||The effect of leader’s affiliative and aggressive humor toward employee’s emotion and job performance
||Institute of International Business
leader triggered emotions
The study purposes for examining the effect of two kinds of different humor in leadership toward employee emotion and performance. Since leaders are the role model for employees, we assumed that leaders as giver and employees will become the receiver as they will be affected psychologically. This situation will eventually shape their behavior and further affect their work performance in organization. We covered our study by examining the relationship of affiliative humor toward leader triggered positive emotion and aggressive humor toward leader triggered negative emotion. The result showed that both relationships positively related.
Furthermore, emotional regulation moderates the effect of aggressive humor toward leader triggered positive emotion. Next, based on leader triggered emotion, employee will response through psychological state either they will feel alive or exhausted. After that, since this psychological state is showed up, this will take effect on how employees behaved. This study showed that emotional vitality mediates the positive relationship of leader triggered negative emotion to job performance. Following by emotional exhaustion doesn’t mediates the relationship of leader triggered negative emotion to job performance. Based on current study, to improve employees job performance, leaders might consider to use humor as their communication tactics with employees, that the use of humor to let employees more happy in workplace.
TABLE OF CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES IX
LIST OF FIGURES X
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Questions 4
1.3 Research Structure 4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Affiliative humor and leader-triggered positive emotion 9
2.2 Aggressive humor and leader-triggered negative emotion 10
2.3 The mediating role of psychological state 11
2.3.1 Leader triggered positive emotion, emotional vitality, and job performance 13
2.3.2 Leader triggered negative emotion, emotional exhaustion, and job performance 14
2.4 The moderating effect of member power distance toward affiliative humor and leader triggered positive emotion 15
2.5 The moderating effect of emotional regulation toward aggressive humor and leader triggered negative emotion 17
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 19
3.1 Research Framework 19
3.2 Research Hypotheses 20
3.3 Measurement 21
3.3.1 Sense of humor 21
3.3.2 Leader triggered emotions 21
3.3.3 Emotional vitality 22
3.3.4 Emotional exhaustion 22
3.3.5 Member power distance 22
3.3.6 Emotional regulation 22
3.3.7 Job performance 22
3.3.8 Control variables 23
3.4 Questionnaire Design 23
3.4.1 Affiliative humor 23
3.4.2 Aggressive humor 24
3.4.3 Leader triggered positive emotion 25
3.4.4 Leader triggered negative emotion 26
3.4.5 Emotional vitality 26
3.4.6 Emotional exhaustion 27
3.4.7 Member power distance 28
3.4.8 Emotional regulation 28
3.4.9 Job performance 29
3.4.10 Control variables 29
3.5 Data Analysis Methods 30
3.5.1 Descriptive statistical analysis 30
3.5.2 Reliability analysis 31
3.5.3 Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Validity analysis 31
3.5.4 Pearson correlation coefficient 32
3.5.5 Common method variance (CMV) and Non-response bias 32
3.5.6 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis 33
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS 34
4.1 Descriptive Analysis 35
4.2 Reliability Analysis 36
4.3 Confirmatory Factor Analysis 37
4.4 Common Method Variance 39
4.5 Non-Response Bias 40
4.6 Pearson Correlation 41
4.7 Hypotheses Testing 43
4.7.1 Regression Analysis 44
184.108.40.206 Affiliative Humor, Leader Triggered Positive Emotion, and Member Power Distance 44
220.127.116.11 Aggressive Humor, Leader Triggered Negative Emotion, and Emotional Regulation 46
18.104.22.168 Leader Triggered Emotions, Psychological State, and Job Performance 48
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSIONS 50
5.1 Theoretical Implications and Research Contributions 53
5.2 Practical Implications 54
5.3 Limitations and Future Research 55
Questionnaire for Leader (Chinese Version) 62
Questionnaires for Employee (Chinese Version) 67
Questionnaires for Leader (English Version) 71
Questionnaire for Employee (English Version) 76
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