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系統識別號 U0026-0208201914201600
論文名稱(中文) 清水地熱儲集層示蹤試驗分析之研究
論文名稱(英文) Analysis of tracer test at Chingshui geothermal reservoirs
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資源工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Resources Engineering
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 陳亭潔
研究生(英文) Ting-Chieh Chen
學號 N46061127
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 67頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳毓純
共同指導教授-郭明錦
口試委員-范愷軍
中文關鍵字 尾水回注  示蹤試驗  回收率 
英文關鍵字 Reinjection  Tracer test  Recovery 
學科別分類
中文摘要 尾水回注是將發電後的尾水重新回注到地熱儲集層中,尾水回注減少地
熱發電尾水排放問題及維持儲集層壓力。尾水回注示蹤試驗將化學示蹤劑擠注入回注井內,在生產井中監測示蹤劑回收濃度。示蹤試驗可幫助評估地熱井之間的連通性及溫度早期穿透。
清水地熱區熱水生產層主要來自廬山層仁澤段破碎帶。本研究以苯甲酸
鈉(Sodium benzoate)做為示蹤劑,利用清水地熱IC-21 號做為回注井,IC-19號做為生產井進行示蹤試驗。藉由在IC-19 號井得到的示蹤劑濃度,利用濃質傳輸進行示蹤試驗數據分析,研究井間地下流體流動行為及獲得儲集層地下水文參數。
英文摘要 Reinjection of spent geothermal fluid helps wastewater disposal and pressure maintenance. It also helps to evaluate the connectivity between wells and the flow
behavior of the groundwater. Thermal water production in Chingshui geothermal field is mainly from the fracture zone in the Jentse member of the Lushan Formation. In this
study, a tracer test was conducted in Chingshui geothermal field using sodium benzoate as a tracer. Wells IC-19 and IC-21 were employed as a production well and an injection
well, respectively. Based on the analysis of tracer test, we estimated the geothermal reservoir parameters using the theory of solute transport.
論文目次 摘要 I
Analysis of tracer test at Chingshui geothermal reservoirs II
致謝 IX
目錄 X
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 文獻探討 6
2.2 溶質擴散、移行及延散 7
2.2.1 溶質擴散 7
2.2.2 溶質移行 8
2.2.3 溶質延散 9
2.3 地下流體質量傳輸方程式 11
2.3.1 一維的濃度階段變化 12
2.3.2 一維瞬間注入地下水流場 12
2.4 縱向延散度 14
第三章 清水地區背景 16
3.1 地理位置及地質背景 16
3.2 清水地熱發電歷史 18
第四章 研究方法 20
4.1 示蹤試驗設計 20
4.1.1 苯甲酸鈉示蹤劑 20
4.1.2 清水地熱示蹤試驗 23
4.2 示蹤劑回收濃度曲線分析方法 25
第五章 結果與討論 29
5.1 苯甲酸鈉示蹤試驗結果 29
5.2 示蹤試驗數據擬合分析 31
5.2.1 回收率計算 36
5.2.2 情況A濃度曲線擬合 38
5.2.3 情況B濃度曲線擬合 44
5.3 縱向延散度探討流體流動行為 50
第六章 結論與建議 51
6.1 結論 51
6.2 建議 52
參考文獻 53
附錄 58
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