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系統識別號 U0026-0207202010544500
論文名稱(中文) 從行為和認知電生理探討不同位置籃球選手執行功能之差異
論文名稱(英文) Behavioral and cognitive electrophysiological differences in the executive functions of basketball players as a function of playing position
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 邱一剛
研究生(英文) Yi-Kang Chiu
學號 RB6074030
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 39頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-潘倩玉
口試委員-陳福成
口試委員-曾鈺婷
中文關鍵字 認知  抑制  籃球  位置  執行/不執行  事件相關電位 
英文關鍵字 cognition  inhibition  basketball  playing positions  Go/NoGo  event-related potential 
學科別分類
中文摘要 背景:本研究從認知行為和認知電生理角度來探討不同位置的菁英籃球員之執行功能是否不同。方法:本研究招募了四十六名大專菁英籃球員,其中包含二十七名後衛以及十九位中鋒,執行視覺的執行/不執行作業(Go/NoGo),並同時收錄其事件相關電位(event-related potential, ERP)訊號。統計方面,人口統計學資料使用獨立樣本T檢定來分析,實驗結果的行為(反應時間(reaction time, RT)和正確率(accuracy rate, AR))和認知電生理(N2和P3成分波之震幅和潛時)指標則使用重複量數變異數分析法來進行分析。結果:研究結果顯示,後衛和中鋒表現出同等的行為表現(RTs和ARs)。在認知電生理指標方面,在執行情境中,後衛比起中鋒表現出較短的N2潛時,而在不執行情境中,後衛比起中鋒反而表現出較長的N2潛時。此外,不論在執行或不執行情境,後衛比起中鋒都表現出較小的P3震幅。結論:雖然在後衛和中鋒的行為抑制能力相同,但後衛和中鋒在面對刺激物和非刺激物的刺激評估和反應選擇歷程有不同的處理效率。此外,後衛比起中鋒在動作前的準備歷程以及決策階段時傾向徵招較少的認知資源。
英文摘要 In the present study, the effect of predominant playing position in elite basketball players on executive function using both behavioral and electrophysiological measurements was investigated. Forty-six elite basketball players, including 27 guards and 19 forwards, were recruited. Event-related potential (ERP) signals were simultaneously recorded when the athletes performed the visual Go/NoGo task. Demographic characteristics were statistically analyzed using an independent t-test, while behavioral (i.e., reaction time (RT) and accuracy rate (AR)) and electrophysiological variables (N2 and P3 amplitudes and latencies) were subjected to a repeated-measures ANOVA. Analyses of the results revealed that the guards and forwards groups exhibited comparable behavioral (i.e., RTs and ARs) performance. With regards to the electrophysiological indices, the guards relative to the forwards exhibited shorter N2 latency in the Go condition, longer N2 latency in the NoGo condition, and smaller P3 amplitude across the two conditions. These results suggested that although guards and forwards exhibited similar abilities in terms of behavioral inhibition, different neural processing efficiencies still exist in the playing positions, with guards showing divergent efficiency in target evaluation and response selection of the target and non-target stimuli and fewer cognitive resources during premotor preparation and decision making as compared to the forwards.
論文目次 Table of Contents
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………………...…..I
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………...…….II
Acknowledgements………………………………………………………………...…...III
Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………V
List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………VII
List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………1
1.1 Cognitive loads, exercise modes and executive functions………….1
1.2 Playing positions and executive functions……………….………..2
1.3 Inhibition, physical skills and playing positions in basketball sport..……………..4
1.4 Go/NoGo paradigm and ERP…………………………………………………...…6
1.5 Knowledge gap…………………………………………………………………….8
Chapter 2 Methods……………………………………………………………………….10
2.1 Participants……………………………………………………………………….10
2.2 Procedure………………………………………………………………………....10
2.3 Go/NoGo paradigm...…………………………………………………………….11
2.4 Cardiorespiratory fitness estimation……………………………….12
2.5 Electrophysiological recording and analysis……………………..13
2.6 Statistical analysis………………………………………………………………..14
Chapter 3 Results………………….……………………………………………………..15
3.1 Demographic characteristics……………………………………………………..15
3.2 Behavioral performance………………………………………………………….16
3.3 electrophysiological performance.……………………………………………….16
3.3.1 N2 latency……..………………………………………………………….16
3.3.2 N2 amplitude…..………………………………………………………….18
3.3.3 P3 latency……..…………………………………………………………..19
3.3.4 P3 amplitude…..…………………………………………………………..19
Chapter 4 Discussion………………………………………………..……………………21
4.1 Behavioral indices………………………………………………………………..21
4.2 electrophysiological performances……………………………………………….24
4.3 limitation of the present study……………………………………………………27
Chapter 5 Conclusion……..……………………………..28
References………………………………………………………………………………...29
Appendix………………………………………………………………………….…........35
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