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系統識別號 U0026-0208201215193300
論文名稱(中文) 類比數位轉換器特性自動量測系統
論文名稱(英文) Automatic Testing System for Analog to Digital Converter
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 王瑋竣
研究生(英文) Wei-Chun Wang
學號 Q67981326
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 77頁
口試委員 指導教授-戴政祺
口試委員-陳建富
口試委員-林志隆
口試委員-楊弘吉
口試委員-林俊宏
中文關鍵字 類比數位轉換器  自動量測  訊號雜訊比  有效位元  遠端監控 
英文關鍵字 analog-to-digital converters (ADCs)  automatic testing  signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)  effective number of bits (ENOB)  remote control 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文主要在研究開發一套類比數位轉換器特性自動量測系統,以類比數位轉換器理論與訊號處理分析理論為依據建立自動化量測類比數位轉換器動態與靜態特性的程式。以LabVIEWTM軟體為開發環境,利用邏輯分析儀取得轉換後的數位信號,再經由LabVIEWTM訊號處理程式轉換與運算後,可以提供動態特性如訊號雜訊比、訊號雜訊失真比、有效位元數值和靜態特性如微分非線性誤差、積分非線性誤差等數值資料,也可以同時顯示信號處理後之頻譜分布。利用一個參數設定檔將所要測試的條件交由程式一筆一筆地執行,這些條件包含有儀器的操作頻率、直流偏差、信號振幅以及電壓等,執行完後的結果自動存成一份ExcelTM格式報告。若使用者不在儀器前,可利用網路監控功能將執行狀況由遠端電腦做監控查詢。經由自動化的量測,可節省人為測試的時間及可能的操作錯誤,以提升測試精確度與報告可靠性。
英文摘要 In this thesis, we developed an automated testing system for analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) by creating a program based on the ADC theory and the signal processing theory. This system can be used to automatically test the dynamic and static characteristics of the ADCs. The LabVIEWTM software is used as the develop environment and a logic analyzer to acquire the converted digital signals. The signals were then further calculated by using the signal processing functions in LabVIEWTM to provide the converter’s dynamic values such as signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR), and effective number of bits (ENOB); and static values such as the differential non-linearity (DNL) and integral non-linearity (INL). The frequency distribution can also be obtained. A configuration file was used to feed test parameters such as operational frequency, dc offset, signal amplitude, and voltage of the converter to the program for sequential execution. The results were automatically saved as an ExcelTM report. Users can monitor the tests from a remote computer from internet by using the network control function. Automated testing can reduce manual testing times and limit possible operational errors to enhance test accuracy and report reliability.
論文目次 摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌 謝 IV
目 錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究背景 1
1-2相關文獻回顧 1
1-3研究動機與目的 2
1-4全文概述 4
第二章 類比數位轉換器的的特性規格 6
2-1類比數位轉換器的動態效能 6
2-2類比數位轉換器的靜態效能 9
第三章 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統架構與設計 13
3-1 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統硬體 13
3-1-1 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統硬體架構圖 13
3-1-2 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統硬體實體圖 14
3-1-3信號產生器 15
3-1-4 濾波器 16
3-1-5 電源供應器 17
3-1-6邏輯分析儀 18
3-1-7儀器控制界面使用GPIB 19
3-1-8 儀器網路連線使用 COM Automation 23
3-1-9介面卡與網路位址 24
3-2 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統軟體與程式 25
3-2-1儀器控制軟體 25
3-2-2 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統測試程式流程 26
3-2-3 類比數位轉換器自動量測系統測試前置面板設計 27
3-2-4 程式內容介紹 - 儀器初始值設定及中斷程式 31
3-2-5 程式內容介紹 - 類比數位轉換器動態特性運算程式介紹 40
3-2-6 程式內容介紹 - 類比數位轉換器靜態特性運算程式介紹 43
3-2-7 程式內容介紹 - 量測報告輸出程式介紹 49
3-2-8遠端監控測試執行狀況 50
第四章 實驗結果與討論 53
4-1前言 53
4-2 類比數位轉換器系統效能測試 54
4-2-1 類比數位轉換器動態效能測試結果 54
4-2-2 類比數位轉換器靜態效能測試結果 61
4-3手動與自動測試時間比較 67
4-4 實驗結果與討論 68
第五章 結論與未來展望 72
5-1 結論 72
5-2 未來展望 73
參考文獻 74
自 述 77
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