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系統識別號 U0026-0102201522045400
論文名稱(中文) 探討機械性頸部失能症生物力學及神經肌肉適應特徵
論文名稱(英文) Characteristics of Biomechanical Kinematics and Neuromuscular Adaptation for Patients with Mechanical Neck Disorder
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 生物醫學工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of BioMedical Engineering
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 楊家琪
學號 P88991076
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-12-16
論文頁數 84頁
口試委員 指導教授-蘇芳慶
關鍵字(中) 機械性頸部失能症
關鍵字(英) Mechanical neck disorder
Cervical workspace
Smoothness of movement
Neuromuscular adaptation
Motor unit
Motor unit short-term synchronization
中文摘要 在現今的生活型態中,機械性頸部失能症已成為一普遍及惱人的肌肉骨骼系統疾病。根據流行病學統計,不僅機械性頸部失能症具有極高的盛行率,其復發率更是逐漸攀升。雖然造成機械性頸部失能症的病因仍存在爭議,機械性頸部失能症已受到臨床上及相關的研究領域極大的重視,同時,機械性頸部失能症對現今人類健康的威脅亦越來越嚴重。儘管過去研究證實異常的頸部活動度是機械性頸部失能症患者常見的臨床症狀,然而因為頸部複雜的解剖結構,導致目前尚無法清楚地釐清頸部的生物力學上運動學特徵。因此,本論文的目的將利用量化生物力學觀點來探討健康人與機械性頸部失能症患者間的頸部運動學特徵。首先,將以三維工作空間的概念取代臨床上常用的角度參數,來描述頸部執行環繞動作時的運動學。除此,也將延伸頻譜熵的概念來分析頸部執行環繞動作時運動學特性,如動作平滑度。另ㄧ方面,因為運動單元為神經肌肉系統基本運作組成單元且研究證實頸部失能症患者其頸部屈肌,如胸鎖乳突肌的肌電生理功能具有障礙現象,本論文亦將觀察頸部兩側主要表淺屈肌運動單元的肌電生理特徵。
英文摘要 Mechanical neck disorder is commonly viewed as a widespread and unnerved musculoskeletal condition in modern lifestyle. Not only the prevalence of neck pain in the general population is considerably high, but the rate of recurrence of neck pain is also increasing. Although the etiology of MND is largely under debate, MND has attracted attention in clinical setting and research field for a long period of time and the threat to healthy issues is still getting more and more severe. Despite aberrant cervical mobility in patients with MND, published evidences still fail to comprehend thoroughly the complicated biomechanical kinematics because of the complexity of the anatomical structures of the cervical spine. Therefore, the objectives of this current dissertation aimed to further clarify the three-dimensional kinematics of the cervical spin for patients with MND and asymptomatic populations from quantitative biomechanical assessments. The concept of the three-dimensional workspace was modified to describe the complicated kinematics of the cervical spine during circumduction, which integrated the movements of all major anatomical planes instead of the conventional angular parameters. Furthermore, the quality of the kinematics of the cervical spine, such as the smoothness of movement during cervical circumduction was simultaneously observed using the concept of spectral entropy. On the other hand, since the motor units are fundamental functional units of the neuromuscular system and dysfunction in the cervical flexor muscles, especially the sternocleidomastoid muscles, has been found to be associated with neck pain, the electrophysiological properties of the motor units of the sternocleidomastoid muscles were also characterized.
Based on the findings of the current dissertation, it was found that the workspace during cervical circumduction was successfully proposed to be a feasible and alternative mathematical model for assessing the complicated kinematics of the cervical spine quantitatively, reporting significant reduction in the normalization of the cervical workspace. Meanwhile, less smooth cervical movements in patients with MND was identified in contrast to asymptomatic individuals. Finally, patients with MND exhibited higher values of initial and mean firing rates and lower short-term synchronization of the motor units pairs of the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
Thus, these convinced evidences indicated that patients with MND might be more likely to modify motor control strategies to execute the cervical activities of daily living due to alternations in neural recruitment strategies of the motor units, such as increased recruitment firing rates of the motor units of the sternocleidomastoid muscles. These valuable information could further offer a clinical relevance for clarifying characteristics of motor control strategies for patients with MND and allow guiding the clinicians to evaluate the extent of impairment of the cervical spine easily and quickly and monitor the efficacy of rehabilitation programs in patients with MND in clinical practice.
論文目次 Abstract I
中文摘要 III
誌謝 V
Table of Contents VI
List of Tables VIII
List of Figures IX
Chapter 1. General Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Significance 1
1.2 Epidemiology of MND 3
1.3 Quantitative biomechanical cervical kinematics for MND 4
1.4 Quality of cervical kinematics for MND 6
1.5 Neuromuscular adaptations for MND 7
1.6 Specified aims of the present dissertation 9
1.7 Outlines of the present dissertation 10
Chapter 2. A New Concept for Quantifying the Complicated Kinematics of the Cervical Spine and Its Application in Evaluating the Impairment of Patients with MND 11
2.1 Introduction 11
2.2 Materials and Methods 14
2.2.1 Subjects 14
2.2.2 Apparatus 15
2.2.3 Experimental Procedures 17
2.2.4 Data Processing 18
2.2.5 Data Analysis 20
2.3 Results 21
2.4 Discussion 23
2.5 Conclusion 29
Chapter 3. Comparison of Cervical Movement Smoothness between Patients with MND and Asymptomatic Individuals Using the Spectral Entropy Method 30
3.1 Background 30
3.2 Materials and Methods 33
3.2.1 Subjects 33
3.2.2 Apparatus 34
3.2.3 Experimental Procedures 35
3.2.4 Data Processing 36
3.2.5 Data Analysis 37
3.3 Results 37
3.4 Discussion 40
3.5 Conclusion 43
Chapter 4. Characteristics of the Motor Units of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscles between Patients with MND and Asymptomatic Individuals 44
4.1 Background 44
4.2 Materials and Methods 47
4.2.1 Subjects 47
4.2.2 Apparatus for electromyography signal detection 48
4.2.3 Experimental Procedures 49
4.2.4 Identification for individual motor unit action potential train 51
4.2.5 Data Processing 54
4.2.6 Recruitment characteristics of motor units 54
4.2.7 Motor unit short-term synchronization 57
4.2.8 Data Analysis 60
4.3 Results 60
4.4 Discussion 65
4.5 Conclusion 69
Chapter 5. General Conclusion 71
5.1 Overview of conclusion 71
5.2 Clinical applications 73
5.3 Limitations of the dissertation 75
References 76
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------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 2 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-0108201616300300
論文名稱(中文) 論新世紀音樂之美
論文名稱(英文) An Analysis of the Musical Aesthetics of New Age Music
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 藝術研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Art Studies
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 廖少萍
學號 K46001027
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-18
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊金峯
關鍵字(中) 新世紀音樂
關鍵字(英) New age music
New age movement
Musical aesthetics
Music therapy
中文摘要 摘 要

  「新世紀音樂」(New Age Music) 或稱「新時代音樂」的起源,可追溯到1973年,於舊金山的一場音樂聚會,是一種新的音樂類別。當年與會的作曲家發現他們都不約而同的創作同一類型的音樂,並奉行著新世紀運動 (New age Movement,或稱新時代運動) 的生活理念,由於這些作曲家的作品不同於流行或古典音樂,因此有人稱之為 “New Age”。New Age指約於1960年代在歐美各國開始不約而同萌芽的心靈啟蒙活動,本研究發現新世紀音樂 (或稱「新時代音樂」) 和新時代運動 (New age movement) 有密切的關係,並且具有後現代的特徵。


New age music is a genre of music intended to create inspiration and relaxation. It is used by listeners for meditation, stress management and yoga. New age music is closely related to the new age movement and includes various musical styles and trends.

In this thesis, Chapter One introduces the brief history, characteristics, and spirit of new age music. Chapter Two explores the musical aesthetics using music sociology and music psychology. Furthermore, it discusses the spirit of musical aesthetics from the viewpoint of East and West. New age music comes from the West, but it contains much aesthetic thought from the East. Chapter Three explores the form and content of new age music, and it also analyzes the musical elements of new age music. Chapter Four discusses the function and analyzes the practical applications of the musical aesthetic of new age music, such as music therapy, advertising music and film scoring, and background music for meditation or yoga.

New age music encourages personal empowerment, earth connectedness, space consciousness, and interpersonal awareness. Furthermore, it offers the values and functions of music, which enrich our spirit and enhance our life standard.

Key words: New age music, New age movement, Musical aesthetics, Music therapy
論文目次 目 次
緒 論 1
第一章 關於新世紀音樂 15
第一節 新世紀音樂的起源 16
第二節 新世紀音樂的種類 18
第三節 新世紀音樂的精神與理念 22
第四節 臺灣新世紀音樂的近況 25
第二章 新世紀音樂美學之多方探討 29
第一節 社會學的角度 31
第二節 心理學的角度 39
第三節 東西方音樂美學的交融 43
第三章 新世紀音樂美學之音樂要素的探析 55
第一節 音樂的形式 55
第二節 音樂的內容 70
第三節 音樂的表現 80
第四章 新世紀音樂美學的應用 85
第一節 音樂療法 85
第二節 電影與廣告的配樂 93
第三節 新時代運動與瑜伽的應用 96
結 論 99
參考文獻 101

譜例 1:Kevin Kern, 〈Through your eyes〉 (節錄) 61
譜例 2:Kevin Kern, 〈Through your eyes〉 (節錄) 62

表格 1:新世紀鋼琴之常用調一覽表 65

圖 1:鋼琴音域與音區 69
圖 2:新世紀音樂《閒日飄盪的雲》之音樂標題列表 77
圖 3:新世紀音樂《水漾》之音樂標題列表 77
圖 4:新世紀音樂的專輯封面之1 78
圖 5:新世紀音樂的專輯封面之2 79
圖 6:新世紀音樂的專輯封面之3 79
圖 7:新世紀音樂的專輯封面之4 80
參考文獻 參考文獻

(一) 中文書目 (依年代順序排列)
張洪模 主編。《音樂美學卷》。臺北市:洪葉文化,1993年。
鄭開來。《New Age新時代音樂發燒書》。臺北市:皇冠出版社,1995年。
李 虻。《音樂研究的方法與論文寫作問答》。北京:人民音樂出版社,2011年。
張 前、王次炤。《音樂美學基礎》。北京:人民音樂出版社,2012年。
張 前。《音樂美學教程》。上海市:上海音樂出版社,2013年。
(二) 翻譯專書 (依英文姓氏第一個字母及年代順序排列)
Anthony Storr著,張嚶嚶 譯。《音樂與心靈》。臺北市:知英文化出版社,1998年。
安德利亞·柏格米亞 著,楊湘玲 譯。《世界音樂》。臺北市:青林國際出版,1997年。
安默兒 著 (Christine Ammer),貓頭鷹編輯部 編譯。《音樂辭典》。臺北市:貓頭鷹出版社,2005年。
卡爾西蕭 (Carl E. Seashore) 著,郭長揚譯。《音樂美學》(In Search of Beauty in Music)。臺北市:大陸書局,1981年。
Edward Lippman著,方銘健 譯。《西洋音樂美學史》(A History of Western Musical Aesthetics)。臺北市:國立編譯館,2000年。
Hugo Riemann著,繆天瑞 等譯。《音樂美學要義》。上海市:上海音樂出版社,2005年。
Hugh M. Miller、Paul Taylor、Edgar Williams著,桂冠學術編輯室 譯。《音樂概論》。臺北市:桂冠出版社,1999年。
Mary Bassano著,徐文 譯。《音樂與色彩療法》。臺北市:世界文物出版社,1995年。
Roger Kamien著,王美珠 等譯。《音樂認識與欣賞》。臺北市:麥格羅希爾,2005年。
斯蒂芬˙戴維斯 (Stephen Daveies) 著,宋瑾、柯楊 譯。《音樂的意義與表現》(Musical Meaning and Expression)。湖南省:湖南文藝出版社,2007年。
柴柯夫斯基 著,陳原 譯。《我的音樂生活:柴科夫斯基與梅克夫人通信集》。北京市:人民音樂出版社, 1981年。
村井靖兒 著,吳鏘煌 譯。《音樂療法的基礎》。臺北縣:稻田出版社,2002年。
(三) 原文專書 (依英文姓氏第一個字母及年代順序排列)
Charles Jencks, The Post-modern Reader, London:Academic Editions, 1992.
Henk N. Werkhoven, The International Guide to New Age Music, New York: Billboard Books, 1997.
Joseph Machlis, Introduction to Contemporary Music, New York:W. W. Norton & Company, 1996.
Lehrer, Paul M.; David H. (FRW) Barlow, Robert L. Woolfolk, Wesley E. Sime, Principles and Practice of Stress Management, New York: Guilford Press, 2007.
Kelly, Aidan A., New Age Encyclopedia, Detroi: Gale Reaserach,1990.
Patti Jean Birosik, The New Age Music Guide, New York:Collier Books, 1989.
Ron Rhodes, New Age Movement, Michign:Blackwell Publishers, 1995.
Richard Taruskin, Music in the late twentieth century, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
(四) 中文期刊論文
1. 中文期刊
方無行。〈當代樂壇的新陣線:New Age Music〉。《音樂與音響》。期186,(1988年)。
見晴。〈電影配樂的新時代─New Age Music在電影中的運用〉。《世界電影》。期297,(1993年9月)。
2. 中文學位論文
(五) 西文期刊論文
1. 西文期刊
Dennis Hall, ”New Age music: A voice of Liminality in postmodern Popular Culture”, Popualr Music and Society Journal, Volume 18, Issue 2, (1994).
Kelly, Aidan A., “Music and the New Age.”, New Age Encyclopedia., Detroi: Gale Reaserach, (1990).
Susan Grove Hall, “New Age music: An analysis of an Ecstasy”, Popualr Music and Society Journal, Volume 18, Issue 2, (1994).
2. 西文學位論文
Leanne Brooke King: New age music: Issues of history, perception, and reality, English, (Michigan : Michigan State University, M.A. Thesis, 2005)
(六) 樂譜
(七) 影音資料
Shalila Sharamon、Bodo J. Baginski。《七輪冥想》。臺北市:風潮音樂代理,1996年。
喜多郎。《絲綢之路》。臺北市:forward music,2003。
彭 靖。《夏天來了》。風潮音樂 TCD-5261,2003。
彭 靖。《山居歲月》。風潮音樂 TCD-5250,2002。
(八) 參考網路資料
New Age Interview
http://www.barnesandnoble.com/error.asp?dec=404 (2013/11/01檢索)
http://www.uho.com.tw/focus.asp?sid=88&id=994 (2013/11/23 檢索)
http://store.windmusic.com.tw/zh/CD/SB-005 (2014/10/13檢索)
http://www.twwiki.com/wiki/%E5%92%8C%E8%81%B2 (2014/10/31檢索)
Red bull music academy daily
http://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/2012/08/steven-halpern-interview (2015/8/4檢索)
http://www.spiritualbathhouse.com/#!energy-healing/c4wf (2015/12/6檢索)
Power of Thought Meditation Music
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfAH3hHYHE (2016/4/11 檢索)
Brainwave Power Music
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ-I1Xcrf5i7v2_gv75r3OA?nohtml5=False (2016/4/11檢索)
http://www.dengzhineng.cn/?p=1296 (2016/4/30檢索)
http://www.books.com.tw/products/M020002344 (2016/5/8 檢索)
http://www.books.com.tw/exep/cdfile.php?item=0020190187 (2016/5/9 檢索)
http://www.jingo.com.tw/one_star?i=62 (2016/5/24 檢索)
http://store.windmusic.com.tw/zh/CD/TCD-9106 (2016/6/7 檢索)
http://www.cnas.org.tw/WebMaster/?section=18 (2016/6/12 檢索)
http://www.gvm.com.tw/Boardcontent_4081.html (2016/6/19 檢索)
http://www.oshoparty.com/D001.php?page=45 (2014/10/15檢索)
http://hep.ccic.ntnu.edu.tw/browse2.php?s=681 (2016/5/1 檢索)
https://www.5music.com.tw/CDList-C.asp?cdno=426485679791 (2016/6/11 檢索)
http://www.artisttrove.com/artist/106225902741605/Kitar%C5%8D (2016/6/20) 檢索。
http://ananedu.com/adage/dictum/52.html (2016/6/24檢索)
奧福音樂教育http://www.orff4kids.com/?page_id=384 (2016/6/24檢索)
http://www.shsmusic.tw/index.php?REQUEST_ID=bW9kPXByb2R1Y3QmcGFnZT1kZXRhaWwmUElEPTQ5NTA2Jm9wPXNlYXJjaA==&pn=0 (2016/07/08 檢索)
https://www.amazon.cn/喜多郎-世界文明音乐巨匠/dp/B00200LNJU (2016/7/11 檢索)
http://sa.ylib.com/MagCont.aspx?Unit=featurearticles&id=2570 (2016/07/11 檢索)
https://www.talubook.com/index.php?route=product/product&path=20000_20900_90741&product_id=9256 (2016/7/16 檢索)
(九) 其他

------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 3 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-0109201606060300
論文名稱(中文) 基於慣性感測器與姿態角量測之阿茲海默氏症諮詢系統
論文名稱(英文) The Consultation System for Alzheimer's Disease based on Inertial Sensor and Euler Angle
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電腦與通信工程研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Computer & Communication
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 羅際詮
學號 Q36031172
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-20
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-詹寶珠
關鍵字(中) 阿茲海默氏症
關鍵字(英) Alzheimer’s disease
Inertial sensors、Euler angle
Missing data
Support vector machine
Movement analysis
中文摘要 本論文主旨在於開發基於性感測器之人體姿態分析系統,透過觀察身體角度的連續變化,應用於阿茲海默式症之徵狀評估。首先,本論文設計了single-task、dual-task、Time Up and Go Test三種動作測驗,並且透過穿戴式慣性感測器配置於受測者的腰部中心、雙腳腳背上,藉此取得受測者的動作訊號。接著,本論文提出一種基於支持向量機之阿茲海默氏症患者動作評估演算法,將擷取的動作訊號進行前處理,並基於Mahony的互補式濾波器計算尤拉角,同時使用梯度轉換擷取動作特徵,依據動作特徵的性質建立九種分類器,透過投票機制給予動作表現評分,藉此評估阿茲海默氏症與正常人在動作表現上的差異以及參考指標,並且結合協同過濾(Collaborative Filtering)的方式建構彈性調整的評估架構。最後經結果顯示,本論文提出的方法在辨認阿茲海默氏症患者與正常人之間在動作表現上可達到82.22%的準確率,並且在加入帕金森氏症患者時也與正常人在動作表上有78.2%的準確率,透過以上實驗結果可以驗證本論文提出方法之有效性。期望本論文提出的系統架構可以有效幫助醫護人員在臨床診斷時作為一個評估工具,將繁瑣的工作自動化減輕臨床診斷時的負擔。
英文摘要 The purpose of the thesis is use inertial sensors to collect the movement signal and calculated the participants’ body angle. Then, the thesis use the Euler angle algorithm for Alzheimer’s disease(AD) subjects to classification. First, the thesis designed a series of dynamic procedures to determine subjects’ balance ability. The dynamic procedures will asked the subjects wore the inertial sensors on waist and toe. Second, the thesis designed the consultation system for Alzheimer's disease based on inertial sensor including signal preprocessing, Euler angle, feature extraction, feature normalization, and support vector machine-based classifier to separate AD patients from healthy people. And then, we design two movement grading mechanism to patient’s behave. One is multiple classifiers voting, and the other is collaborative filtering. Finally, the results showed that the optimal accuracy was closed to 82.22 percent for classifier to separate Alzheimer’s disease patients and healthy participants. We expect the proposed the consultation system for Alzheimer's disease may help the medical care practitioners to reduce the burden.
論文目次 摘要 I
目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIII
Chapter 1 介紹 1
1-1 動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 論文架構 2
Chapter 2 文獻探討 3
2-1 阿茲海默氏症動作測驗 3
2-2 慣性感測器之動作分析 4
2-3 分類器 6
Chapter 3 姿態量測演算法 8
3-1 訊號前處理 9
3-1-1 儀器效正 9
3-1-2 低通濾波 11
3-2 尤拉角 12
3-2-1 四元數 12
3-2-2 Mahony互補式濾波 15
3-3 姿態量測 17
3-3-1 訊號主成份分析 18
3-3-2 晃動姿態量測 20
3-3-3 步伐量測 22
3-3-4 起立行走量測 24
Chapter 4 阿茲海默氏症諮詢演算法 27
4-1 分類演算法 28
4-1-1 特徵擷取 28
4-1-2 支持向量機分類演算法 32
4-1-3 投票機制 35
4-2 協同過濾 37
Chapter 5 系統介紹 41
5-1 動機與目的 41
5-2 系統架構 42
5-3 介面設計 44
5-4 執行流程 48
Chapter 6 實驗結果 53
6-1 實驗設計 53
6-1-1 裝置介紹 53
6-1-2 受測者 55
6-1-3 實驗步驟 56
6-2 演算法驗證 58
6-2-1 步伐偵測結果 58
6-2-2 資料缺失結果 60
6-3 諮詢結果與討論 61
6-3-1 動作評估 61
6-3-2 相關疾病比較 64
6-4 討論 70
Chapter 7 結論及未來工作 73
7-1 結論 73
7-2 未來工作 74
References 75
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[14] H. Rouhani, J. Favre, X. Crevoisier, K. Aminian, "Ambulatory measurement of ankle kinetics for clinical applications, " Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 44, pp. 2712-2718, 2011.

[15] I. Tien, S. D.Glaser, R. Bajcsy, D. S.Goodin, M. J. Aminoff, "Results of Using a Wireless Inertial Measuring System to Quantify Gait Motions in Control Subjects," IEEE Trans Biomed, vol.14, pp. 904-915, 2010.

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系統識別號 U0026-0208201611084300
論文名稱(中文) 音場:機遇音樂的空間探索
論文名稱(英文) The Sound Field: A Spatial Exploration Inspired by Aleatory Music
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 林瑋倫
學號 n76024090
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-07
論文頁數 127頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉舜仁
關鍵字(中) Arduino
John Cage
關鍵字(英) Arduino
John Cage
Music and Architecture
Aleatory Music
Maker Movement
中文摘要 音樂與建築,向來被人們認為關係緊密,長久以來,亦不乏探索在這兩者間的作品與論述。然而,不同時代的理論觀念,不論在音樂或建築領域的觀念演進,甚或大時代下的思潮、運動更迭,多少影響著音樂與建築間探索與詮釋的面向。


第一章 緒論
第二章 文獻回顧
第三章 機遇音樂
第四章 控制與發展
第五章 音場
第六章 結論及後續討論
英文摘要 The relationship between music and architecture has been considered to be inseparable. For a long time, there is no lack of works and treatises discussing between the two subjects as well. Nevertheless, different theories or ideological trends did influence the dimensions of exploration between music and architecture more or less.

John Cage's "aleatory music" plays a vital coordinate in music history. It did initiate an entirely new method to musical composition. As the maker movement becomes dominant, the main target in this thesis design is seeking any linking possibility between aleatory music and space by Arduino (one of main tool emerged with maker movement).

There are six phases in this thesis:
1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Aleatory Music
4. Control and Development
5. the Sound Field
6. Discussion and Conclusion
論文目次 I 摘要
VI 謝誌
X 表目錄
XI 圖目錄
1 Ⅰ 緒論
2 1-1研究背景
3 1-2研究目的
3 1-3研究對象
4 Ⅱ 文獻回顧
5 2-1音樂
7 2-2音樂與建築_討論向度
11  2-3自造者運動
13 2-4音樂與建築_互動初探
15 2-5小結
16 Ⅲ 機遇音樂
16 3-1 約翰.凱吉與機遇音樂
20 3-2 機遇音樂與建築
21 3-3 小結
22 Ⅳ 控制與發展
23 4-1 Arduino
25 4-2 控制
26 4-3 原型:Duo-frame
28 4-4 型態發展
29  4-4-1 Floating Fabric
31  4-4-2 Silver
33  4-4-3 Prepared Instrument
35 4-5 小結
36 Ⅴ 音場
37  5-1 再見凱吉
38  5-1-1 場地
41  5-1-2 音場
48 5-2 記錄與檢討
48  5-2-1 空間層面
52  5-2-2 技術層面
54 Ⅵ 討論與結論
54  6-1討論與結論
55  6-2後續研究
56 R 參考文獻
60 A 附錄
62 A-1 案例比較
66 A-2 音樂發展進程
68  A-2-1 機率音樂的發展
69 A-3 工業發展進程
73  A-3-1 Arduino的發展
73  A-3-2 自造者運動的發展
74 A-4 測試練習
74  A-4-1 馬達類型與接線方式記錄
75  A-4-2 聲音偵測的接線方式及記錄
77  A-4-3 聲音偵測及馬達的接線方式及記錄
78 A-5 形態發展
78  A-5-1 Floating Fabric
80  A-5-2 Silver
90  A-5-3 Prepared Instrument
100 A-6 Arduino編程
參考文獻 中文專書

王增才(2000)。 世界現代史(上)(1-13頁)。 臺北 : 三民書局股份有限公司。







徐德發(譯)(2012)。Arduino錦囊妙計(Micheal Margolis)。臺北:碁峰資訊股份有限公司。


耿濟之(譯)(1987)。藝術論(Tolstoy, L. N.)。臺北:金楓出版有限公司。

曼葉平(譯)(2005)。音樂簡史(Bekker, P. Loon, H. W. v.)(2-7頁)。北京:中國友誼出版公司。

劉從虹(譯)(2005)。建築:形式、空間和秩序(Ching, F. D. K.)。臺北:建築情報季刊雜誌社。


Anderson, C. (2012). Makers: the new industrial revolution. New York, United States of America:Crown Business.

Bandur, M. (2011). Aesthetics of Total Serialism-Contemporary Research from Music to Architecture:Birkhauser.

Corbusier, L. (1954). The Modulor (P. d. F. A. Bostock. Trans.). U.S.A., THE M.I.T PRESS.

Cage, J. (1961). Silence. U.S.A:Wesleyan University Press.

Martin, E. (1994). Architecture as a Translation of Music: (Pamphlet Architecture 16). Switzerland.

Pritchett, J. (1993). The Music of John Cage. UK, the Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge.







盧永騰(2013)。《景新市場》—Pure Data應用於新媒體表演之創作研究(碩士論文)。國立臺灣藝術大學多媒體動畫藝術學系新媒體藝術碩士班。新北市。



Casewit, N. W. (1987). Related Exploraltions In Architectural And Musical Composition(master's thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology(M.I.T.) Department of Architecture, USA. Retrieved from http://libraries.mit.edu/docs.

Christensen, P. (2007). Spatial Polyphony-virtual Architecture Generated From The Music Of J.S. Bach(master's thesis). University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Sheppard, M.(2011). The Music Of Architecture(master's thesis). Virginia TechWlexandria Architecture Center (WAAC), Alexandria, Virginia.

VanderPoel, P. (2003)。Polyrhythms And Architecture(master's thesis). the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Wlexandria Architecture Center (WAAC), Alexandria, Virginia.


ART+COM. (2003). COMPOSING THE LINE. Retrived from https://artcom.de/project/composing-the-lines/

Chris Chafe. (2002). Oxygen Flute. Retrieved from http://sjmusart.org/exhibition/chris-chafe-and-greg-niemeyer-oxygen-flute

Jacquot, B. (2014). sparkfun/Sound_Detector. Retrived from https://github.com/sparkfun/Sound_Detector

rholladay. (2014). HANSRYANHOLLADAY. 【To hear this music you have to be there】. Retrived from http://www.hrholladay.com/location-aware-music/


------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 5 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-0208201615460900
論文名稱(中文) 降雨入滲和岩盤出滲引發土體崩塌之數值模擬
論文名稱(英文) Numerical Simulations on the Landslide Motions of an Inclined Soil Layer Caused by Rain Infiltration and Bedrock Exfiltration
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 陳新霖
學號 N86034039
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-05-20
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-詹錢登
關鍵字(中) 崩塌
關鍵字(英) Landslide movement
Rainfall infiltration
Bedrock exfiltration
Rapid sliding
Intermittent slipping
中文摘要 崩塌係指土體受重力作用沿坡面向下運動的現象,且會對人民的生命財產造成嚴重的威脅。土層內部孔隙水壓的變化是崩塌發生及其運動行為的重要影響因子。降雨入滲及岩盤出滲皆會改變土層內的孔隙水壓,進而致使土體發生滑動。本研究以牛頓第二運動定律及壓力擴散模式為基礎,考慮土層的膨脹角 以及摩擦係數μ可隨運動過程而改變,然後分別考慮在降雨入滲或岩盤出滲之條件下,分析無限邊坡土層的崩塌運動行為。結果顯示,超額孔隙水壓的產生與來源,會控制崩塌的運動類型。降雨入滲誘發土體運動的行為可分成靜止不動或快速滑動,而岩盤出滲誘發土體運動的行為則為靜止不動、快速滑動或間歇性滑動。土體靜止不動的原因為水從頂部入滲或底部出滲進入土塊內,最後的平衡水壓小於滑動臨界孔隙水壓;土體發生快速滑動的原因為水從頂部或底部進入土塊內,最後的平衡水壓大於滑動臨界孔隙水壓;而土體發生間歇性滑動的原因則為水從底部出滲進入土塊內,水直接作用在土體岩盤交界面,造成某一時間內的水壓大於滑動臨界孔隙水壓產生滑動,但其最後的平衡水壓小於滑動臨界孔隙水壓最後靜止不動。接著本研究將無限邊坡土層進行延伸,使土層從斜坡滑動一段距離後滑入一水平坡面,利用該模式探討降雨入滲和岩盤出滲對崩塌位移量的影響。其結果顯示當土體發生快速滑動時,水平滑行距離會與降雨強度或岩盤出滲強度成線性關係,但與進入土體內的降雨入滲量、岩盤出滲量無關。另一方面,當土體發生間歇性滑動時,其間歇性滑動位移量會與總岩盤出滲量和出滲強度成線性關係。本研究之研究成果可供未來做崩塌警戒時的參考。
英文摘要 Landslides are the mass movement caused by gravity down the slope on hillsides, and can threaten people's lives and properties. Landslides and its movement mainly are controlled by change in internal the pore water pressure. Rain infiltration and bedrock exfiltration can change pore water pressure within the soil layer, thereby causing the soil slides. In this study, we developed a model that describe the velocity of block sliding down an inclined plane governed by Newton’s equation of motion and diffusion equation, considering the dilatancy angle and friction coefficient could vary with block displacement. Then we can use this model to analyze the soil layer motion along an infinite slope influenced by rainfall infiltration or bedrock exfiltration, respectively. Results show that the sources of excess pore pressure that control the types of landslide motion. Under rainfall infiltration conditions, the motion of landslide can be categorized into stationary and rapid sliding, and that into stationary, rapid sliding and intermittent slipping caused by bedrock exfiltration conditions. In addition, this study extended infinite slope theory that soil layers can slide a certain distance on a slope to a horizontal plane, further using this model to clarify the relationships between the displacement of block, rainfall infiltration and bedrock exfiltration. Results show that when the block occurs rapid sliding, horizontal sliding distance could be a linear relationship with respect to the intensities of rainfall infiltration and bedrock exfiltration. Also, when the block occurs intermittent slipping, the displacement of intermittent slipping will be a linear relationship with respect to the amount and intensity of bedrock exfiltration. The model develop in this study can provide useful information and thereby refined the prediction, prevention and mitigation of geological disasters.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 VI
目錄 VII
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XI
符號說明 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 1
1.3 本文架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 崩塌的定義及分類 3
2.2 降雨入滲引發之崩塌運動 5
2.3 岩盤出滲引發之崩塌運動 9
第三章 模式建立 13
3.1 基礎理論 13
3.2 運動控制方程式 13
3.3 擴散方程式 16
3.3.1入滲超額孔隙水壓 17
3.3.2滑動超額孔隙水壓 19
3.4 無因次化控制方程式 23
3.4.1 無因次化運動控制方程式 23
3.4.2 無因次化入滲超額孔隙水壓擴散方程式 24
3.4.3 無因次化滑動超額孔隙水壓擴散方程式 25
第四章 數值方法 26
4.1 柴比雪夫配置法 26
4.1.1 波譜法 26
4.1.2 柴比雪夫多項式 27
4.2 Runge-Kutta 4th order method 29
4.4 入滲超額孔隙水壓數值解 30
4.5 滑動超額孔隙水壓、滑行速度數值解 36
第五章 結果與討論 43
5.1 崩塌運動類型之模擬 43
5.1.1 臨界坡度 43
5.1.2 土體參數設定 43
5.1.3 滑動臨界孔隙水壓 45
5.1.4 降雨入滲引發之崩塌類型 46
5.1.5 岩盤出滲引發之崩塌類型 51
5.2 崩塌警戒模式建立 58
5.2.1 總降雨入滲量和總岩盤出滲量與平衡水壓之關係式 58
5.2.2 降雨入滲&岩盤出滲與快速滑動水平距離之關係式 60
5.2.3 岩盤出滲與底部最大入滲超額孔隙水壓之關係式 62
5.2.4 岩盤出滲與間歇性滑動位移量之關係式 63
第六章 結論與建議 66
6.1 結論 66
6.2 建議 67
參考文獻 68
附錄 72
A.配置點NC收斂性分析 72
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系統識別號 U0026-0309201516594000
論文名稱(中文) 大學生基本權利與自治的保障
論文名稱(英文) On Protection of College Students’ Basic Rights and Autonomy
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 法律學系
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Legal Sciences
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 盧浩平
學號 U28951029
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2015-07-17
論文頁數 271頁
口試委員 指導教授-許育典
關鍵字(中) 大學生自治
關鍵字(英) Autonomy of College Students
Aacdemic Freedom
Freedom of Association
Student Movement
Fundamental Right of Education
中文摘要 2011年公布的司法院大法官釋字第684號解釋,延續多年來司法實務去除加諸於大學生身上的特別權力關係的努力。隨之而來的問題,則是要釐清關於大學生的權利及其界限。本論文擇定大學生自治作為應用理論的主題,從德國與美國的大學發展開始,進入學術自由的探討,並檢視大學生在入學前後的權利,理解大學乃同時為學術自由及教育基本權的客觀法功能的具體實踐。在我國,大學生自治係學生運動體制化的成果,為大學自治的一環,亦受大學生結社自由的保障。從而,大學應明定大學生自治的內容,並提供必要的保障。
英文摘要 Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 684 in 2011 is a continuous effort made by judicial practice to remove the special-power-relationship restriction on college students. Following this interpretation is the task to find out the rights of college students and the limit on them. This study targets college students' autonomy to further illustrate the right of the same.. In the beginning there is an introduction of development of university system in Germany and U. S., and next we discuss academic freedom and the rights of students before and after enrollment, thereby we come to a conclusion that the university institution is a result of objective-law-function of academic freedom and fundamental right of education. Autonomy of college students in Taiwan, as a result of institutionalization of student movement, is a part of university autonomy and in the protection of freedom of association. Therefore, the universities are obligated to provide regulation for student autonomy as well as necessary protection.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
壹、研究動機 1
貳、研究目的 4
一、整理並型塑基礎理論 4
二、建構具體制度 8
(一)自治事務 8
(二)自治組織 8
1. 學生會 8
2. 其他學生自治組織 10
(三)自治的運作 11
參、研究範圍與研究方法 11
肆、論文架構 13
第二章 大學的發展與學術自由 15
壹、大學的源由及發展:以德美二國為例 15
一、德國 15
(一)歷史發展脈絡 16
1. 中古以降 16
2. 二次世界大戰之後 18
(二)2000年後的課題 23
二、美國 28
(一)源自英國的傳承 28
1. 中古到第一次世界大戰結束 28
2. 第一次世界大戰後 30
3. 進入21世紀 35
(二)大學發展的理念 36
(三)高等教育的架構 37
1. 社區大學(2年制公立大學) 37
2. 公立大學 38
3. 私立大學 38
4. 營利型高等教育學校 39
(四)大學治理 40
1. 內部 40
2. 影響治理的力量 40
(五)未來的課題 42
三、小結 45
貳、學術自由 47
一、比較法的觀點 47
(一)德國法制 48
1. 憲法的依據及體系位置 48
2. 須特別強調的性質 50
3. 保護法益與功能的建構 63
(二)美國法制 69
1. 歷史上的傳承及發展 70
2. 內容及保障範圍 75
3. 憲法依據 77
二、我國的發展 81
(一)釋字第380號解釋以前 82
(二)釋字第380號解釋之後 84
1. 法制 85
2. 學說研究 86
3. 實務 92
參、小結 96
第三章 大學生權利:入學前後 99
壹、 入學許可請求權的可能依據分析 99
一、學習自由 100
(一)與實際情形不符 102
(二)大學的雙重性質 103
1. 人力資源配置 104
2. 經費資源配置 106
二、工作權 110
(一)非職業控管 111
(二)見解移植的檢視 113
1. 德國學位制度調整造成的轉變 113
2. 套用至我國的評估 116
三、教育基本權 117
(一)動機需求層次論 117
(二)單一教育基本權的可行性 119
(三)現行法下的依據 125
(四)與大學自治的關係 126
貳、入學後:權利依據及限制 126
一、在學關係 127
(一)私法關係 128
1. 美國大學生法律地位的轉變 128
2. 契約關係概述 130
(二)公法關係 137
(三)我國的學理及實務 139
(四)本文的看法 141
二、大學生得行使的權利及限制 142
(一)私法關係下的學生權利 142
1. 學術自由 142
2. 學術自由之外的權利 151
(二)公法關係下的學生權利 154
1. 學習自由 154
2. 其他的基本權 155
(三)我國現狀的觀察 158
1. 學習自由 158
2. 學習自由以外的權利存在可能性:釋字第684號的轉變 164
(四)與學術自由保護法益的衝突:二件個案的思考 166
1. 成大MP3事件 166
2. 臺大學生工會案:勞工團結權與學術自由 168
3. 判準的提出 174
第四章 大學生自治的源由與內容建構 179
壹、學生運動為前驅 179
一、學生運動的概念 180
(一)作為一種社會運動 180
(二)學生運動的特徵 181
1. 學生應當具備主體性 182
2. 學生運動所發揮改造學校、社會的影響力 182
(三)學生運動的層次 183
二、學生運動作為權利的內容建構 184
(一)比較法的觀點 184
(二)我國法的思考 188
1. 權利化的必要 188
2. 競合於其上的基本權 189
三、野百合學運的影響 194
(一)1980年代的學生運動分期 194
1. 醞釀期 195
2. 突破期 195
3. 蛻變期 197
4. 野百合學運 197
(二)大學生自治及組織的出現 199
貳、體制化:大學生自治 201
一、定義與特徵 202
(一)定義 202
(二)特徵 205
二、比較法的觀點 206
(一)德國法 206
(二)美國法 207
三、我國的發展 209
(一)大學法相關立法歷程 209
(二)憲法依據 211
1. 學說 212
2. 司法實務 213
四、與大學生自治相關的基本權 213
(一)學術自由:大學生自治制度作為大學自治的一環 214
(二)結社自由 216
1. 主觀法功能面向 216
2. 客觀法功能面向 218
(三)法源依據作為解決現狀困境的指引 220
參、學生自治組織 222
一、學生組織與學生自治組織 222
二、學生會與「其他相關自治組織」 224
(一)學生會 224
1. 性質 224
2. 不得作為一般政治代表 225
3. 罷課 226
(二)「其他相關自治組織」 227
三、組織建構 228
(一)基本原則 228
1. 權力分立原則 228
2. 民主原則 230
(二)法治化的位階 230
四、與會員的關係 232
(一)基本原則 232
(二)會員身分 232
(三)會員懲處 233
五、與大學的關係 235
(一)自治空間的劃出與輔導義務 235
(二)大學生自治與大學自治 236
第五章 結論與建議 239
壹、結論 239
貳、建議 241
參考文獻 243
壹、中文部分 243
一、書面 243
(一)專書 243
(二)專書論文 244
(三)期刊論文 246
(四)學位論文 251
二、網路 253
(一)文字資料 253
(二)教育部統計 257
貳、外文部分 260
一、書面 260
(一)專書 260
(二)專書論文 263
(三)期刊論文 267
二、網路 268
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------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 7 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-0509201623403100
論文名稱(中文) 臺南謝家及其文學研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study of the Hsieh Family in Tainan and Literary Works.
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 中國文學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chinese Literature
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 王怡葶
學號 K16011157
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2015-07-25
論文頁數 216頁
口試委員 指導教授-施懿琳
關鍵字(中) 臺南
關鍵字(英) Tainan
Hsieh Chiun-wo
Hsieh Shih-chiu
Hsieh Si-chiu
Hsieh Guo-wen
Petition Movement for the Establishment of Taiwan Representative Assembly
overseas Chinese
Southern Society
Han poems
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文討論臺南謝氏家族的發展歷程及其家族成員的文學活動。主要以第六世謝四圍(1836-1896)家族為對象,探討迭經清代、日治、戰後的臺南謝家,面臨政權交替和社會脈動的肆應方式。此外,呈現謝家成員參與的文學社團和活動,並分析作品的意涵和特色。
英文摘要 This paper discusses the development process of the Hsieh Family in Tainan and the literary activities of its family members. The life course of the family of Hsieh Shih-wei (1836-1896), which is the sixth generation of the Hsieh Family, is taken as the focus of this paper, including Hsieh Shih-wei, Hsieh You-wo (1869-1926), Hsieh Chiun-wo (1871-1889), Hsieh Shih-chiu (1879-1921), Hsieh Si-chiu (1892-1959) and Hsieh Guo-wen (1887-1938). This paper explores how the Hsieh Family in Tainan responded to the alternations of political power and the society context during the Qing Dynasty, the Japanese colonial period and the post-war Taiwan. In addition, this paper also presents the literary societies and activities that the Hsieh Family had participated and further analyzes the characteristics and implications of their works.
This paper is divided into six chapters: Chapter 1, Introduction; Chapter 2, The Rise and Success of the Hsieh Family; Chapter 3, Business Transformation and Participation in Local Affairs of the Hsieh Family—Focusing on Hsieh Chiun-wo; Chapter 4, Participation in Political and Social Activities of the Hsieh Family—Focusing on Hsieh Si-chiu and Hsieh Guo-wen; Chapter 5, Literary Activities of the Hsieh Family; Chapter 6, Conclusion.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 文獻回顧 2
一、關於家族史的研究 2
二、關於南社文人的研究 3
三、直接相關研究成果 4
第三節 研究步驟與方法 6
一、文獻史料蒐集與對照 6
二、田野調查 7
第四節 章節架構說明 7

第二章 謝家的發跡與興起 9
第一節 謝氏家族世系源流 9
一、謝家開臺祖──謝新凱 9
二、謝家第二世以後子孫 9
第二節 謝四圍的創業與社會參與 11
一、創業過程 11
二、社會參與 16
三、謝四圍四子 18
第三節 謝家的婚姻網絡 20
一、柳營劉神嶽家族 20
二、臺南王受祿家族 24
三、臺南曾右章家族 26
四、臺中大甲陳炘家族 29
第四節 政權的移轉與謝家的因應 37

第三章 謝家產業轉型與地方事務的參與:以謝群我為對象 44
第一節 經濟事業的開展 44
一、彩票與鴉片專賣 44
二、經營實業 47
第二節 地方公共事務的參與 53
一、擔任基層公職:臺南市西區區長、臺南廳參事 54
二、出任臺南州協議員 58
三、擔任臺南三郊組合長 61

第四章 謝家政治社會活動的參與:以謝國文、謝溪秋為對象 64
第一節 文化啟蒙與臺灣議會設置請願運動 64
一、東渡日本留學 64
二、文化啟蒙 70
三、臺灣議會設置請願運動 78
第二節 終戰前後的謝家 85
一、終戰前夕的生活 85
二、左頃的日本華僑活動 90

第五章 謝家的文學活動 100
第一節 創立南社與詩社活動的參與 100
一、謝石秋與南社 100
二、南社三謝的詩社活動 107
三、謝溪秋與留東詩友會 121
第二節 謝國文燈謎創作與文藝活動 129
一、燈謎創作 129
二、象棋比賽 133
三、篆刻與書法 133

第六章 結論 137

參考書目 140

附錄一、謝家第六世謝四圍家族世系表 147
附錄二、謝友我生平年表 148
附錄三、謝群我生平年表 151
附錄四、謝石秋生平年表 162
附錄五、謝溪秋生平年表 173
附錄六、謝國文生平年表 186
附錄七、謝民德先生(謝國文之孫)訪談紀錄 194
參考文獻 (一)專書
小出錠太郎:《臺南事情》(臺北:成文出版社,1900 年)
派翠西亞‧鶴見(E.Patricia Tsurumi)著,林正芳譯:《日治時期台灣教育史》(宜蘭:仰山文教基金會,1999年6月)
臺灣新民報社編:《臺灣人士鑑》(昭和12年版) (東京都:湘南堂書店,1937年9月)






------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 8 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-1007201521053400
論文名稱(中文) Co-movements and Arbitrage of Cross-Listed Shares
論文名稱(英文) Co-movements and Arbitrage of Cross-Listed Shares
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際經營管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Management
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 克雷格
學號 RA6027497
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2015-07-06
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊曉瑩
關鍵字(中) none
關鍵字(英) Cross-listed stocks
Exchange Rate
Trading Volume
Depositary Receipt
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 The purpose of this paper is to show that relative price of twin stock prices, also known as cross-listed stocks, are co-move with their trading locations & respective trading volume, and are not correlated with exchange rate movements. This study uses Taiwanese companies listed in three distinct locations: New York, London, and Hong Kong. The results obtained via OLS and Quantile Regression indicate all the companies are affected by its trading locations, violating the law of one price and supporting the notion that international financial markets are not fully integrated with each other. Exchange rates can largely be ignored when valuing cross-listed stocks, while trading volume’s effect is inconclusive. Given the existence of locational arbitrage, a simple arbitrage strategy is formulated to yield average returns ranging from 2% to 18%. This makes it as an attractive investment vehicle worth the time and money for investors, especially arbitrageurs.
1.1 Research Background. 1
1.2 Research Motivation. 1
1.3 Research Objective. 2
1.4 Research Gap. 2
1.5 Study Procedure. 4
2.1 Cross-Listed Stocks. 6
2.1.1 Studies on Cross Listings. 6
2.1.2 Depositary Receipts. 12
2.2 Arbitrage. 17
2.3 Co-movements. 19
2.3.1 Time Differences between Markets. 19
2.4 Cross-Border Listing of Taiwanese Firms. 21
3.1 Data Sources and Study Period. 22
3.2 Variables. 26
3.3 Model. 26
3.3.1 Ordinary Least Squares and Quantile Regression. 28
3.3.2 Arbitrage Strategies. 30
4.1 Description of Data and Results. 32
4.2 OLS and Quantile Regression Results. 36
4.3 Hypothesis Testing Summary. 53
4.4 Locational Arbitrage Strategy. 57
5.1 Conclusion. 61
5.2 Managerial Implications. 64
5.3 Limitations and Direction for Future Research. 65
Appendix 1: Advanced Semiconductor Engineering 71
Appendix 2: AU Optronics 72
Appendix 3: ChipMos 73
Appendix 4: Chunghwa Telecom 74
Appendix 5: Siliconware Precision Industries Co. Ltd 75
Appendix 6: Taiwan Semiconductor 76
Appendix 7: United Microelectronics 77
Appendix 8: Acer 79
Appendix 9: Asia Cement 80
Appendix 10: Cathay Financial 81
Appendix 11: Compal Electronics 82
Appendix 12: Evergreen Marine 83
Appendix 13: Far Eastern 85
Appendix 14: Hon Hai Precision 86
Appendix 15: Lite-On 88
Appendix 16: Shin Kong Financial 89
Appendix 17: Asustek 90
Appendix 18: Good Friend 91
Appendix 19: Ju Teng 93
Appendix 20: Neo-Neon 94
Appendix 21: New Focus 95
Appendix 22: Sandmartin 96
Appendix 23: Solargiga 98
Appendix 24: Tingyi 99
Appendix 25: VMEP 100
Appendix 26: Yorkey 101
Appendix 27: USA 103
Appendix 28: UK 104
Appendix 29: HK 105
Appendix 30: Technology Sector 107
Appendix 31: Non-Technology Sector 108
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系統識別號 U0026-1112201515504700
論文名稱(中文) 以資源動員理論、創新擴散理論探討社群網站特性對社會運動方案管理之研究
論文名稱(英文) Using Resource Mobilization Theory and Innovation Diffusion Theory to Explore Effects of Social Networking Sites’ Features on Social Movement Programme Management
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Information Management
學年度 104
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 曾睦欽
學號 R76021061
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2015-06-24
論文頁數 103頁
口試委員 指導教授-謝佩璇
關鍵字(中) 方案管理
關鍵字(英) Programme management
Social networking sites
Social movement
Resource mobilization theory
Diffusion of innovation theory
中文摘要 方案管理可以分成專案及價值兩大構面包括規劃、控制、執行、處境、意念六個子構面。社會運動是代表一群人對於社會結構及福利分配改變的一連串看法和信念之活動,是有目的的集體行動,期待改變社會的價值與制度。社會運動以方案管理進行,如何有效引起大眾注意並且讓更多大眾自願參與,值得本研究深入探討。在此,以資源動員理論、創新擴散理論出發,探討社群網站特性如何影響社會運動方案管理。
台灣是最早網路普及化的先進國家之一,因此從網路撥接時代開發的佈告欄系統(Bulletin Board System,例如:批批踢PTT),到今日寬頻光纖的高速網路時代,台灣網路使用者能善用社群網站特性的能力 (例如:臉書Facebook, FB),有效發起社會運動並且將社群網站成為社會運動的擴散中心。本研究首先整理文獻再以立意抽樣的方式得知社群網站特性如何影響社會運動方案管理的成效,包括:如何有效促進社會運動的擴散。本研究期待延伸資源動員理論、創新擴散理論的概念範疇,並且提出具體建議給現在與未來社會運動推動者。
英文摘要 Programme management can be divided into two major dimensions, value and project, containing six sub-dimensions: planning, control, execution, sense-making, ideation, and evaluation. A social movement is a series of activities carried out by a group of people, representative of their own views and beliefs, with the collective goal of changing the status of social welfare structures and distribution. Social values and systems also change through social movements. Applying the concept of programme management in carrying out social movements enables organizers to attract public attention and allow more voluntary public participation. As this is worthy of in-depth exploration, this study uses the theories of resource mobilization and innovation diffusion to explore how social networking sites affect social movements’ programme management performance.
Taiwan is an advanced economy with the earliest Internet popularization. Since the Bulletin Board System (e.g., PTT) developed in the dial-up Internet era, social networking sites (SNS) (e.g., Facebook), have developed in the era of optical-fiber high-speed Internet connections. Taiwanese Internet users can effectively use the features of SNS to initiate social movements, and turn these sites into the distribution centers for these social movements. This study first reviews the related literature to develop a questionnaire that was judgmental distributed to people who have participated in a social movement. This study expects to determine how SNS features affect social movements’ programme-management performance, such as how to effectively spread the movement. This study looks forward to extending the conceptual basis for the theories of resource mobilization and innovation diffusion, and providing the current and future initiators of these social movements with concrete recommendations.
This study collected data from PTT pertaining to three recent social movements in the Chinese community: 1) the Sunflower student movement, 2) Hung Chung mound event, and 3) the umbrellas revolution. The resultsshow that SNS features have a significant positive impact on social movements’ programme management performance, and innovation is a negative moderator in the relationship betweenSNS features and programme management performance of social movements. When there is low-level use of SNS features, the highly innovative group has higher programme management performance than that of the low innovation group. However, thescore oflow-level innovation group rises rapidly over time, eventually overtaking the high innovation group. Structural equation modeling (SEM) results also show that innovation is a negative moderatorin the relationship between SNS features and programme management performance. However, innovation overall improves programme management performance. Scholars have suggested focusing on social justice, proposed social enterprises, corporate social responsibility, and social progress indices, among others. However, researchers rarely combine social movement research with other fields of knowledge. This study combined two significant theories from other fields with scientific tools, and hopes to inspire a new social movement research landscape.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的與問題 4
1.3 研究範圍與限制 5
1.4 研究流程 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
2.1 資源動員理論 7
2.2 創新擴散理論 8
2.3 社會運動於社群網站 10
2.4 方案管理在社會運動的應用 14
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1 研究模型與假設 22
3.2 構面操作型定義與問卷設計 24
3.3 研究對象與資料蒐集 28
3.4 資料分析方法 30
第四章 研究結果 31
4.1 專家效度 31
4.2 前測結果 32
4.3 正式問卷 35
4.3.1 太陽花學運問卷分析 36
4.3.2 洪仲丘事件問卷分析 50
4.3.2 雨傘革命問卷分析 62
第五章 結論 74
5.1 討論 74
5.1 學術貢獻與實務貢獻 76
5.2 研究限制與未來研究 83
參考文獻 85
附件一 97
附件二 99
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系統識別號 U0026-1308201613073300
論文名稱(中文) 論稅捐保全制度中之限制出境
論文名稱(英文) A Study on Restriction from Leaving the ROC in Taxation Safeguard
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 法律學系
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Legal Sciences
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 宋怡宣
學號 U26011077
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-19
論文頁數 161頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯格鐘
關鍵字(中) 欠稅
關鍵字(英) Tax Arrears
Taxation Safeguard
Restriction from Leaving the ROC
Freedom of Movement
Repetition of Taxation Safeguard
Necessity of Safeguard
中文摘要   本論文旨在研究稅法領域之保全措施,並以限制出境為主要分析對象,試圖探究現存爭議並提出解決之道。限制出境制度以1967年頒布台(56)內第3787號令為開端,在日益強調人權的社會變遷下背負兩極化的評價,本文論理脈絡以憲法層次作為制度探討之始,論述限制出境制度存在實益以及該制度所干預之個人基本權利,進一步談及基本權保護與國家公益互相權衡之檢驗,輔以正當法律程序與比例原則,並嘗試個別以不同事實情況加以分析,提出限制出境制度在各類欠稅情形下應如何適用之新思維。



The main purpose of this study is researching the restriction from leaving the ROC in taxation safeguard, and it tries to analyse those controversies and to find better solutions. Restriction from leaving the ROC was originally promulgated in 1967, and it shouldered both good and bad evaluations so far. The thread of thought begins at The Constitution. It expounds the significance of this statute, intervention in fundamental rights, and balance between individual and public. Due to variety tax arrears situations, this study shows a different cogitation in principle of proportionality.
Fiscal and tax law is a standard in taxation, and it shall have consistency in legal elements and legal effect. However, the regulation of restriction from leaving the ROC can be found both in Tax Collection Law and in Administrative Execution Act, and each of them has different legal elements, including amount of arrears and consideration of subjective intention. This phenomenon results in repetition of taxation safeguard, disorder of administrative remedy, extension of limitation period and so on.
Although the new implementation directions of restriction from leaving the ROC begin to formulate and enforce in 2015, many contradictions still exist without being solved radically. Hence, there will be some suggestions on amending the law in the end of this study. In addition to necessity of safeguard, this statute should adjust subjective elements, define taxpayer and range clearly and clarify administrative remedy procedures. As a result, the restriction from leaving the ROC can obtain the better achievement on arrears events.


Tax arrears are one of the most knotty problems in taxation, and the common and critical solution is restriction from leaving the ROC. However, lots of controversies still remain unsolved since it is drafted.
This thesis starts from reviewing constitutional principles in chapter 2. As we all know, paying taxes is one of national obligations stipulated in Article 19 of The Constitution, but the justification is not assured when fundamental rights are limited under national administrative operation. On the one hand, public affairs require every citizen’s equal expenditure, and it will not only impact exchequer but also increase other tax payers’ burden when some people refuse to fulfil this obligation. On the other hand, it may not so appropriate to use any methods to ensure completion of national taxation. Therefore, according to due process of law, principle of legal reservation and principle of proportionality, this study analyses whether the restriction from leaving the ROC corresponds with the constitutional commandments.
In fact, fundamental rights protection is not the only problem in this statute, repeated regulation is another one that should be solved. This study tries to elaborate the regulation structure and discuss different issues in chapter 3. Restriction from leaving the ROC can be found both in Article 24, Paragraph 3 of Tax Collection Law and Article 17, Paragraph 1 of Administrative Execution Act, and each of them has different legal elements. The first issue is the consideration of subjective intention. It doesn’t contain any subjective elements in Tax Collection Law and the only criterion is amount of arrears. Administrative Execution Act contains subjective elements, yet arrears standards differ greatly in the above mentioned regulations. The second one is the results of petitions. Decisions of administrative remedy can be opposite at the same time, and it will make unnecessary waste for taxpayers in remedy procedure. Last but not least, limitation period can be improperly extended to almost ten years, which essentially violates five years maximum restriction. In short, those issues can be ascribed to inconsistency provisions.
In order to pursue the better system of restriction from leaving the ROC, this thesis is committed to reconstruct restriction statute in chapter 4. Beginning at subjects, the main revise shall be clarifying the definition of subjects and ranges. In addition, subjective and objective elements need to be adjusted as well. Instead of determining the frequency of going abroad, focusing on the intention of escaping and hiding overseas is more appropriate. Distinguishing arrears levels is also doubtful. The more important thing is to generalize variety arrears situations and find suitable measures for each case.
Procedures for administrative remedies and related issues are discussed in chapter 5. In Tax Collection Law, the procedure of remedy is petition and administrative litigation. There are some arguments about whether restriction from leaving the ROC is multi-stages administrative disposition, and these arguments can affect the follow-up remedy procedures. In Administrative Execution Act, however, the procedure of remedy is motion of objection. These two procedures for administrative remedies can lead to many contradictions, especially different remedy results.


This study researches the restriction from leaving the ROC in taxation safeguard, and some studies indicate that this statute is unable to achieve the desired results. Therefore, Article 24, Paragraph 3 of Tax Collection Law should be amended in several concepts, including defining taxpayers, emphasizing the necessity of safeguard and reducing the range of safeguard. Besides, no properties under registration, rejecting to perform and intending to escape overseas are three additional subparagraphs. Through those adjustments, the restriction from leaving the ROC can be improved and get better balance between fundamental rights and national taxes claims.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 問題意識 1
第二節 研究方法與文獻回顧 5
第一項 研究方法 5
第二項 文獻回顧 6
第三節 研究架構 8
第二章 限制出境與合憲性檢驗 11
第一節 界定基本權保護範圍 11
第一項 憲法第8條之人身自由 12
第二項 憲法第10條之遷徙自由 13
第三項 憲法第22條之一般行為自由 14
第四項 其他基本權 15
第一款 憲法第15條之工作權 15
第二款 憲法第11條之學習自由 16
第三款 憲法第22條之婚姻與家庭保障 16
第五項 小結 17
第二節 限制出境作為稅法上干預措施 20
第一項 稅捐稽徵法上限制出境之性質 20
第一款 職務協助與權限委託 20
第二款 行政處分之探討 21
第一目 多階段行政處分 22
第二目 一般行政處分 23
第三目 裁量處分 23
第四目 單純不利處分與裁罰性處分 24
第三款 行政罰之探討 25
第四款 行政強制執行與稅捐保全措施 26
第五款 本文見解 27
第二項 行政執行法上限制出境之性質 32
第一款 事實行為說 34
第二款 行政處分說 34
第三款 本文見解 35
第三節 限制出境應受憲法原則之限制 36
第一項 正當法律程序原則 36
第一款 限制出境之處分機關 38
第二款 給予陳述意見及申辯之機會 40
第三款 說明限制出境之理由 41
第四款 救濟程序之告知 42
第二項 法律保留原則 42
第一款 層級化法律保留原則與授權明確性 42
第二款 現行制度於法律保留原則之探討 44
第一目 限制出境所涉及之法律保留層級 44
第二目 限制出境實施辦法與法律保留原則之探討 46
第三項 比例原則 48
第一款 擇定審查密度 50
第二款 特定公益目的之檢驗 53
第三款 適當性原則 54
第四款 必要性原則 57
第五款 狹義比例原則 60
第四節 小結 62
第三章 稅捐稽徵法與行政執行法之調和 64
第一節 限制出境之法律規範依據與沿革 64
第一項 限制出境於稅捐稽徵法之規定 64
第一款 法規沿革 64
第一目 1976年10月12日制定 64
第二目 2008年7月18日修正 64
第三目 2009年4月28日修正 66
第二款 立法理由與修正重點 67
第一目 限制出境之立法背景 67
第二項 限制出境於行政執行法之規定 69
第一款 法規沿革 69
第一目 1998年10月22日制定 69
第二目 2005年9月27日修正 70
第三目 2009年4月14日修正 72
第二款 修正重點 72
第三項 稅捐稽徵法與行政法規之競合 73
第一款 稅捐稽徵法與行政程序法 73
第二款 稅捐稽徵法與行政執行法 74
第二節 法律規範競合之衝突與解決 76
第一項 主觀要件之異同 76
第一款 行政執行法之主觀要件 77
第二款 稅捐稽徵法與限制出境實施規範之主觀要件 77
第二項 客觀要件與金額門檻之認定 78
第一款 行政執行法之客觀要件 78
第一目 執行之金額門檻 78
第二目 顯有履行可能 80
第三目 逃匿情狀之有無 81
第四目 處分應供強制執行之財產 81
第五目 拒絕報告或虛偽報告財產狀況之行為 82
第六目 無正當理由不到場 82
第二款 稅捐稽徵法與新限制出境實施規範之客觀要件 83
第一目 個人欠稅分級級距 83
第二目 營利事業欠稅分級級距 84
第三項 重複保全之爭議 84
第一款 現行機關權限之分析 85
第二款 行政機關同為限制出境處分之情形 86
第三款 行政機關對限制出境處分認定相異之情形 87
第一目 出境之限制解除後仍遭他機關限制出境 87
第二目 限制出境處分經廢棄後復遭他機關限制出境 89
第四項 執行時效 90
第三節 小結 91
第四章 限制出境之法律構成要件 94
第一節 義務主體之範圍界定 94
第一項 個人欠稅之主體 94
第二項 營利事業負責人欠稅之主體 97
第一款 公司負責人之認定 98
第二款 負責人變更之處理 100
第三款 限制公司清算人出境之爭議 101
第二節 主觀要件之再建構 102
第一項 現行限制出境實施規範之認定 102
第二項 主觀因素之審酌 103
第一款 有無出境需求之標準 103
第二款 逃匿意圖之認定 104
第三款 規避稅捐執行意圖之探討 104
第三節 客觀要件之準據 105
第一項 出境行為之分析 105
第一款 現行制度之審酌標準 105
第二款 本文見解 106
第二項 保全目的之必要 107
第一款 保全措施之發動原則 107
第二款 保全目的 108
第三項 稅捐保全之範圍 110
第一款 現行制度之保全範圍 110
第二款 稅捐保全範圍之調整 110
第四項 欠稅金額門檻之分析 112
第一款 現行限制出境實施規範分級標準之區別實益 112
第二款 金額訂定標準之探討 113
第四節 欠稅行為之類型化規制 114
第一項 其他法律規範中可資借鏡之措施 114
第一款 對物所為之手段 115
第二款 對人所為之手段 119
第二項 保全措施執行之類型化區分 121
第一款 欠稅人名下有財產之情形 122
第二款 欠稅人名下無財產亦無資力之情形 123
第三款 欠稅人名下無財產卻有資力之情形 126
第五節 小結 129
第五章 限制出境之行政救濟程序 132
第一節 稅捐稽徵法上限制出境之行政救濟程序 132
第一項 處分機關與救濟程序之進行 132
第一款 應向行政院提起訴願之看法 133
第二款 應向內政部提起訴願之看法 135
第二項 本文見解 136
第二節 行政執行法上限制出境之行政救濟程序 139
第一項 救濟程序及其爭議 139
第一款 行政執行法上限制出境之救濟程序 139
第二款 聲明異議之後續救濟程序 140
第一目 對異議決定之不服 140
第二目 後續救濟程序之態樣 141
第三目 特別救濟程序與一般救濟程序之選擇 142
第二項 本文見解 143
第三節 小結 145
第六章 結論與建議 147

參考文獻 154
參考文獻 【專書】

法務部行政執行署編印,法務部行政執行署法規及就業諮詢委員會會議紀錄會議資料彙編(五)─93年3月19日第49次會議, 2004年8月。


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------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 11 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-1407201520111700
論文名稱(中文) 莊喆「中國現代畫」思想研究
論文名稱(英文) A study on Chuang Che's thoughts of "Chinese Modern Painting"
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 藝術研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Art Studies
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 楊詠筑
學號 K46011145
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2015-07-17
論文頁數 144頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉梅琴
關鍵字(中) 莊喆
關鍵字(英) Chuang Che
Chinese Modern Painting
Fifth Moon Group
Modern Painting movement
中文摘要 「中國現代畫」是莊喆(1934-)對中國現代繪畫的總稱,也是他對創作所持的藝術理念。作為五月畫會的元老,以及台灣現代繪畫具代表性且有影響力的藝術家,其創作超越固有形式,筆下的內涵隱含對生命的關照,即使以西方的抽象語法、媒材及技法來詮釋自然山水,然在筆墨與思維的表現上卻延續中國傳統文人寫意之性格,東西方相溶的同時又兼具時代性,由此在不同時空的轉化下,構築和發展「中國現代畫」思想的美學脈絡。
英文摘要 "Chinese Modern Painting" is Chuang Che (1934-) collectively for Chinese Modern Painting, it is also held by the Artistic concept. As a veteran of "Fifth moon" group, and the Taiwan representative of modern painting and influential artists, his creations transcend the inherent form, pen implied connotation of life care, even if Western abstract syntax, mediums and techniques to interpret the natural landscape. However, the performance of the ink and thinking continuation of character of Chinese traditional writing. While in both East and West compatibility times, thereby transforming at different time, building and development, " Chinese Modern Painting " aesthetic ideology context.
Due to the impact of western culture in 1950s, modern painting movement faces many tests and choice. Chuang Che is how breakthrough from the frame, and mellow transplant and inheritance, even though he is live abroad, the process is still active in the art world with the times. This study discusses the sociology of art cut from Chuang Che background of the times, backtracking cultural awareness "Fifth Moon" and "East" group, artistic styles and forms and manifestations, in order to dispel doubts inspired and influenced Chuang Che obtained; Secondly, the use of literature analysis analyze Chuang Che " Chinese Modern Painting" thinking, according to Chuang Che record first-hand information, as well as newspapers and magazines reviews, research, interviews and other existing data, summarizing Chuang Che's beliefs and aspirations; Finally, this study use art style analysis, to investigate Chuang Che modern landscape form and spirit meaning, to clarify Chuang Che change the course of development of painting, breakthroughs and innovation, Further work in the landscape perspective symbol image, in order to find the actual situation described by the passage embodied oriental elements and Western elements, showing the value of art lies.
論文目次 緒論 1
一、 研究動機與目的 1
二、 文獻回顧 4
三、 研究方法 10
四、 研究範圍與對象 12
五、 研究流程與架構 13
(一) 研究流程 13
(二) 研究架構 14
六、 研究的重要性 16
第一章 「五月」與「東方」畫會 17
第一節 畫會之興起及其文化背景 17
一、 興起之脈絡 18
二、 發展與文化意識 20
第二節 藝術風格的多元表現 23
一、 盛行一時的抽象繪畫 24
二、 複合藝術之摸索 26
第二章 「中國現代畫」的思想探究 28
第一節 創作觀的審美釋放 28
一、 「現代」的辯證 29
二、 異中求「同」 36
三、 自我價值追尋 39
第二節 「抽象與自然」的移情 41
一、 「外觀自然」減少,到「自然實質」增大 42
二、 動感的「劇」 44
第三節 媒材的現代性 46
第三章 莊喆現代山水創作分析 49
第一節 作品中的形式探討 50
一、 畫意不畫形 51
二、 色彩與空間的解放 55
三、 拼貼、組合畫的解構與建構 58
第二節 現代山水精神意涵 63
一、 地域情懷 63
二、 東方視覺語境 68
第四章 東西方元素的體現 75
第一節 東方元素 75
一、 自然觀 76
(一) 道法自然 77
(二) 寄託之情懷 79
(三) 時空的超越 81
二、 「禪」之語彙 82
(一) 以不畫為畫 83
(二) 直接經驗與實在 86
三、 「書畫」的覺醒與融合 88
(一) 從傳統出走 89
(二) 新表現與配置 91
第二節 西方元素 93
一、 抽象表現 93
(一) 視覺的暗示 94
(二) 情感的心理表現 96
二、 媒材探索 98
結論 101
參考文獻 104
一、 專書 104
(一) 莊喆專書 104
(二) 中文專書 104
(三) 中譯專書 105
(四) 西文專書 105
二、 期刊/論文 106
(一) 期刊 106
(二) 論文 107
三、 雜誌/畫冊 107
(一) 雜誌 107
(二) 畫冊 108
四、 影音/網路資源 109
(一) 影音 109
(二) 網路資源 109
附錄 110
一、 【附圖─各章節之圖版】 110
二、 【附表─莊喆生平與作品年表】 132
參考文獻 一、 專書
(一) 莊喆專書
莊喆,《現代繪畫散論》,臺北:文星書店,1966 。
(二) 中文專書
蕭瓊瑞,《五月與東方:中國美術現代化運動在戰後臺灣之發展 (1945-1970)》,臺北:東大圖書,1991。
(三) 中譯專書
蘇珊‧朗格(Susanne K. Langer)著,劉大基、傅志強、周發祥譯,《情感與形式》,臺北:商鼎文化,1991。
威廉‧沃林格(Wilhelm Worringer)著,魏雅婷譯,《藝術風格的心理學:抽象與移情》,臺北:揚智文化,1994。
羅伯特‧艾得金(Robert Atkins)著,黃麗絹譯,《藝術開講》,臺北:藝術家出版,2000年。
海倫‧威斯格茲(Helen Westgeest)著,曾長生、郭書瑄譯,《禪與現代美術:現代東西方藝術互動史》,臺北:典藏藝術家庭,2007。
(四) 西文專書 (按姓氏第一個字母排序)
Irving Sandler, Abstract expressionism and the American experience : a reevaluation, New York : School of Visual Arts ; Manchester, VT : In association with Hudson Hills Press, c2009.
The Modern Literature and Art Association Hong Kong, The Modern Literature and Art Association Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R.. 1963.
The birth of landscape painting in China。Michael Sullivan, The birth of landscape painting in China, London : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1962.
二、 期刊/論文
(一) 期刊
(二) 論文
林明賢,《從畫會的組構探析五○年代台灣美術「現代繪畫」的發展》,臺中 : 國立臺灣美術館,2011。
三、 雜誌/畫冊
(一) 雜誌
傑佛瑞‧威斯勒(Jeffrey Wechsler),〈人與自然的融合─莊喆的自然抽象〉,《典藏今藝術》,169期,頁204-206,2006年10月。
(二) 畫冊
莊喆,《莊喆:PAINTINGS BY CHUANG CHE》,臺北:遠景,出版年不詳。
莊喆,《莊喆:莊喆、蕭勤、吳昊、陳庭詩/1960‧1990》,臺北 : 龍門畫廊,1990。
莊喆,《統覽‧微觀=Holistic View and Microscopic Vision》,臺北:亞洲藝術中心,2012。
四、 影音/網路資源
(一) 影音
DVD,《以藝術之名3:臺灣視覺藝術=In the name of art 》,臺北:公共電視文化事業基金會,2008。
(二) 網路資源
2014/03/26 Asia Art Center 亞洲藝術中心
2015/05/06 尊彩藝術中心

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系統識別號 U0026-1508201411505500
論文名稱(中文) 動作策略與糖尿病對上階梯平衡控制的影響
論文名稱(英文) Balance Control of Step Ascent: Effects of Movement Strategy and Diabetes
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 物理治療學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Physical Therapy
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 李怡亭
學號 T66001095
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-04-18
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 指導教授-林桑伊
關鍵字(中) 上階梯
關鍵字(英) Step ascent
Movement strategy
Balance control
中文摘要 研究背景與目的: 對於高齡者而言,步行時踏上一階梯是常見並具有挑戰性的動作,而且在上階梯前採取一個暫停的動作可能會幫助減少平衡的威脅。隨著年紀增加,糖尿病罹病率也逐年增加,此類患者如患有周邊神經病變,可能有感覺動作功能障礙,這也許會導致平衡控制不佳的問題出現,進一步影響活動與步行。本研究的目的在於探討健康高齡者、糖尿病患者和周邊神經病變患者在上階梯前短暫停留的動作,對於上階梯時與之後的平衡控制之影響。

研究方法: 本研究著重於高齡者,包括23位健康、22位糖尿病患者和22位周邊神經病變患者,使用兩種不同的上階梯策略,策略一(直接上階)是請受試者先步行6公尺後直接踏上一個9或18公分高的階梯,並維持站立姿勢;策略二(停下站穩)是受試者步行6公尺後,在階梯前方標記處停下,自覺站穩後再踏上階梯,並維持站立姿勢。上階動作的分期是以慣用腳踏上階梯的過程區分,分別為起始雙腳站立期、擺盪期、第二次雙腳站立期和單腳站立期,共四個時期;上階梯後,自雙腳接觸到階梯面的一秒內每0.25秒為一區間,共四個區間。在研究設備上使用一個三軸加速規,固定在第三腰椎脊突處記錄身體質心在前後、左右及垂直方向的加速度。統計方法使用重複量數多變量變異數分析,比較不同族群、策略和階梯高度在每一時間區間內所得加速度的範圍、均方根和標準差。

結果: 上階梯時,三軸的加速度會隨著階梯高度增加而增加,其中前後向加速度增加的程度在擺盪期與第二次雙腳站立期和單腳站立期有顯著差異,左右向加速度則在擺盪期和單腳站立期有顯著差異,而垂直向加速度在第二次雙腳站立期和單腳站立期有顯著差異。停下站穩策略均較直接上階策略在前三個上階時期有較小的前後向和垂直向加速度,並且在前兩個時期有較小的左右向加速度。此外,在第二次雙腳站立期,當階梯高度較低時,健康高齡者和糖尿病患者採取停下站穩策略會有較小的左右向加速度;而階梯高度增加時,所有受試者皆有較小的左右向加速度。上階梯後的0.75秒內,當階梯高度增加,所有高齡者的前後向加速度顯著增加;而前0.25秒內,當高階梯時,健康高齡者和糖尿病患者使用停下站穩策略比直接上階的左右向加速度顯著較小;而在低階梯時,所有高齡者使用停下站穩策略有較小的左右向加速度。

結論: 對於高齡者而言,在上較高階前先停下來站穩能減少在上階梯過程中的身體晃動,高齡者不論其感覺動作功能如何,在較具挑戰性的情況下可考慮採用此策略。
英文摘要 Background: Ascending to an elevated surface while walking is a common and challenging task for older adults. Having a pause before ascending is a strategy often adopted by older adults and may reduce balance threat. Diabetic patients often have problems with balance control, especially those with neuropathy patients and subsequent sensorimotor impairments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of having a pause before ascending on balance control during and after ascending a step stool in healthy older adults, older diabetic patients with and without neuropathy.

Methods: Twenty-three healthy older adults (CON), twenty-two older diabetic patients without neuropathy (DM-nonNP), and twenty-two older diabetic patients with neuropathy (DM-NP) participated in this study. There were two task conditions. In the walk-step condition (WS), subjects were instructed to walk and then directly step up onto a 9 cm (LOW) or 18 cm (HIGH) step stool which was placed 6 m from the starting position. In the pause-step condition (PS), subjects were instructed to walk, pause briefly in front of the stool to stabilize themselves, and then step up onto the step stool. For both conditions, the subjects were instructed to stand quietly after stepping onto the step stool. During ascending, the motion was divided into four phases based on the motion of the leading limb, including initial double-limb support (IDS), swing (SW), second double-limb support (SDS) and single-limb stance (SLS). An accelerometer was placed at the spinous process of the 3rd lumbar vertebrae to measure the acceleration of the body’s center of mass in the anteroposterior (AP), mediolateral (ML), and vertical (VT) directions. The range, root-mean-square (RMS) and standard deviation (SD) of the acceleration were analyzed using multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance. Also, the acceleration during the first one second after both feet making contact with the step stool was also analyzed.

Results: During ascending, HIGH had significantly greater AP acceleration in the SW, SDS, and SLS phases, greater ML acceleration in the SW and SLS phases, and greater VT acceleration in the SDS and SLS phases, compared to LOW. Compared to WS, PS had significantly smaller AP and VT acceleration in the first three phases, and smaller ML acceleration in the first two phases regardless of the step height. In LOW, PS had significantly smaller ML acceleration than WS in CON and DM-nonNP subjects during the SDS phase, whereas in HIGH, all subjects had smaller ML acceleration than LOW. During quiet standing after ascending, HIGH had significantly greater AP acceleration than LOW during the first 0.75 seconds. Compared to WS, PS had significantly smaller ML acceleration during the first 0.25 s period for all subjects in LOW, whereas in HIGH only CON and DM-nonNP had such a finding.

Conclusion: For older adults, even those with different sensorimotor functions, having a pause before ascending decreased imbalance during the ascending phase. Thus, having a pause before ascending could be recommended for older adults, especially for challenging conditions.
論文目次 Abstract ................. I
Chinese Abstract .............. III
致謝 ................... V
List of Tables ... ............ VII
List of Figures .............. X
Abbreviation ............... XII
Introduction ................ 1
Research Designs and Methodology ..... 7
Results .................. 20
Discussion ................. 68
Conclusion ................. 73
References ................. 74
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系統識別號 U0026-1805201502194000
論文名稱(中文) 任務限制對精神分裂症患者之單手與雙手動作表現之效應
論文名稱(英文) Effects of Task Constraints on Unimanual and Bimanual Movements in Patients With Schizophrenia
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 健康照護科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Allied Health Sciences
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 王淑美
學號 TA8971092
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-07-14
論文頁數 86頁
口試委員 指導教授-馬慧英
關鍵字(中) 動作失調
關鍵字(英) movement disorders
bimanual coordination
size perception
distance perception
moving target
中文摘要 職能治療師時常在臨床治療精神分裂症患者,然而卻缺乏足夠的證據支持治療是有效的。近幾年的研究指出精神分裂症不只影響到患者的心理功能、甚至還會影響到其動作表現,現今針對精神分裂症患者的動作復健相關知識仍不足。在執行動作任務時,物體大小、物體距離、與目標物移動速度都是在復健臨床上很常見的任務限制因子,這些因子已被指出可以有效地影響健康人的動作表現。因此,本研究目的在於比較輕度精神分裂症患者與對照的健康人其動作表現差異、並探討動作任務中的物體大小、物體距離、與目標物移動速度對患者動作表現的效應。
英文摘要 Although occupational therapists commonly treat patients with schizophrenia in clinical practice, the profession has been lacking sufficient evidence supporting its effectiveness. Recent studies suggested that schizophrenia affects not only mental function but also movements in patients. The knowledge of movement rehabilitation for patients with schizophrenia has not been developed properly now. Object size, object distance, and target speed of movement tasks are common task constraints in rehabilitation settings and can affect movement formation effectively in healthy people. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to compare the movements of patients with mild schizophrenia and healthy controls and to examine effects of changes in object size, object distance, and target speed on movements in patients.
The first experiment of this study was to examine effects of object size and distance on unimanual movements on the reach-to-grasp task in patients with mild schizophrenia. Twenty-nine patients and 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were required to reach for and grasp an object of varying sizes (small v.s. large) and distances (near v.s. far) by the dominant hand as quickly as possible. We measured movement time, peak velocity, the path length ratio, the percentage of time to peak velocity, and the number of movement units to represent movement speed, forcefulness, spatial efficiency, the control strategy, and smoothness. Patients showed similarly forceful, feedback-dependent, and smooth, but slower and less direct movements than controls. Increasing object size or shortening object distance induced faster and more preprogrammed movements in patients. Increasing object distance induced more direct movements in patients. Increasing object size or object distance induced more forceful movements in patients.
The second experiment was to examine effects of object size on unimanual and bimanual movements on the bimanual assembly task in patients with mild schizophrenia. Fifteen patients and 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were instructed to bimanually reach for and assemble objects to the stationary target as quickly as possible. We manipulated the object size for the left hand (small vs. large) and measured movement time, peak velocity, and bimanual synchronization to represent movement speed, forcefulness, and bimanual coordination. Patients showed slower and less forceful unimanual movements and less coordinated bimanual movements than controls. Increasing object size elicited faster and more forceful unimanual movements and more coordinated bimanual movements in patients.
The third experiment was to examine effects of target speed on unimanual and bimanual movements on the bimanual assembly task in patients with mild schizophrenia. Fifteen patients and 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were instructed to bimanually reach for (prehension) and assemble objects (assembly) to the moving target of varying speed (fast v.s. slow) as quickly as possible. We measured movement time, the number of movement units, and bimanual synchronization to represent movement speed, smoothness, and bimanual coordination. Increasing target speed induced faster, smoother, and more coordinated movements in patients. Under the slow-target condition, patients had slower and less coordinated prehension, as well as slower, more uneven, and less coordinated assembly than controls. Under the fast-target condition, patients still had slower and less coordinated prehension than controls, but their assembly improved to a level similar to that of controls.
This study provides insights into the unimanual and bimanual movement features in patients with mild schizophrenia and suggests the need for movement therapy for patients with schizophrenia. Additionally, this study specifies clinical practice guidelines of manipulating task constraints for optimizing patients’ movements and contributes to the practice of evidence-based occupational therapy for patients with mild schizophrenia.
論文目次 Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1. Research background 1
1.2. Research purposes 3
1.3. Research hypotheses 4
1.4. Research significance 5

Chapter 2. Effects of object size and distance on unimanual movements on the reach-to-grasp task in patients with schizophrenia 7
2.1. Introduction 7
2.2. Methods 9
2.3. Results 13
2.4. Discussion 15
2.5. Conclusion 20

Chapter 3. Effects of object size on unimanual and bimanual movements on the bimanual assembly task in patients with schizophrenia 22
3.1. Introduction 22
3.2. Methods 26
3.3. Results 30
3.4. Discussion 32
3.5. Conclusion 37

Chapter 4. Effects of target speed on unimanual and bimanual movements on the bimanual assembly task in patients with schizophrenia 39
4.1. Introduction 39
4.2. Methods 42
4.3. Results 47
4.4. Discussion 48
4.5. Conclusion 52

Chapter 5. Conclusion and future research 53
5.1. Conclusion 53
5.2. Future research 55

References 56
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系統識別號 U0026-1807201505520900
論文名稱(中文) 晚清四部擬《鏡花緣》小說的婦女議題研究
論文名稱(英文) The Study of The Four Pseudo-archaic Novels of “Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror” of Women Issues in Late Qing Dynasty
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 中國文學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chinese Literature
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 蘇恆毅
學號 K16014032
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2015-06-10
論文頁數 337頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡玫姿
關鍵字(中) 晚清小說
關鍵字(英) Late Qing novel
pseudo-archaic novel
“Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”
women issues
women’s right movement
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 清乾嘉之際,李汝珍(1763-1830)藉由書寫《鏡花緣》探討中國婦女生活。到了清末,由於女權思想傳入,各類女權小說亦相當盛行。因此在《鏡花緣》之後,也有四部晚清小說以托「鏡花緣」之名,探討中國社會現象,此四部小說即蕭然鬱生《新鏡花緣》(1907-1908)、陳嘯廬《新鏡花緣》(1908)、華琴珊《續鏡花緣》(1910)與秋人《鏡花後緣》(1910)。四部小說的思想內容有所差異,但均有觸及清末的婦女運動及相關議題,因此本論文即以小說中的婦女議題作為核心,並以小說與小說、小說與歷史文本間的互相對照,用以探討四部擬《鏡花緣》小說如何再現清末的婦女運動與女性形象。
英文摘要 In the Mid Qing Dynasty, a litterateur named Ju-Chen Li wrote a novel “Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”(Jin Hua Yuan) to speak 100 women’s stories, and wanted to discuss Chinese women's issues. After the Opium War, feminism in Western Countries was brought into China by missionaries. This atmosphere also influenced the novelists the, and lead to many feminist novels printed in Late Qing Dynasty. At that time, there were four pseudo-archaic novels of “Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror” talking about the phenomenon then that women’s right. The four novels mentioned are the “New Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”(Xin Jing Hua Yuan) by Xiao-Zhan Yu-Sheng, the “New Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”(Xin Jing Hua Yuan) by Shiao-Lu Chen, the “Sequel to Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”(Xu Jing Hua Yuan) by Qin-Shan Hua, the “After the Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror”(Jing Hua Hou Yuan) by Qiu-Ren. But the thinking in four books is different from “Romance of the Flowers in the Mirror” and each other, this thesis chooses the women's issues to focus the main idea. Through this way, to know four books how to reflect the women’s right movement and female images in Late Qing Dynasty.
論文目次 第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機與目的 1
第二節、文獻回顧 6
第三節、研究範疇與方法 12
第四節、論文架構 13
第貳章、擬《鏡花緣》小說述要 16
第一節、蕭然鬱生《新鏡花緣》 17
一、蕭本《新鏡花緣》作者與版本介紹 17
二、蕭本《新鏡花緣》創作緣由 18
三、蕭本《新鏡花緣》小說大要 19
四、蕭本《新鏡花緣》寫作特色 22
第二節、陳嘯廬《新鏡花緣》 25
一、陳本《新鏡花緣》作者與版本介紹 25
二、陳本《新鏡花緣》創作緣由 27
三、陳本《新鏡花緣》小說大要 29
四、陳本《新鏡花緣》寫作特色 31
第三節、華琴珊《續鏡花緣》 35
一、華琴珊《續鏡花緣》作者與版本介紹 35
二、華琴珊《續鏡花緣》創作緣由 38
三、《續鏡花緣》小說大要 40
四、《續鏡花緣》寫作特色 43
第四節、秋人《鏡花後緣》 49
一、秋人《鏡花後緣》作者與版本介紹 49
二、秋人《鏡花後緣》創作緣由 52
三、《鏡花後緣》小說大要 54
四、《鏡花後緣》寫作特色 57
第參章、書寫歷史:小說中的婦女運動 61
第一節、鼓吹女權 62
一、重新詮釋陰陽學說 62
二、女學與女權孰先? 68
第二節、興辦女學 72
一、西學東漸的教會學校 72
二、本土女學的興辦與阻礙 74
第三節、提倡放足 83
一、作為入學條件 83
二、對身體的詮釋 88
三、放足歷程 92
第四節、參與革命 95
一、女性參與排滿革命的起因與阻礙 95
二、革命運動面向 100
第五節、參與戰事 104
一、女子軍隊的組成 105
二、戰功不讓鬚眉 109
第肆章、描繪女性:小說中的女性形象 115
第一節、時代潮流之外:傳統婦女 116
一、作為保守的象徵 116
二、個案觀察:接受新思潮的可能性? 124
第二節、新與舊的矛盾:娼妓 128
一、時尚的象徵 128
二、作為新女性的負面形象 130
三、迎合或排斥的矛盾 134
第三節、新女性的典型:女學生 138
一、爭取求學機會 138
二、文明或是汙名 142
三、畢業後的選擇 146
第四節、有男子氣概的女性:女豪傑 150
一、誕生於特殊環境的新女性 150
二、男性氣質的建立 153
三、男性觀點:對女豪傑的期待與想像 160
第伍章、發展之間:擬《鏡花緣》小說的時代意義 164
第一節、《鏡花緣》讀者思想發展脈絡 165
一、清中葉的閱讀者觀點 166
二、晚清的讀者觀點 169
三、五四以來的《鏡花緣》讀者觀點 175
第二節、對婦女運動的重現、評論及開展 180
一、小說反映婦女運動與活動空間 181
二、對婦女運動的觀點:贊同或批評 185
第陸章、結論 195
參考書目 198
附錄、秋人《鏡花後緣》校點 212
參考文獻 一、傳統文獻
[清]徐 珂:《清稗類鈔》,臺北:臺灣商務印書館,1983年
[清]秋 人:《鏡花後緣》,新加坡國立大學藏《星洲晨報》微縮影印本

[美]Betty Friedan著、李令儀譯:《女性迷思:女性自覺大躍進》,臺北:月旦出版社,1995年
[美]Betty Friedan著、謝瑤玲譯:《第二階段:追求兩性真平等》,臺北:月旦出版社,1995年
[美]Edward J. M. Rhoads著、王琴等譯:《滿與漢:清末民初的族群關係與政治權力(1861-1928)》,北京:中國人民大學出版社,2010年
[英]Elaine Showalter著、陳曉蘭、楊劍峰譯:《婦女、瘋狂、英國文化(1830-1980)》,蘭州:蘭州大學出版社,1998年
[美]Frederic Evans Wakeman Jr.著、梁禾等譯:《講述中國歷史》,北京:人民出版社,2013年
[美]Gail B. Hershatter著、韓敏中、盛寧譯:《危險的愉悅:20世紀上海的娼妓問題與現代性》,南京:江蘇人民出版社,2003年
[英]Jennifer Harding著、林秀麗譯:《性與身體的解構》,臺北:韋伯文化出版社,2000年
[美]John King Fairbank著、張理京譯:《美國與中國》,臺北:左岸文化出版社,2003年
[美]John King Fairbank著、賴肖爾等譯:《中國:傳統與變革》,南京:江蘇人民出版社,2011年
[澳]Kam Louie著、劉婷譯:《男性特質論:中國的性別與社會》,南京:江蘇人民出版社,2012年
[荷]Kathy Davis著、張君玫譯:《重塑女體:美容手術的兩難》,臺北:巨流圖書公司,1997年
[美]Judith Bulter著、林郁庭譯:《性/別惑亂──女性主義身分與顛覆》,苗栗:桂冠出版社,2008年
[法]Julia Kristeva著、彭仁郁譯:《恐怖的力量》,臺北:桂冠出版社,2003年
[法]Julia Kristeva著、林惠玲譯:《黑太陽》,臺北:遠流出版社,2008年
[英]Linda McDowell著、徐苔玲、王志弘譯:《性別、認同與地方》,臺北:群學出版社,2006年
[美]Paul A. Cohen著、林同奇譯:《在中國發現歷史──中國中心觀在美國的興起》,臺北:稻鄉出版社,1991年
[法]Roland Barthes著、董學文、王葵譯《符號學美學》,臺北:商鼎出版社,1992年
[法]Roland Barthes著、李幼蒸譯:《寫作的零度:結構主義文學理論文選》,臺北:久大文化出版社,1991年
[英]Rosemarie Tong、刁筱華譯:《女性主義思潮》,臺北:時報文化出版社,1996年
[法]Simone de Beauvior著、陶鐵柱譯:《第二性》,臺北:貓頭鷹出版社,1999年
[法]Tiphaine Samovault著、邵煒譯:《互文性研究》,天津:天津人民出版社,2003年
阿 英:《晚清小說史》,香港:太平書局,1966年
阿 英:《晚清戲曲小說目》,《阿英全集》卷6,合肥:安徽教育出版社,2003年
胡 適:《胡適文存》,臺北:遠東出版社,1961年
時 萌:《晚清小說》,臺北:萬卷樓出版社,1989年
曹 莉:《史碧娃克》,臺北:生智出版社,1999年
習 斌:《晚清稀見小說經眼錄》,上海:上海遠東出版社,2012年
陳 山:《中國武俠史》,上海:上海三聯書店,1992年
葉 朗:《中國小說美學》,臺北:里仁書局,1987年
魯 迅:《中國小說史略》,臺北:五南出版社,2009年
羅 婷:《克里斯多娃》,臺北:生智出版社,2002年

[美]Mary Backus Rankin著、牛貫杰譯:〈驚世危機與誘人機會:19世紀晚期中國政治及文化變遷〉,國家清史編纂委員會編譯組:《清史譯叢》第9輯,杭州:浙江古籍出版社,2010年,頁79-102
王 韜:〈「鏡花緣」的隱晦意願──從文本分析李汝珍的創作心理〉,《明清小說研究》2009年第3期,頁
古 楳:〈婦女界之覺醒〉,李又寧、張玉法編:《中國婦女史論文集》第一輯,臺北:臺灣商務印書館,1981年,頁277-318


Chinese Women’s Magazines in the Late Qing and Early Republican Period:http://womag.uni-hd.de/index.php

------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 15 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-1807201618255500
論文名稱(中文) 灓:台南中國城的影像度量
論文名稱(英文) The Tainan-Chinatown Cinemetrics Transcripts
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 尤巧婷
學號 N76024032
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-07-16
論文頁數 227頁
口試委員 口試委員-蔡元良
關鍵字(中) 影像度量
關鍵字(英) Cinemetrics
中文摘要 如德勒茲所言,以德勒茲的宇宙觀來看,全部的訊息都是影像、全部的現實都是影像,整個世界,都是由影像所構成的,不論是在移動的身體或移動的鏡頭甚至是變動的城市,都可以以影像來定義空間。以此理論,Brian McGrath,透過影像度量繪圖系統來再現電影場景中的感知- 運動,透過一幀一幀電影畫面度量不同的環境、體驗到德勒茲指出這流變中的現實世界。


英文摘要 This practice began with recording the real events –International Landscape Design Competition for Tainan Axis Transformation, the protests, the moving of original residents, the demolition of old buildings and so on. A series of image experiments operate by filming, editing, transcript developing, and spatial design.
論文目次 Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 始-源起 /01
1.2 欲-動機 /03
1.3 求-目的 /05
1.4 方法與架構 /07

Chapter 2 - All About Image
2.1 影像、現實、身體、意識 /09
2.1.1 德勒茲的感知-影像城市 /11
2.1.2 德勒茲影像哲學 /12
2.1.3 德勒茲電影-記憶迴圈&時間影像 /13
2.1.4 德勒茲運動影像-蒙太奇 /15
2.1.5 德勒茲的六個影像符號 /17
2.2 以影像度量Cinemetrics量測感知-運動的城市/31
2.2.1 影像度量電影案例 /33
2.2.2 感知的連結索引 /39

Chapter 3 - Context
3.1擇址 /41
3.2前世今生 /44

Chapter 4 - Design
4.1 初始架構原型 /53
4.2設計架構 /55
4.3 事件1/3 Face 臉 /58
4.4 事件2/3 Limbo Armature 靈薄骨架 /80
4.5 事件3/3 Mwmory of Presence & Ansence
(不)在場的回朔 /110

Chapter 5 - Conclusion
結 論
5.1 展覽與裝置腳本 /147
5.2 結語 /155
5.3 後記 /156

參考文獻References /157
附錄 /159
參考文獻 中文文獻
2011 年11 月,第九期。
程予誠(2011),電影敘事影像美學 剪接理論與實證,五南出版。
楊凱麟(2003),德勒茲「思想-影像」或 「思想=影像」之條件及問題性,台大文史哲學報第五十九期。
齊隆壬(2013)。《電影符號學:從古典到數位時代。 書林出版有限公司。
瑪莉塔‧史特肯(Marita Sturken)、莎莉‧卡萊特(Lisa Cartwright)(2013),觀看的實踐 給所有影像
劉純妤(2011),運動的疊置與空間多重化搭建: 從德勒茲《感覺的邏輯》看培根三聯畫的另類思考。

藝術觀點ACT(2012)趨向影像-幽肢:或,我們是如何學會停止恐懼 以及熱愛異質的變體。第50期
藝術觀點ACT(2015)臺灣新電影與當代藝術」地下根莖再生計畫 (上)。第63期
藝術觀點ACT(2015)臺灣新電影與當代藝術」地下根莖再生計畫 (下)。第64期
藝術觀點ACT(2016) Animate!動畫本體的當代性 。第66期

今日大話新聞(2015)-中國城徵收案添變數! 地主抗議徵收價格過低 台南-長禾公共文化傳媒有限公司
立場新聞(2016)隨運河輪轉的城 台南與中國城。《典藏.今藝術》ARTCO Monthly

2015/07-2016/03 中國城居民(博士電器老闆)李郡河先生口述。
2016/03/13 海馬迴光畫廊。【台南中國城】陳柏義 現場導覽X黃建宏 座談會。
2016/05/18 府城軸帶地景改造~談中國城拆除後的區域風貌改變。

Brian McGrath & Jean Gardner(2008)。《Cinemetrics: Embodying Architectural Representation in the
Digital Age》
Burks,ed.,Cambridge(1958)。Harvard University Press,1958.
Brian McGrath(2006)。Face City.
Brian McGrath(2014)。Cinemetrics: A Sensori-motor Archive for Design.
Gilles Deleuze(1983)。Cinéma1:L'image-mouvement。Paris:Les Éditions de Minuit.
Gilles Deleuze(1983)。Cinéma2:L'image-temps。Paris:Les Éditions de Minuit.
Nik Nikolov(2008)。Cinemarchitecture:Explorations into the Scopic Regime of Architecture.

------------------------------------------------------------------------ 第 16 筆 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
系統識別號 U0026-1808201621142000
論文名稱(中文) 整體動作評估於高危險群嬰幼兒一和兩歲之動作發展的預測效度
論文名稱(英文) Predictive Validity of Assessment of General Movements on Motor Development in High-Risk Infants at One and Two Years of Age
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 物理治療學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Physical Therapy
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 簡珮君
學號 t66034014
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2016-06-24
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-徐碧真
關鍵字(中) 整體動作評估
關鍵字(英) General movements
Predictive validity
Motor development
中文摘要 背景與目的:具有出生週數小於37週、出生體重較低、因周產期窒息而導致缺氧性腦部病變等危險因子的新生兒常被視為未來可能會出現發展障礙的高危險群。在臨床上,藉由早期篩檢、早期給予適當的治療性介入,以期降低高危險群嬰幼兒未來動作障礙的程度。有別於傳統新生兒神經行為檢查,Prechtl等人發展了整體動作評估,藉由觀察新生兒自發性整體動作的動作品質,以判斷其神經系統之發展與預後。目前大部分的研究以非常早產(出生妊娠週數小於32週),非常低體重兒(出生體重小於1500克)或極低體重兒(出生體重小於1000克)為主要研究對象,以神經學檢查異常以及中度至重度動作發展障礙(例如腦性麻痺)為主要預測結果。此外,較少研究探討早產期之整體動作評估以及整體動作軌跡(GMs trajectory)的預測效度,因此本研究的主要目的有以下三者,第一,檢定各時期之整體動作評估,包含早產期(preterm)、扭動運動期(writhing)、不安運動期(fidgety)以及整體動作軌跡對於一和兩歲動作發展的預測效度;第二,探討整體動作的模式與阿爾伯塔嬰幼兒動作評估量表以及皮巴迪動作發展量表第二版之動作發展商數的相關性;第三,探討整體動作評估合併傳統新生兒神經行為檢查對於一和兩歲動作發展的預測效度。
方法:本研究共收取109位符合收案條件之高危險群新生兒(實驗組)以及31位正常足月產之新生兒(控制組)。分別在早產、扭動運動以及不安運動時期以數位錄影機拍攝受試者自發性的整體動作,並同時進行傳統新生兒神經學檢查,在足月前,使用摩根新生兒神經行為評估;在妊娠週數38至42週,使用漢默史密斯新生兒神經行為評估。於年齡一和兩歲時,以阿爾伯塔嬰幼兒動作評估量表以及皮巴迪動作發展量表第二版作為預後結果的測量方式。整體動作評估以類別方式計分,於早產期和扭動運動期分為正常、單調性、痙攣同步性和混亂性;不安運動時期分為正常、異常性及不安運動缺乏;整體動作軌跡分為一致正常(consistent normal)、漸進正常(normal end)、漸進異常(abnormal end)、一致異常(consistent abnormal)。進行統計分析時,再將所有評估結果二分為正常與異常兩類,分別計算整體動作評估以及新生兒神經行為評估之敏感度、特異度、正預測值、負預測值和預測準確度,並使用皮爾森相關係數檢定兩者與一和兩歲動作結果之相關性。
英文摘要 Background. Infants with prematurity, low birth weight or hypoxic encephalopathy are at higher risks for developmental disability. Several methods have been used in clinical practice to identify possible developmental problems in order to provide early intervention and prevent further negative sequelae. Apart from traditional neonatal neurobehavioral examination (NNE), the qualitative assessment of general movements (GMsA) proposed by Prechtl is a method for detecting the integrity of the central nerve system based on observation of infants’ spontaneous movements. A majority of studies focused on the population of very preterm (birth gestational age less than 32 weeks), very low birth weight (birth body weight less than 1500 g) or extremely low birth weight (birth body weight less than 1000 g) infants, and concerned with the prediction of neurological abnormality and moderate to severe motor impairment such as cerebral palsy. There are limited studies regarding GMsA in preterm period and the predictive validity of GMs trajectory. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the predictive validity of GMsA in each period (preterm, writhing and fidgety) and GMs trajectory on motor development outcome at 1 and 2 years of age, to investigate the correlation between the quality of GMs and Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale second edition (PDMS-2), and to explore the predictive validity of a combination of GMsA and NNE on motor outcome at 1 and 2 years of age.
Methods. 109 high risk infants who met the inclusion criteria and 31 healthy full-term neonates were recruited and classified into experimental and control group respectively. Spontaneous movements were recorded by digital camcorders from preterm, writhing and fidgety period and concurrent examination, such as Morgan Neonatal Neurobehavioral examination (MNNE) and Hammersmith Neonatal Neurological Examination (HNNE), were executed according to applicable age. Motor development outcome was measured by AIMS and PDMS-2 at 1 and 2 years of age. The GMsA was assessed by categorical rating which was classified as normal, poor repertoire, chaotic, and cramped-synchronized movements in preterm and writhing periods, and normal, abnormal and absent fidgety movements in fidgety period, and categorized into consistent normal, normal end, abnormal end, consistent abnormal for GMs trajectory. All the results obtained from GMsA, MNNE, HNNE, AIMS and PDMS-2 were further dichotomized to normal and abnormal for the purpose of analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy were calculated. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was applied for the neonatal assessments and motor outcome assessed at 1 and 2 years.
Results. GMsA had a good specificity (56-91%) and NPV (79-98%), fair sensitivity (40-100%) and poor PPV (6-71%) for predicting motor delay at 1 and 2 years of age. Among the three periods, the predictive validity of GMsA in fidgety period was highest (80-89%), followed by writhing period (56-69%) and that of in preterm period was poorest (50-56%). When applied in high risk group, the value of sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of GMsA in fidgety period on AIMS at 1 year and the specificity and NPV on PDMS-2 at 1 year fell into preferable range which was suggested by previous studies. Fair to moderate correlation was found between fidgety GMs and AIMS and PDMS-2 at 1 and 2 years in high risk group. It is recommended that GMsA in fidgety period had better predictive validity than preterm and writhing periods. The GMs trajectory had an accuracy of 79-88% for predicting motor outcome at 1 and 2 years which was better than that of in preterm and writhing perioda and was similar with that of in fidgety period. Compared to single assessment, combined GMsA and NNE could improve the predictive validity, and moderate to very good correlation was found between a combination of GMsA and HNNE with motor outcome at 1 and 2 years. The predictive validity found in this study was lower than the findings of other similar studies, and the possible reasons might be the differences in target population, the focuses of outcome measurement, and the age at which outcome was assessed.
Conclusion and Discussion. This study indicated that the predictive validity of GMsA in fidgety period on motor development at 1 and 2 years of age was best among the three periods. Combination of GMsA and neonatal neurobehavioral examination could improve the predictive validity. Minimal handling and easy to perform are advantageous for related medical professionals.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract III
List of Tables X
List of Figures XII

1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Purpose 3
1.3 Specific aims 4
1.4 Definition 4
1.5 Operational definition 5
1.6 Delimitations 6
1.7 Limitations 6
1.8 Hypotheses 6
1.9 Rationale for hypotheses 7
1.10 Significance of the study 12

2.1 General movements Assessment (GMsA) 13
2.2 Predictive validity of GMs 14
2.2.1 In preterm period 22
2.2.2 In writhing period 23
2.2.3 In fidgety period 25
2.2.4 GMs trajectory 27
2.3 Neonatal Neurobehavioral/Neurological Examination (NNE) 30
2.3.1 In preterm period 30
2.3.2 At term and 1 month postterm 30
2.4 Comparison between GMsA with traditional neonatal neurobehavioral and/or
neurological examinations 32
3.1 The Setting 33
3.2 Research design 33
3.3 Participants 34
3.4 Instruments and Assessment Tools 34
3.4.1 Digital camcorders 34
3.4.2 General movements assessment (GMsA) 35
3.4.3 Neonatal Neurobehavioral Examination (NNE) 35
3.4.4 Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) 36
3.4.5 Peabody Developmental Motor Scale, second edition (PDMS-2) 37
3.5 Procedure 37
3.6 Data reduction 40
3.7 Statistical analysis 41

4.1 Clinical characteristics 42
4.2 Predictive validity of GMsA 46
4.2.1 Preterm period 46
4.2.2 Writhing period 53
4.2.3 Fidgety period 54
4.2.4 GMs trajectory 55
4.3 Predictive validity of NNE 61
4.3.1 MNNE 61
4.3.2 HNNE 61
4.4 Combination of GMsA and NNE 62
4.4.1 GMsA and MNNE in preterm period 62
4.4.2 GMsA and HNNE at term equivalent age 63
4.4.3 GMs trajectory and HNNE 63

5.1 The predictive validity of GMsA in different periods 65
5.2 Comparison of GMs trajectory with single period 71
5.3 Correlation between GMs and motor performance 73
5.4 Predictive validity of combination of GMs and NNE 75

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系統識別號 U0026-2201201520375800
論文名稱(中文) 足底感覺對高齡糖尿病患者坐到站動作控制的影響
論文名稱(英文) The Effect of Plantar Sensitivity on Movement Control of Sit-to-Stand in Older Adults with Diabetes
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 物理治療學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Physical Therapy
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 陳宜紋
學號 T66014022
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-12-15
論文頁數 70頁
口試委員 指導教授-林桑伊
關鍵字(中) 坐到站
關鍵字(英) Sit-to-stand
Plantar sensitivity
Movement control
中文摘要 研究背景與目的: 糖尿病是在老人族群中常見的慢性疾病之一,而長期患有糖尿病會造成周邊神經病變,此問題經常是從足底感覺的缺失開始,且過去文獻已經發現此缺失會對患者的日常生活功能有負面影響。五次坐到站是一項可以反映老年人日常生活功能的測試,許多文獻也已證實此項測試是預測老年人未來功能是否會喪失的重要指標。了解患有糖尿病的老年人如何執行五次坐到站可以協助澄清此類患者執行此動作時動作控制的問題,因此,本研究旨在探討健康高齡者、糖尿病未有足底感覺缺失患者及糖尿病足底感覺缺失患者執行五次坐到站時的動作控制,並進一步探討感覺動作功能對於此項測試的影響。

研究方法: 本研究收取24位健康高齡者及44位糖尿病患者,糖尿病患者又利用Semmes-Weinstein單纖維尼龍絲檢查足底感覺閾值,根據其結果再將受試者細分為有足底感覺缺失或無足底感覺缺失兩組,受試者使用最快速度執行連續五次從椅子上站起來再坐下的動作。儀器部分,本研究將一個取樣頻率為148赫茲的三軸加速規固定於受試者第三腰椎的脊突處,測量身體質心在前後及垂直方向的加速度,而加速度的參數為其範圍和標準差。統計分析方面,使用單因子變異數分析,比較三組受試者在執行五次坐到站及分別五次不同時期(坐到站及站到坐)的總時間、前後及垂直方向加速度是否有差異 之後使用雙因子重複量數變異數分析,比較每次坐-站-坐的時間占總時間的比例三組是否不同。此外也以皮爾森相關係數分析基本資料、感覺動作功能及五次坐到站的表現間的相關,將顯著相關的參數置入多元線性回歸中,探討對五次坐到站表現變異量有顯著貢獻的因子。


結論: 因加速度是反映執行動作時速度變化的大小,糖尿病有足底感覺缺失的患者有較小的加速度,代表著此族群的高齡者改變速度的能力下降,而如此的動作控制能力限制,可能是為了代償足底感覺缺失造成平衡控制問題所採取的一種謹慎策略。
英文摘要 Background and purpose: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major chronic diseases in the elderly population. Chronic DM could result in peripheral neuropathy which begins with impaired plantar cutaneous sensation. This impairment has been found to have negative effects on the ability to perform daily activities. The five times sit-to-stand (FTSS) is a commonly used measure to reflect the functional capacity of older adults and has been shown to be a strong predictor of future functional loss. The purposes of this study were first to investigate the differences in the control of FTSS between healthy and diabetic older adults with and without plantar insensitivity and further to determine to what extent sensorimotor function affected the FTSS performance.

Methods: Twenty-four healthy (CON) and 44 diabetic (DM) older adults participated in this study. The DM subjects were further categorized into having plantar insensitivity (DM-PI, n=22) or not (DM-nonPI, n=22) according to the results of a plantar cutaneous sensation test using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments. For the FTSS, subjects were instructed to stand up from a seated position and then sit back down for 5 repetitions consecutively at their maximal speeds. An accelerometer with a sampling rate of 148 Hz was placed at the spinous process of the third lumbar vertebrae to measure the acceleration of body’s center of mass in the anterior-posterior (AP) and vertical directions. The acceleration parameters were the range and standard deviation (SD) of the AP and vertical directions. One-way ANOVAs were conducted to analyze the duration and acceleration of vertical and AP directions of total FTSS and each phase (sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit) of the five repetitions. The percentages of total time in each repetition were analyzed by two-way repeated measure ANOVAs. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the contribution of sensorimotor function on the performance of FTSS in DM patients.

Results: During the FTSS, the overall range of vertical acceleration had significant group differences, with smaller range in DM-PI than CON. Compared the percentage of total time spent in each repetition, the first repetition required significantly longer time than the other repetitions for all the subjects. In the sit-to-stand phase, the vertical acceleration range of DM-PI was significantly smaller than CON and DM-nonPI in the first and last repetitions, smaller than CON in the second through fourth repetitions. In the stand-to-sit phase, the acceleration range and SD of the vertical direction in the second and third repetitions were significantly smaller in DM-PI than CON. In the fourth repetition, the range in DM-PI was significantly smaller than CON and DM-nonPI and the SD was also significantly smaller in DM-PI than CON. After controlling for age, gender and duration of diabetes, knee extensors muscle strength added significant contributions to the FTSS total time.

Conclusion: Since acceleration is a reflection of how fast an individual changes movement velocity, the smaller acceleration in diabetic older adults with plantar insensitivity indicated that these older adults had a reduced capacity in changing the velocity. These changes in movement control could be a cautious strategy to compensate for poorer balance control related to plantar insensitivity.
論文目次 Abstract........ I
Contents........ VI
List of tables........VIII
List of figures........IX

Chapter 1. Introduction........1
1.1 Introduction of diabetes mellitus and diabetic neuropathy........1
1.2 Diabetic neuropathy-induced sensorimotor deficits and imbalance........2
1.3 Plantar insensitivity and locomotion........3
1.4 Movement features of sit-to-stand (STS)........4
1.5 Five times sit-to-stand (FTSS)........7
1.6 Motivation........8

Chapter 2. Research Designs and Methodology........10
2.1 The Setting........10
2.2 Research Design........10
2.3 Participants ........10
2.4 Procedure........11
2.4.1 Physical examination........11
2.4.2 Five Times Sit-to-Stand test (FTSS)........ 15
2.5 Instrumentation........16
2.6 Pilot study........18
2.7 Data reduction........23
2.8 Statistical analysis........26

Chapter 3. Results........28
3.1 Demographics........28
3.2 Overall performance........31
3.3 Performance of individual repetition – Sit-to-stand phase........31
3.4 Performance of individual repetition – Stand-to-sit phase........42
3.5 Regression........50

Chapter 4. Discussion........51
4.1 Total time........51
4.2 Acceleration........54
4.3 Contributing factors to task performance........56

Chapter 5. Conclusion........59
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系統識別號 U0026-2508201621490800
論文名稱(中文) 嬰兒整體動作發展與發展遲緩高危險因子的相關性
論文名稱(英文) Correlation between General Movements and Risk Factors in Infants with High Risk for Developmental Delay
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 物理治療學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Physical Therapy
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 柯雅菁
學號 T66011016
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2016-06-24
論文頁數 61頁
口試委員 指導教授-徐碧真
關鍵字(中) 整體動作評估
關鍵字(英) General movement
small for gestational age
brain ultrasound
very low birth weight
chronic lung disease
中文摘要 背景和目的:由於醫療進步,許多在加護病房的新生兒得以存活,然而這些嬰兒常有發展遲緩高危險因子,如胎兒小於妊娠年齡、非常低體重、腦部超音波異常或慢性肺部疾病。整體動作(General movements)被主張可以反應出嬰兒腦部的功能性,因此,本研究主要檢測有上述四種發展遲緩高危險因子嬰兒的整體動作表現,並探討發展遲緩高危險因子與整體動作間的相關性。
方法:本研究於成功大學附設醫院共招募了21位足月產的新生兒(控制組),25沒有發展遲緩高危險因子的早產兒(早產控制組)及46位有發展遲緩高危險的新生兒(高危險組),高危險群包含胎兒小於妊娠年齡、非常低體重、腦部超音波異常及慢性肺部疾病等四個次族群。本研究分別在三個時期,早產(preterm)、扭動運動(writhing)和不安扭動(fidgety)時期,拍攝各46、81及60個整體動作影片。由三位物理治療師評估,受試者整體動作為正常或異常。而異常的腦部超音波則分成輕微 (包含輕微及原本腦部超音波異常後續為正常者)及較嚴重的(包含中等及嚴重的腦部超音波異常)次組別,進行以下統計分析。第一,使用費雪精準檢定(Fisher’s exact test)分析各發展遲緩高危險因子或多個高危險次族群與整體動作間的相關性,並使用克雷莫V係數(Cramver’s V coefficient)分析正常、輕微及較嚴重的腦部超音波及整體動作間的相關性;第二,使用二元羅吉斯迴歸(Binary logistic regression)檢測及比較各高危險發展因子可能造成異常整體動作的風險。
結果和討論:胎兒小於妊娠年齡和整體動作無關,但胎兒小於妊娠年齡在早產時期異常整體動作的比例較高,胎兒小於妊娠年齡的嬰兒在產前,可能原因是腦部保護效應(Brain sparing)可以讓胎兒血液重新分配到腦部,在產後則重獲充足的營養,可能導致早期有較多異常整體動作。腦部超音波異常和異常整體動作在三個時期皆有顯著的相關,進一步檢測時,發現輕微的腦部超音波異常和早期異常的整體動作有相關,而較嚴重的腦部超音波異常和不安扭動時期的整體動作有相關,且越嚴重的腦部超音波異常和異常整體動作有關,推測早期的異常整體動作和輕微的腦部超音波異常可能是暫時腦部功能障礙;而嚴重的腦部超音波異常和異常不安扭動整體動作則可能和較永久的腦部功能障礙有關,但尚須研究證實。非常低體重和異常的整體動作在早產及扭動運動有關,每個非常低體重受試者同時有腦部超音波異常。高危險組中,只有六個受試者有慢性肺部疾病,且同時有非常低體重及腦部超音波異常,慢性肺部疾病和整體動作無關,但在早產和扭動運動時期異常整體動作的比例較高。羅吉斯迴歸也指出在這些發展遲緩高危險因子中,只有腦部超音波異常顯著影響每個時期的整體動作,輕微的腦部超音波異常較容易導致早產時期的整體動作異常;而較嚴重的腦部超音波異常較容易導致異常不安扭動整體動作,且風險為正常腦部超音波的20倍。比較包含兩個或三個高危險次族群與整體動作間的相關性時,若包含胎兒小於妊娠年齡這個次族群時,和整體動作異常在早期皆有顯著相關,但在不安扭動時期則無關;若沒有包含胎兒小於妊娠年齡這個次族群時,則和異常整體動作在三個時期皆有顯著的相關。
英文摘要 Background and Purpose: Small for gestational age (SGA), abnormal brain ultrasound (AbUS), very low birth weight (VLBW), or chronic lung disease (CLD) are considered as high risk factors of developmental delay. General movements (GMs) are claimed to be endogenous and the qualities of GMs may reflect the maturation and status of an infant’s nervous system. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between GMs and above four high risk factors.
Methods: Twenty-one term infants (control group), 25 preterm infants without other high risk factors (premature group), and 46 infants with at least one of following conditions, High risk group (HRG) had four subgroups including SGA, AbUS, VLBW or CLD. Forty-six, 81 and 60 recordings were collected and rated in preterm, writhing and fidgety periods, respectively. GMs were categorized as normal or abnormal. AbUS were divided into two subdivisions, minor AbUS including mild AbUS or initially AbUS but followed normal ultrasound findings and severe AbUS including moderate or severe AbUS. The relationships between SGA, AbUS, VLBW, CLD or multiple risk factors and GMs were determined by Fisher’s exact test; Cramer’s V test was used to examine the relationships between GMs and non-, minor and severe AbUS. Binary logistic regression was applied to determine the contribution of each risk factor to probability of abnormal GMs.
Results and Discussion: SGA was not related to abnormal GMs, but SGA had high percentage of abnormal GMs in the preterm period. “Brain sparing” which may prevent severe brain injury in uterus, and restored supplies of nutrition after birth may be another possible reason that contribute to high incident of early abnormal GMs in SGA. AbUS was related to abnormal GMs in each period. In further examinations, minor AbUS was related to abnormal GMs in the preterm and writhing periods, while severe AbSU was related to abnormal GMs in the fidgety period. The increased severity of AbUS was correlated to abnormal GMs in each period. The possible reasons may be that early abnormal GMs and minor AbUS were attribute to transient brain dysfunction while severe AbUS and abnormal fidgety GMs may attribute to permanent brain dysfunction; however, further study is needed to confirm this speculation. VLBW was related to abnormal GMs in the preterm and writhing periods. Ten participants with VLBW all had AbUS. CLD was not related to abnormal GMs, but incidents of abnormal GMs were high in the preterm and writhing periods. Only 6 participants with CLD and they all had AbUS and VLBW. Logistic regression indicated that among these risk factors, only AbUS had significantly effect on GMs in each period. Minor AbUS was at higher risk for abnormal GMs in the preterm period, while severe AbUS had 20 times of risk for abnormal GMs in the fidgety period in comparison with non-AbUS. When examining the correlation between multiple risk factors (including two or three risk factors) and GMs, multiple risk factors including SGA were related to abnormal GMs in the preterm and writhing periods, while multiple risk factors including risk factors other than SGA were related to abnormal GMs in each period.
Conclusions: This study revealed that AbUS were consistently related to abnormal GMs, while VLBW were related to abnormal GMs in the preterm or writhing periods. SGA and CLD did not related to abnormal GMs. Increased severity of AbSU was related to GMs in each period. Although HRG including 46 participants, the GMs recordings of every participant was not available for examination in the three periods. Particularly, few participants had CLD, and all of them had VLBW and AbUS. Further study is needed to examine the long-term effect of each high risk factor on neurodevelopment by enlarging the sample size in each risk factor and following up the participants.
論文目次 Chapter I Background Information 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Purposes 5
1.3 Definitions 6
1.4 Operational definitions 6
1.5 Limitations 7
1.6 Assumptions 8
1.7 Hypotheses 8
1.8 Research questions: 8
1.9 Rationales for the hypotheses 8
1.9.1 Rationale for the first hypothesis 8
1.9.2 Rationale for the second hypothesis 9
1.9.3 Rationale for the third hypothesis 11
1.9.4 Rationale for the fourth hypothesis 12
1.10 Significance of Research Questions 12
1.10.1 Significance of the first research question 12
1.10.2 Significance of the second research question 13
1.11 Needs for Study 13
Chapter II Literature review 15
2.1 Assessment of GMs 15
2.2 High risk factors 17
2.2.1 SGA 17
2.2.2 AbUS 19
2.2.3 VLBW 20
2.2.4 CLD 21
2.3 Common abnormal neurological outcome 23
2.4 Neural Mechanism and Theories of GMs 24
Chapter III Methods 27
3.1 Participants 27
3.2 Procedure 27
3.2.1 Data collection 27
3.2.2 Qualitative assessment of general movement 29
3.3 Statistical analysis 29
Chapter IV Results 31
4.1 The relationships between GMs and high risk factors 33
4.1.1 The relationships between SGA and GMs 33
4.1.2 The relationships between AbUS and GMs 34
4.1.3 The relationships between VLBW and GMs 36
4.1.4 The relationships between CLD and GMs 37
4.2 Contribution of each risk factor to probability of abnormal GMs 37
4.3 The relationship between GMs and multiple risk factors 38
Chapter V Discussion 40
5.1 The relationships between SGA and GMs 40
5.2 The relationships between AbUS and GMs 42
5.2.1 The relationships between AbUS and GMs in different periods 43
5.2.2 The relationship between severities of AbUS and GMs 44
5.2.3 The relationship between transient AbUS and GMs 45
5.3 The relationships between VLBW and GMs 45
5.4 The relationships between CLD and GMs 47
5.5 Contribution of each risk factor to probability of abnormal GMs 48
5.6 The relationship between GMs and multiple risk factors 49
Chapter VI Conclusion 50
References 52
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系統識別號 U0026-2708201509402500
論文名稱(中文) 應用光學式體感科技輔助肩關節運動功能性量化評估-以棒球選手為例-
論文名稱(英文) Using the Kinect Technology to Quantify the Shoulder Motion Function for Baseball Player
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 生物醫學工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of BioMedical Engineering
學年度 104
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 何政育
學號 P86024158
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2015-06-30
論文頁數 84頁
口試委員 指導教授-葉明龍
關鍵字(中) 棒球
關鍵字(英) Baseball
Movement assessment
Injury assessment
Kinect Technology
中文摘要 手肘關節以及肩關節是棒球選手常見的運動傷害。現階段國內校園培訓球隊仍然缺乏運動傷害專業防護員的介入來保護選手避免運動傷害的發生。棒球運動相關的體適能、運動學與動力學評估,主要使用高速攝影機、以及力板來偵測並加以評量,該模式涉及高度的專業性與主觀性,因此,本研究目的為應用光學體感科技進行動作偵測與量化評估,透過建立以微軟公司Kinect感應器為基礎之量測運算平台來偵測人體20個關節點及運動軌跡,藉以及時偵知棒球選手的運動表現。
英文摘要 Elbow and shoulder joints are the common sports injury sites for baseball players So far, it still lacks athletic trainer intervention to protect the athletes from injury. Traditionally, the assessment of the physical fitness, kinematic parameter and kinetic parameter were by the high speed motion capture and force plate, but this method required expansive and complicate equipment and professional persons to conduct the evaluation. It is not able to become popular assessment approaches and reach all the athletes required assistance. Hence, a simpler and cheaper motion assessment method is needed to reach all level of athletes. The Kinect sensor developed by the Microsoft to capture the 20 skeletal joint marker and trajectory from the human body is an affordable tool to conduct the motion tracking. This study used Kinect to monitor the youth baseball player’s exercise performance immediately.
The specific goals are as below: 1) Develop the shoulder motion record and analysis system, which can automatically capture the kinematic parameter to quantify and analyze the shoulder function for the baseball players; 2) Conduct the system calibration to correlate the joint angle between the real position and value recorded by Kinect for their accuracy and precision; 3) Develop the shoulder exercise norm for athletes and perform the case study to evaluate whether the player is at the risk of the exercise injury from exercise performance; and 4) Develop the assessment computing platform and provide the protection system to monitor the player’s exercise performance immediately.
The study is aim to compare the difference between the joint angle, angular velocity, angular acceleration and time difference before and after the exercise training. The results showed that: 1) The calibration regression show a polynomial equation can be used to correlate the joint angle at different plane of volunteer and the angles recorded from the Kinect, so the joint position and angle and joint movement can be detected accurately; 2) The exercise norm developed by this study of the can help the coach realize the exercise performance, health condition and rehabilitation progress of athletes immediately; 3) In the case study, the system can analyze the player’s muscle power, muscular endurance and balance before and after the exercise training, as well as analyze the player’s stability, explosive power, proprioception and the pitch type. This research develops the economic method to quantify the gross motion and assess the possibility of injury and performance.
論文目次 Table of Contents
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
Table of Contents VI
List of Tables VIII
List of Figures X
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1. Motivation and Background 1
1.2. Function and Anatomy of Upper Extremity 1
1.2.1. Wrist Joint 3
1.2.2. Elbow Joint 4
1.2.3. Shoulder Joint 5
1.2.4. Overhead Throwing Motion 8
1.3. Mechanism of Joint Injury on Upper extremity 10
1.3.1. Common Injury of Upper Extremity 11
1.3.2. Shoulder Injury Mechanism 13
1.3.3. Overhead Throwing Exercise injury 14
1.4. Clinical Assessment and Treatment 15
1.4.1. Treatment Strategy and Method 20
1.5. Biomechanical Dynamic Analysis 20
1.5.1. High speed motion capture 21
1.5.2. Kinect Technology Application 22
1.6. Study Aims and Purpose 25
Chapter 2 Materials and Methods 26
2.1. Subjects 26
2.2. Instruments 26
2.2.1. Kinect Technology Measurement 26
2.2.2. Software 29
2.3. Procedure 30
2.3.1. Environmental Settlement 31
2.4. System Calibration 31
2.4.1. Joint Position Calibration for Z Axis 32
2.4.2. Joint Angle Calibration 34
2.5. Develop Exercise Norm for Baseball Player 35
2.6. Using Kinect for Case Study 40
2.7. Statistical Analysis 41
Chapter 3 Results 42
3.1. System Calibration Test 42
3.1.1. Joint Position Calibration for Z Axis 42
3.1.2. Joint Angle Calibration 46
3.2. Develop Exercise Norm for Baseball Player 50
3.3. Using Kinect for Case Study 58
Chapter 4 Discussion 61
4.1. System Calibration Test 61
4.1.1. Calibration for distance for Z Axis 61
4.1.2. Joint Angle Calibration 62
4.2. Develop Exercise Norm for Baseball Player 63
4.3. Using Kinect for Case Study 65
4.4. Limitation 69
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future Work 70
5.1 Conclusion 70
5.2 Reference to Future Work 71
References 72
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系統識別號 U0026-2807201614315900
論文名稱(中文) 小姐宋美齡及其時代
論文名稱(英文) Young Mayling Soong and Her Time
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 歷史學系
系所名稱(英) Department of History
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 張堯涵
學號 k36021083
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2016-06-29
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 指導教授-王秀雲
關鍵字(中) 宋美齡
艾瑪.米爾斯(Emma Mills)
關鍵字(英) Mayling Soong
Emma Mills
the New Culture Movement
the early Republic of China
American experience
中文摘要   宋美齡(1897-2003)為20世紀影響中國歷史的重要人物之一,過去與宋美齡相關的前人研究成果來看,多著重於她成為「第一夫人」後以及「政治」層面的討論。本研究將以宋美齡1917年至1921年寫給美國友人的書信,進入其私人生活,並將宋美齡及其書信中提到女性社交、女性從醫與愛情婚姻的內容,置於中國近現代歷史的發展脈絡中理解。本文的撰寫目的,除了從書信當中認識較少受到討論的年輕宋美齡,還希望藉由宋美齡書信中的例子與相關文獻的爬梳,進一步地對20世紀初期面臨新舊文化轉變的中國社會,有著更多的認識。
英文摘要 This thesis discusses the private life of young Mayling Soong (1897-2003) in the context of China’s early twentieth century when tradition was contested. Most of the existing scholarship addresses Soong’s life as the First Lady, this thesis attempts to investigate the unknown side of Mayling Soong by examining her correspondence with her American friend Emma Mills (1894-1987). I focus on her attitude towards social life, career aspiration, romance and marriage. Mayling Soong’s American education experience enabled her to take on American perspectives regarding issues of gender relations which were different from her family and brought about conflicts between her and her mother.

China was in the process of modernization by the turn of the century, which was full of the collision between new and old ideas. Some intellectuals began to criticize traditional ways, and brought about “The New Culture Movement” against Confucianism. The letters between Soong and Mill offer a fresh and intimate new perspective into understanding the early Republic of China.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1-11
文獻回顧 3-8
主要史料介紹及運用 8-10
章節安排 10-11
第二章 宋美齡與中國性別規範 12-35
第一節 中國舞廳及社交觀念 13-23
第二節 女性從醫及職業選擇 24-34
小結 34-35
第三章 宋美齡與民初知識份子對愛情婚姻的態度 36-61
第一節 民初人們的愛情婚姻觀 37-53
第二節 中國守寡(貞節)觀念 53-59
小結 60-61
第四章 結論 62-66
參考文獻 67-75
附錄 76-82
圖一:1913年宋美齡、宋子文與宋慶齡於波士頓的合照 76
圖二:1916年宋美齡與衛斯理女子學院同學們於女子宿舍(WOOD COTTAGE)前的合照 76-77
圖三:1917年宋美齡初回中國時,於上海家中拍的家族合影 77
圖四:宋美齡寫給艾瑪的書信手寫原稿 78
圖五:宋美齡寫給艾瑪的書信以打字機完成的原稿 79-80
圖六:張貼於《申報》中的舞廳廣告。(資料來源:《申報》,1928年6月2日。〉) 81
圖七:吳江錢旭琴女醫士之小影(資料來源:〈吳江錢旭琴女醫士之小影〉,《婦女雜誌》第2卷第12期,1916) 81-82

參考文獻 一、一手文獻

1.May-ling Soong Chiang, Letter from May-ling Soong Chiang to Emma Mills, 1917-1921.(共81封)


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