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系統識別號 U0026-0108201316180200
論文名稱(中文) 用於光獵能之積體電路設計技術
論文名稱(英文) Integrated Circuits Design Techniques for Light-Energy Harvesting
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電腦與通信工程研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Computer & Communication
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 劉文權
研究生(英文) Wen-Chuen Liu
電子信箱 wcliu@msic.ee.ncku.edu.tw
學號 N26994504
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 77頁
口試委員 口試委員-江瑞利
口試委員-汪輝明
口試委員-郭永超
指導教授-郭泰豪
口試委員-楊宏澤
中文關鍵字 光能獵能  電流總諧波失真  最大功率追踪  行動裝置  電網併接系統  光伏模組  功率轉換效率  處理電路  穩態精度  暫態時間  無線感測網絡 
英文關鍵字 Light energy harvesting  current total harmonic distortion (THDi)  maximum power point tracking (MPPT)  mobile devices  grid-connected system  photovoltaic (PV) module  power conversion efficiency  processing circuit  steady-state accuracy  transient time  wireless sensor networks (WSN) 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文提出光能處理電路的設計技術,其目標應用含無線感測網絡節點,行動裝置和電網併接系統,並使整體系統維持高效率。
對於無線感測網絡節點,提出了具最大功率追踪之高效節能充電器。該充電器領先現有文獻,整合了最適最大功率與最適功率級切換方案,可在各種光照條件下最大化最大功率追踪效率和功率轉換效率,實現小尺寸無線感測網絡節點的廣泛安裝。
在設計具光伏模組整合之行動裝置上,開發了最適等效負載線斜率調整調整晶片。該晶片為世界第一個同時考量最大功率追踪之暫態時間及穩態精度的作品,並各自達到470μs以及99%以上的表現。搭配負載線斜率調整機制,在不同的太陽能模組下均能維持低的暫態時間。該作品以台積電 0.5μm的互補式金氧半導體製程實現,面積為1.70 x 1.77 mm2。與此同時,為滿足行動裝置對電源供應效率與體積效率的需求,該晶片還擁有94%的峰值功率轉換效率以及168mW/mm2的功率密度。
此外,電網併接系統使用了太陽能優化器搭配併網逆變器的架構,成果之性能超越現有文獻之最先進技術。該架構可使每個光伏模組操作在各自最大功率點且獲得超過99%的穩態精度,同時該架構可以低於5%的電流總諧波失真橋接直流與交流端。整體系統可操作至200W,而太陽能優化器和併網逆變器的峰值功率轉換效率分別為97%和98%。其中,併網逆變器是由所提出之電流失真縮減器晶片所控制,並透過台積電0.5μm的互補式金氧半導體製程完成實作,面積為651 x 767 μm2。
英文摘要 This thesis proposes the design techniques for light-energy processing circuits, which target the applications of wireless sensor network (WSN) node, mobile devices and grid-connected systems.
For WSN nodes, an energy-efficient maximum power point tracking (MPPT) charger, which integrates adaptive MPPT and switching schemes, is proposed for maximizing the MPPT and power conversion efficiency. This concept leads over other literatures of the related field and aids ubiquitous installation of small-size WSN nodes to be a reality.
On the design of photovoltaic (PV) module integrated mobile devices, an adaptive load-line tuning (ALT) IC is developed. The ALT IC implemented in TSMC 0.5μm CMOS process (1.70 x 1.77 mm2) is the first work that simultaneously addresses MPPT transient time and steady-state accuracy, and performances of 470μs and over 99% are achieved respectively. With load-line slope calibration (LSC), for different PV modules, transient time can be maintained low. It also features 94% peak power conversion efficiency and 168mW/mm2 power density fulfilling the power- and volume-efficient requirements of mobile devices.
Furthermore, the grid-connected systems utilizing combination of solar optimizer and inverter outperform the state-of-the-art. It operates each PV module at its unique MPP with over 99% steady-state accuracy, and well bridge DC and AC with current total harmonic distortion (THDi) below 5%. The overall system, which operates up to 200W with the solar optimizer and inverter peaks at 97% and 98% power conversion efficiency respectively. The inverter, which is controlled by a proposed current distortion reducer (CDR) chip, is implemented with TSMC 0.5µm CMOS process (651 x 767 μm2).
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
Acknowledgment III
Table of Contents IV
List of Tables VI
List of Figures VII
Chapter 1 Introductions 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Organization 5
Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Light Energy Harvesting 6
2.1 Irradiance and Illumination 6
2.2 Model of PV devices 9
2.3 Performance Indexes 13
2.4 MPPT Schemes 14
Chapter 3 Energy-Efficient MPPT Charger 17
3.1 Background Survey 18
3.2 Basics for High Efficiency Charger 20
3.2.1 Power Loss Analysis 21
3.2.2 High Efficiency Converters 23
3.2.3 Front- and Rear-end Converters 25
3.2.4 Energy Storage 26
3.3 System Design 27
3.3.1 Adaptive MPPT Scheme 27
3.3.2 Adaptive Switching Schemes 30
3.4 Summary 32
Chapter 4 Adaptive Load-line Tuning 33
4.1 Background Survey 35
4.2 System Design 35
4.2.1 Operating Principle 36
4.2.2 System Algorithm 38
4.2.3 Performance Comparison 39
4.3 Circuit Design 42
4.4 Measurement Results 43
4.5 Summary 47
Chapter 5 Grid-Connected System 48
5.1 Solar Optimizer 49
5.1.1 System Design 49
5.1.2 Circuit Selection 54
5.1.3 Measurement Results 56
5.2 Grid-Connected Inverter 58
5.2.1 System Design 58
5.2.2 Circuit Design 62
5.2.3 Measurement 66
5.3 Summary 69
Chapter 6 Conclusions 70
Reference 71
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