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系統識別號 U0026-0108201812055700
論文名稱(中文) 台灣本島各縣市颱洪災害防救績效評估之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study of Evaluating Typhoon and Flood Disaster Prevention Performance of Taiwan Counties and Cities
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 經濟學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Economics
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 黃俊瑋
研究生(英文) Chun-Wei Huang
學號 U56051112
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 63頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭彥廉
口試委員-林常青
口試委員-李家岩
口試委員-莊明仁
中文關鍵字 績效評估  資料包絡分析法  災害防救 
英文關鍵字 Performance evaluation  Data envelopment analysis  Disaster prevention and rescue 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣位於西太平洋颱風區,因此颱風災害的發生次數較為頻繁,這也使得民眾的生命財產遭受威脅,並且隨著台灣經濟之發展,颱風災害對人民所造成的損失有擴大之趨勢。本篇試圖建立一套客觀的評估模式,並了解防災系統各階段其效率。本研究以西元2009年至2016年台灣本島縣市之數據,並採用資料包絡分析法,求得各縣市其颱洪災害防救效率值。其次,以拔靴法之Tobit迴歸進行分析,了解環境變數對效率值之影響。最後,將防災系統分為中央於地方減災及整備與地方政府救災應變兩個階段,並且分別求其績效,透過中央於地方減災及整備績效之排名,提供減災及整備相關之政策建議。除此之外,透過地方政府救災應變績效之排名,提供救災相關之政策建議。

本研究結果顯示環境變數中的減災預算與颱洪救災效率有顯著的負相關。有關中央於地方減災及整備與地方政府救災應變兩個階段其結果為台灣中北部地區在中央於地方減災及整備效率排名相對較高,並且發現省轄市與台灣東部地區之地方政府救災應變效率排名相對較高。
英文摘要 As Taiwan is located in the western Pacific typhoon area, typhoon disasters occur more frequently, which threatens the life and property of the people. With the development of Taiwan's economy, typhoon and flood disasters have caused an increase in losses to the people. The objective of research is to establish an objective assessment model and to understand the efficiency of the disaster prevention system at all stages. In this study, the data of the island counties and cities in Taiwan from 2009 to 2016 is used and the data envelopment analysis method is adopted to obtain the efficiency of typhoon and flood disaster prevention. Next, we use bootstrapped Tobit regression analysis to understand the impact of environmental variables on the efficiency. Finally, this study divides the disaster prevention system into two stages: the central government to the local disaster mitigation and preparedness (Stage1) and the local government disaster response (Stage 2). Through the rank of the central government to the local disaster mitigation and preparedness (Stage1), we can offer policy advice related to the disaster mitigation and preparedness. In addition, through the rank of the local government disaster response (Stage 2), it can also offer policy advice related to the disaster response.

The result of this study shows that the disaster mitigation budget has a negative and significant correlation with the efficiency of disaster response. The result of the two stages shows that the central and northern part of Taiwan is ranked the most efficient in the central government to the local disaster mitigation and preparedness (Stage1). And, the provincial city and the eastern part of Taiwan are ranked the most efficient in the local government disaster response (Stage 2).

論文目次 目錄
中文摘要I
英文摘要II
誌謝VI
目錄VII
表目錄VIII
圖目錄IX
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的3
第三節 研究架構6
第二章 文獻回顧8
第一節 績效評估研究的發展8
第二節 網絡DEA文獻回顧16
第三節 非意欲產出文獻回顧17
第四節 防災相關的效率分析文獻19
第五節 小節20
第三章 研究方法21
第一節 救災階段投入產出項與模型21
第二節 救災效率影響因素24
第三節 兩階段防災效率分析29
第四節 非意欲產出36
第四章 實證研究38
第一節 資料分析程序 38
第二節 敘述統計40
第三節 地方政府救災效率分析結果44
第四節 兩階段防災效率分析結果53
第五章 結論與建議58
第一節 結論58
第二節 未來研究建議 60
參考文獻61

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