 7). Lidská práva v zahraniční politice aneb od snění k naivitě. A zpět? [Human rights in foreign policy or from dreaming to reality. And back?]. Denik referendum.cz.Retrieved fromhttp://denikreferendum.cz/clanek/16575-lidska-prava-v-zahranicni-politice-aneb-od-sneni-k-naivite-a-zpet

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First freight train from China´s Changsha arrives to Budapest. (2017, June 19). Xinhua Silk Road Information Service. Retrieved from http://en.silkroad.news.cn/2017/0619/61782.shtml
Golka, A. (2017, February 27). WrocławryzykujezapraszającDalajlamę? [Wroclaw risk inviting the Dalai Lama?].Wiadomości Wroclawnaszemiasto.Retrieved fromhttp://wroclaw.naszemiasto.pl/artykul/wroclaw-ryzykuje-zapraszajac-dalajlame,3211345,art,t,id,tm.html
Hungarian-Chinese cooperation achieves highest possible level. (2017). Website of the Hungarian governement. Retrieved from http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-foreign-affairs-and-trade/news/hungarian-chinese-cooperation-achieves-highest-possible-level

Hungarian President Solyom meets Zeng Peiyan.(2006).Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People Republic of China website. Retrieved from http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/gjlb_664408/3175_664570/3177_664574/t274309.shtml

Hungary bans peaceful Tibet protest because of the visit of Wen Jiabao.(2011)CNN. Retrieved fromhttp://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-629285

Hungary is ideal pillar of the One Belt, One Roade Initiative. (2017, June 1). Retrieved from http://www.miniszterelnok.hu/hungary-is-an-ideal-pillar-of-the-one-belt-one-road-initiative/

Hungary Tibet Supporters Wave Tibetan Flags Protesting Chinese Prime Minister.(2017, December 2). Tibetan journal. Retrieved from http://www.tibetanjournal.com/hungary-tibet-supporters-wave-tibetan-flags-protesting-chinese-Prime Minister/

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Li Keqiang, Prime Minister of Serbia AleksandarVucic, Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orban and Prime Minister of Macedonia Nikola Gruevski Jointly Meet the Press. (2014). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China website. Retrieved from http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/t1220969.shtml

Otázky Václava Moravce. [The questions of Václav Moravec]. (2014). ODS website. Retrieved from https://www.ods.cz/region.jihomoravsky/clanek/8611-otazky-vaclava-moravce
Piętnastolecie:Deklaragja z dnia 24 sierpnia 2001 roku w sprawie solidarnośsi Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z narodem tybetańskim. [Fifteenth anniversary: Declaration of 24 August 2001 on the solidarity of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland with the Tibetan people.]. Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights. Retrieved from https://www.hfhr.org.pl/tybet/?p=3313#more-3313
Pleschová, G. (2015, February 10). Čína v strednej Európe: Prečo má Čína záujem o Slovensko a jeho susedov?[China in Central Europe: Why China has an interest in Slovakia and its neighbors?]. Zahraničná politika. Retrieved from http://zahranicnapolitika.dennikn.sk/cina-v-strednej-europe-preco-ma-cina-zaujem-o-slovensko-a-jeho-susedov/
Prime Minister Sobotka attends two summits in China and supports the aviation, health care and financial sectors. (2016).Website of the Government of the Czech Republic.Retrieved from https://www.vlada.cz/en/media-centrum/aktualne/prime-minister-sobotka-attends-two-summits-in-china-and-supports-the-aviation--healthcare-and-financial-sectors-146076/

Ravi Prasad.(2018, April 2). EU Ambassadors Condemn China’s Belt and Road Initiative.The Diplomat. Retrieved fromhttps://thediplomat.com/2018/04/eu-ambassadors-condemn-chinas-belt-and-road-initiative/

Saraczyńska, A. (2016, June 20). Dalajlama z wizitąweWrocławiu.Będzietylko dva dni.[Dalai Lama with visit in Wroclaw. Only two days.].Wyborcza.pl. Retrieved from http://wroclaw.wyborcza.pl/wroclaw/1,35771,20717906,dalajlama-z-wizyta-we-wroclawiu-bedzie-tylko-dwa-dni.html
Schwarzenberg: Postoj Nečase k PussyRiot mě šokoval.[The Attitude of Nečas to Pussy Riot shocked me.]. (2012, September 11).Správy.tiscali.cz. Retrieved fromhttps://zpravy.tiscali.cz/schwarzenberg-postoj-necase-k-pussy-riot-me-sokoval-157226
Strana zelených: zelení přijali delegaci z Taiwanu. [Green party: Greens received the delegation from Taiwan.] (2008, February 26). Ekologist.cz.Retrieved from http://ekolist.cz/cz/zpravodajstvi/zpravy/zeleni-prijali-delegaci-z-taiwanu?add_disc=1

Szalai, P. (2016, December 13). Slovensko dohodlo opatrenia proti dumpingu,v Rade EÚ ležali tri roky. [Slovakia negotiated the measures against the dumping in the Council of the EU was three years.] Euroactive. Retrieved fromhttps://euractiv.sk/section/energetika/news/slovensko-dohodlo-opatrenia-proti-dumpingu-v-rade-eu-lezali-tri-roky/

The Silence of Cemetery. (2008). Tibinfo, Information system about Tibet. Retrieved from http://www.tibinfo.cz/clanek.php?id=611
TOP09 vyvěsila na Sněmovne tibetskou vlajku. Na protest proti smlouvě s Pekingem i tchajwanskou. [TOP 09 hang Tibetan flag in the House of Deputies. On protest against agreement with Beijing alsoTaiwanese flag.]. (2016, March 10).Aktuálne.cz Retrieved from http://zpravy.aktualne.cz/domaci/top-09-vyvesila-tibetskou-i-tchajwanskou-vlajku-na-protest-p/r~dd145f06e69e11e5a6b7002590604f2e/

Volební program ODS. [The Electoral Program of ODS 2013. ] (2013). ODS website. Retrieved from http://www.ods.cz/docs/programy/volebni-program-2013.pdf

Volební program TOP09 do poslaneckej sněmovni. [The Program of the election of TOP 09 to Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament 2017. ] (2017). TOP09 website. Retrieved from https://www.top09.cz/volby/2017-poslanecka-snemovna/
Wizyta Dalajlamy w Warszawie. [ The visit of Dalai Lama in Warshaw]. (2009, July 28).Wyborcza.pl. Retrieved fromhttp://warszawa.wyborcza.pl/warszawa/1,54420,6865238,Wizyta_Dalajlamy_w_Warszawie.html

Záznam z projěvu JUDr.Vojtěcha Filipa na semináři s tématem “Zkušenosti pro řízení a rozvoj státu”. [Note from the speach of Vojtěch Filip from the seminar “The experience for the governance and the development of the state on 21.” ] (2016). Website of Communist Party of the Bohemia and Moravia. Retrieved from http://www.stopcirkevnimrestitucim.cz/cs/aktualne/aktuality/zaznam-projevu-judr-vojtecha-filipa-na-seminari-s-tematem-zkusenosti-pro-rizeni
Zhang Qingmin. 2010. China’s Diplomacy.China Intercontinental Press


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Česká republika. (2002). Programové prohlášení vlády. [The Czech Republic. Government Manifesto of the Czech Republic.] Retrieved from https://www.vlada.cz/assets/clenove-vlady/historie-minulych-vlad/prehled-vlad-cr/1993-2010-cr/vladimir-spidla/Programove-prohlaseni-vlady_1.pdf
Česká republika. (2008). Poslanecká snemovňa. Uznesenie 728 Poslaneckej snemovne z 28. Zhromaždenia dňa 1. Apríla 2008. [The Czech Republic. House of Deputies. Resolution 728 of Chamber of Deputies from 28th meeting on 1 April 2008.]

Diplomatic Archive of Ministry of Foreign and EuropeanAffairsofthe Slovak Republic,(Dipl. archive of MOFAEA SR) Fund of Representative Office Beijing 1993, Beijing 1995, Box 22, Box 23, Box 37

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Economic cooperation between Poland and Taiwan.Institute for Intercultural communication and interdisciplinary studies Silk Road. Retrieved from https://silkroad.org.pl/en/cooperation/
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