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系統識別號 U0026-0207201811550000
論文名稱(中文) 應用無人機搭載無線射頻辨識系統於牡蠣浮棚數量管理
論文名稱(英文) Application of RFID-Mounted Drone in the Quantity Control of Oyster Farming Rafts
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 楊人翰
研究生(英文) Jen-Han Yang
學號 NA6054051
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 61頁
口試委員 指導教授-張懿
口試委員-周瓈朝
口試委員-饒見有
中文關鍵字 無線射頻系統  無人飛行載具  牡蠣浮棚  海洋垃圾 
英文關鍵字 RFID system  UAV  Oyster farming rafts  Marine debris 
學科別分類
中文摘要 臺南市近海沿岸遭廢棄牡蠣浮棚汙染的海洋垃圾問題已被討論多年。為提供臺南市政府一套牡蠣浮棚數量與位置監測系統,研究者運用無人飛行載具與無線射頻辨識系統於牡蠣浮棚進行監測。本研究主旨為協助臺南市政府牡蠣浮棚之巡查人員在巡查牡犡浮棚工作上,提供一套運用科技、方便操作且節省人力和時間的監測系統。本研究運用目前技術成熟且廣泛被應用的無人機搭載RFID系統在安平港牡蠣養殖水域進行了兩次主要試驗,其中包括試驗性研究及自動航線飛行試驗。在自動航線飛行試驗中,試驗結果顯示60個受測RFID標籤中有54個被讀取,6個未被讀取之標籤因海水浸泡損壞。此外,在半結構式訪談中,受訪者一致認可本研究監測系統運用在牡蠣浮棚的數量管理,並反應該系統運作穩定性及RFID標籤製作費用等相關問題與看法。本研究結果除了初步證明RFID系統應用於沿岸漁業監測的可行性,其中無人機搭載RFID系統相關數據、測試方法及分析結果。以及利用無人飛機搭載RFID系統得知牡蠣浮棚之數量與位置。研究數據顯示監測系統可減少在牡犡浮棚巡查工作上的人力與時間,同時可提供巡查人員更有效率、方便操作的管理工具。
英文摘要 The derelict oyster farming rafts littering along the coast of Tainan City for years and is responsible for being a type of marine debris pollution. To address this problem, the paper presents an experimental implementation of a method to localize radio frequency identification tags at oyster farming rafts for monitoring by using drone technologies for management. The advantage of the proposed system is to provide a useful tool in analysing identification of oyster farming rafts with less man power and time. In the experiment, the researcher set 60 RFID tags on the designated farming rafts and finally 54 RFID tags were identified. The results showed the six unread RFID tags were broken due to the water damage. Overall, the readability of the RFID tags in the experiment is 100% read excludes the 6 broken RFID tags. The results of in-depth interview showed most of the interviewees indicated that it is an excellent method to employ RFID mounted drone to monitoring the oyster farming rafts. However, the system stability is an important factor to be concerned. The cost of RFID tags is expensive than currently printed flags therefore the extra cost is also a challenge to the proposed system. The findings proved an initial feasibility study on combining radio-frequency identification system with drone technology to monitoring oyster farming rafts. Moreover, this paper depicts the proposed system, shows the testing methods and analyses some achieved performances in an experimental scenario.
論文目次 摘要 i
誌謝 xii
目錄 xiii
表目錄 xv
圖目錄 xvi
縮寫目錄 xviii
第一章、前言 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與研究目的 3
1.3 研究問題 3
1.4 論文架構 4
第二章、文獻回顧 5
2.1 牡蠣養殖現況 5
2.1.1 臺灣牡蠣養殖概況 7
2.1.2 海洋垃圾及臺南牡犡浮棚管理面臨之問題 7
2.1.3 臺灣牡犡浮棚數量管理之相關研究 8
2.2 RFID系統之應用 9
2.3 無人機之應用 11
2.4 無人機搭載RFID系統應用之現況 12
第三章、研究方法 13
3.1 RFID系統 13
3.1.1. RFID系統組成 13
3.1.2. RFID 讀取器與標籤之分類 15
3.1.3. RFID頻段和感應方式 17
3.1.3.1. 電容耦合 18
3.1.3.2. 電感耦合 19
3.1.3.3. 電磁反向散射耦合 19
3.2 研究區域 20
3.3 無人機與RFID系統描述 22
3.3.1. RFID系統採用 23
3.3.2. 無人機採用 25
3.4 半結構式訪談 26
第四章、試驗與研究結果 30
4.1. RFID標籤可讀性試驗 30
4.2. 試驗性研究 34
4.3. 自動航線飛行試驗 37
4.4. 訪談結果 43
4.4.1. 對於牡蠣浮棚管理方法之探討 44
4.4.2. 無人機搭載RFID系統應用於牡蠣浮棚數量管理之探討 45
第五章、討論、結論與建議 47
5.1. 討論 47
5.2. 結論與建議 48
參考文獻 49
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