進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-0108202002183800
論文名稱(中文) 回收低密度聚乙烯與橡膠粉混拌之改質瀝青
論文名稱(英文) Asphalt Cement Modified with Recycled-Low-Density-Polyethylene and Crumb Rubber
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 吳鎮宇
研究生(英文) Cheng-Yu Wu
學號 N66071427
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-夏明勝
口試委員-林彥宇
口試委員-蘇育民
中文關鍵字 低密度聚乙烯  橡膠粉  循環經濟  改質瀝青  微觀型態 
英文關鍵字 Low-density Polyethylene  Crumb Rubber  Circular Economy  Modified Asphalt  Morphology 
學科別分類
中文摘要 研究採用回收低密度聚乙烯 (Recycled Low-Density Polyethylene, RPE)與橡膠粉 (CR)作為改質劑,此兩者分別作為塑性體和彈性體,混合
拌製改質瀝青,並透過光學顯微鏡觀察改質瀝青微觀型態,探討改質瀝青
物理性質。添加 5%RPE在之改質瀝青微觀下呈現不規則狀,彼此較容
易接觸產生物理纏繞,改質效果較好,但高溫工作性差;添加 5%和 7%橡膠粉在微觀下產生聚集現象,方才具有較明顯之改質效果。本研究中隨
RPE含量的改質效果較橡膠粉含量提升明顯, RPE對軟化點、黏度和韌
性具有改質效果;橡膠粉則提供彈性,可改善軟化點和針入度 ,但對於彈
性恢復率之改質效果有限。 多重應力潛變恢復 (MSCR)試驗結果說明,
RPE含量越高抗 變形 能力越好, 橡膠粉含量越高 彈性恢復 效果 較好,然
而 本研究之改質瀝青皆 無法符合 超過恢復百分比之 需求。建議以 3%RPE和 7%橡膠粉之比例製備改質瀝青,以獲得較好之工程性質。
英文摘要 This study used recycled low-density polyethylene (RPE) which is plastic, and crumb rubber (CR) which is elastomers as modifier. By using optical microscope to observe morphology of modified asphalt, and discuss its properties with various experiment. When RPE content up to 5%, the morphology of modified asphalt is irregularity, modifier contact each other more easily, that modifier contact each other increase performance significantly, but decreases high-temperature workability. When CR content up to 5% and 7%, microscopic rubber clusters, and increase modified asphalt performance. RPE is better modifier than CR in this study. RPE improves performance such as softening point, viscosity, and toughness. CR provides elastic recovery, but not as effective as styrene-butadiene-styrene.CR improves performance such as softening point, and penetration. Multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) test shows that increasing content of RPE improves resistance to permanent deformation of asphalt. Increasing content of CR improves elastic recovery. However, there is no sample in this study meets the requirement of recovery. In this study suggests producing modified asphalt with 3%RPE and 7%CR to ensure great mechanical property.
論文目次 摘要I
致謝V
目錄VII
表目錄IX
圖目錄X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機 2
1.3研究目的 3
1.4 研究範圍 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 改質瀝青 5
2.1.1 理想改質瀝青 6
2.2 改質劑 7
2.2.1 高分子聚合物 7
2.2.2 高分子彈性體 10
2.3 橡膠瀝青 11
2.3.1 乾法 12
2.3.2 濕法 12
2.3.3 橡膠瀝青規範參考 13
2.3.4 橡膠瀝青之微觀 15
2.4 循環經濟 17
2.4.1 線性經濟 17
2.4.2 循環經濟 18
2.4.3 廢棄橡膠輪胎處理 20
2.5 重複應力潛變恢復(Multiple Stress Creep Recovery, MSCR)23
第三章 研究計畫 25
3.1 研究方法 25
3.2 試驗材料 27
3.2.1 基底瀝青 27
3.2.2 回收低密度聚乙烯 RPE 27
3.2.4 橡膠粉 CR 28
3.3 改質瀝青 30
3.3.1 拌和比例 30
3.3.2 拌和步驟 31
3.4 試驗方法試驗方法 32
3.4.1 微觀型態形相學分析 32
3.4.2 軟化點試驗 34
3.4.3 黏滯度試驗 34
3.4.4 針入度試驗 34
3.4.5 薄膜烘箱(TFOT)試驗 34
3.4.6 彈性恢復率試驗彈性恢復率試驗 34
3.4.7 閃火點試驗 35
3.4.8 韌性試驗 35
3.4.9 儲存穩定性試驗 35
3.4.10 多重應力潛變回復試驗(MSCR) 36
3.5統計分析 37
第四章 結果與討論 38
4.1 基底瀝青物理性質 38
4.2 改質瀝青微觀組成 39
4.3 改質瀝青物理性質 42
4.3.1 軟化點 42
4.3.2 60℃黏度 47
4.3.3 135℃度黏度 49
4.3.4 針入度 53
4.3.5 薄膜加熱損失率 55
4.3.6 閃火點 55
4.3.7 彈性恢復率 56
4.3.8 4℃針入度 60
4.3.9 韌性與黏結力 64
4.3.10 儲存穩定性 70
4.3.11 重複應力潛變恢復(MSCR)74
4.4 綜合評估 77
第五章 結論與建議 80
5.1 結論結論 80
5.2 建議建議 81
參考文獻 參-1
附錄 附-1
附錄1::SPSS統計軟體安裝與使用方式 附-1
附錄2:微觀面積計算方式 附-9
附錄3:口試委員問題與意見 附-14
參考文獻 方芳、周勇敏、張繼 (2007)廢輪胎回收制膠粉及其應用進展,材料科學與工程學報,第25卷,第1期,第164-168頁。
台灣營建研究院
(2014),廢輪胎橡膠瀝青鋪面應用拓展暨監測計畫,台北。
行政院環保署 (2019) 公告應回收廢物品及容器回收量,https://erdb.epa.gov.tw/DataRepository/Statistics/InstitutionRecycleBottle.aspx?topic1,行政院環保署統計室,2019年8月18瀏覽。
吳俊耀 (2018) 廢輪胎回收再利用,http://www.ctci.org.tw/media/6240/07廢輪胎回收再利用-吳俊耀-簡報,環拓科技股份有限公司,2019年9月25瀏覽。
施工綱要規範 (2017) 第02741章 瀝青混凝土之一般要求,行政院公共工程委員會,台北。
施工綱要規範 (2017) 第02749章 橡膠瀝青混凝土鋪面,行政院公共工程委員會,台北。
施工綱要規範 (2017) 第02796章 密級配改質瀝青混凝土舖面,行政院公共工程委員會,台北。
潘文軍、楊俊良、李喆 (2009)基於循環經濟理論的廢舊輪胎回基於循環經濟理論的廢舊輪胎回收體收體系構建,華東交通大學學報,第系構建,華東交通大學學報,第26卷,第卷,第3期,第期,第118-122頁。頁。
蔡攀鰲 (2003) 公路工程學,鵬逞書局,台南。公路工程學,鵬逞書局,台南。
Altieb, Z. H., M. M. A. Aziz, K. A. B. Kassim, and H.B. Jibrin(2016) A short review on using crumb rubber as modification of bitumen binder. Jurnal Teknologi, Vol.78, pp.29-36.
Behnood, A., and M. M. Gharehveran (2019) Morphology, rheology, and physical properties of polymer-modified asphalt binders. European Polymer Journal, Vol.112, pp.766-791.
Brown, E. R., Kandhal, P. S., Roberts, F. L., Kim, Y. R., Lee, D. Y. and Kennedy, T. W. (2009) Hot Mix Asphalt Materials, Mixture Design, and Construction Third Edition, NAPA Research and Education Foundation Lanham, Maryland.
Carreau, P. J., M. Bousmina, and F. Bonniot (2000) The viscoelastic properties of polymer-modified asphalts. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.78, pp.495-503.
Chen, Z., J. Pei, T. Wang, and S. Amirkhanian (2019) High temperature rheological characteristics of activated crumb rubber modified asphalts. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.194, pp.122-131.
Chesner, W.H., R.J. Collins, and M.H. Mackay (1998). User Guidelines for Waste and By-Product Materials in Pavement Construction, FHWA-RD-97-148, McLean, VA.
Chin, C., and P. Damen (2019) Viability of Using Recycled Plastics in Asphalt and Sprayed Sealing Applications. Austroads Technical Report AP-T351-19, Austroads, Sydney NSW, Australia.
D’Angelo, J. A. (2009) The relationship of the MSCR test to rutting. Road Materials and Pavement Design, Vol.10(1), pp.61-80.
Delgadillo, R., and H. U. Bahia (2011) The relationship between nonlinearity of asphalt binders and asphalt mixture permanent deformation. Road Materials and Pavement Design, Vol.11(3), pp.654-680.
Hicks, R. G., J. R. Lundy, R. B. Leahy, D. Hanson, and J. Epps, (1995) Crumb Rubber Modifiers (CRM) in Asphalt Pavements: Summary of Practices in Arizona, California, and Florida. FHWA-SA-95-056.FHWA. Washington, DC.
Hunter, R. N., Self. A. and Read, J. (2015) The Shell Bitumen Handbook Sixth Edition, Shell International Petroleum Company Ltd, Westminster, London.
López-Moro, F. J., M. C. Moro, F. Hernández-Olivares, B. Witoszek-Schultz, and M. Alonso-Fernández (2013) Microscopic analysis of the interaction between crumb rubber andbitumen in asphalt mixtures using the dry process. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.48, pp.691-699
Lu, X., and U. Isacsson (1996). Rheological characterization of styrene-butadiene-styrene copolymer modified bitumens. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.11(1), pp.23-32.
Massey, L.K. (2003) Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers.2nd edition, Dallas.
Minelgaitė, A., and G. Liobikienė. (2019) Waste problem in European Union and its influence on wastemanagement behaviours. Science of The Total Environment, Vol.667, pp.86-93.
Ngan, S. L., B. S. How, S. Y. Teng, M. A. B. Promentilla, P. Yatim, A. C. Er, and H. L. Lam (2019) Prioritization of sustainability indicators for promoting the circular economy: The case of developing countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.111, pp.314-331.
Tahami, S. A., A. F. Mirhosseini, S. Dessouky, H. Mork, and A. Kavussi.(2019) The use of high content of fine crumb rubber in asphalt mixes using dry process. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.222, pp.643-653.
Torgal, F. P., Y. Ding, and S. Jalali (2012) Properties and durability of concrete containing polymeric wastes (tyre rubber and polyethylene terephthalate bottles). Construction and Building Materials. Vol.30, pp.714-724.
Payne, J., P. McKeown, and M. D. Jones (2019) A circular economy approach to plastic waste. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol.165, pp.170-181.
Sastri, V.R. (2010) Plastics in Medical Devices. 2nd Edition, Chicago.
Shen, J., S. Amirkhanian, F. Xiao, and B. Tang (2009) Surface area of crumb rubber modifier and its influence on high-temperature viscosity of CRM binders. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol.10(5), pp.375-381.
Wang, H., Z. You, J. Mills-Beale, and P. Hao (2012) Laboratory evaluation on high temperature viscosity and low temperature stiffnessof asphalt binder with high percent scrap tire rubber. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 26, pp.583-590.
Zanetti, M.C., B. Barbara, D. Dalmazzo, M. Lanotti, and E. Santagata (2018). Determination of crumb rubber content of asphalt rubber binders. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol.30(4): 04018041.
Yusoff, N.I.M., M.T. Shaw, and G.D. Airey (2011). Modelling the linear viscoelastic rheological properties of bituminous binders. Construction and Building Materials, Vol.25(5), pp.2171-2189.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-07-31起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-07-31起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw